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Master Plan Review by SPA Vijayawada


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This presentation was given by SPA Vijayawada for "Anusandhaana" - XV Annual NOSPlan Convention

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Master Plan Review by SPA Vijayawada

  1. 1. XV Annual NOSPlan Convention
  2. 2. Safe cities are the cities which ensures safe living environment for its citizens. Crime free Safety for differently abled Safety from natural disasters Safety from human made disasters Safety of Dependent Population Safe living environment Adequate health care facilities Safety of pedestrians Safety on road Sanitation facilities Pollution free air and water School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada Why we are talking about safe cities? • Security of citizens has become more critical as cities and their infrastructure evolve. • As city gets bigger (urbanization) = more and more anonymous threats. • Increasing pressure on local authorities to cope with expected and unexpected security threats against citizens.
  3. 3.  INTRODUCTION TO CASE AREA (VIJAYAWADA) India • • • • Andhra Pradesh Krishna District 3rd largest city of Andhra Pradesh. Important commercial and transport center of state. It has the biggest and busiest railway junction in Southern India and one of the biggest bus terminal of Country. It is known for historic Kanak Durga Temple, Prakasham Barriage and Railway Wagon Workshop. CITY AT GLANCE: Area 61.88 km2 Population 1048240 (CENSUS OF INDIA 2011) Population Density 16940 ppkm2 Vijayawada City Vijayawada LOCATION: The city is situated at the foot of a low range hills on the northern bank of the river Krishna with its cardinal points as 16° 31’ North latitude and 80° 37’ East longitude, around 70 km away from the coast. LANDLAY AND TOPOGRAPHY: The land lay of Vijayawada is characterized by four canals, four hills and the holy river Krishna. School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  4. 4. LIMITATIONS OF STUDY: • A master plan for Vijayawada was prepared in 1969, since then no master plan was made. • Development in Vijayawada is guided by Zonal Development Plan(ZDP) – 2006. • Currently VGTM-UDA is preparing revised master plan for Vijayawada with major contribution of SPA-V and other agencies. • Considering ZDP-2006 as the only available document, it has been reviewed with respect to the theme. ISSUES WITHIN CASE AREA ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES DEGRADING AIR QUALITY DEGRADIN G WATER QUALITY TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION RELATED ISSUES DESIGN RELATED ISSUES POOR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT BUILTFORM RELATED ISSUES ENCHROACHMENT ON HILLS DEFORESTATION INCREASING ROAD ACCIDENTS CONGESTION LANDSLIDE POLLUTION School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada CRIME AND SAFETY ENCHROACHMENT ON FLOOD BANKS
  5. 5.  PROVISIONS FOR ABOVE ISSUES IN ZDP AIR POLLUTION Solution: Solutions for moderating SPM and RSPM levels could be in the form of adopting cleaner technology options. Table: Pollution Levels: Vijayawada, 2003 Units in ppm Units in ppm Table: Pollution Levels: Vijayawada, 2012 S.No. Parameter Existing Standard Exceedence Factor S.No. Parameter Existing Standard Exceedence Factor 1 RSPM 100 80 1.26 1 RSPM 95.6 80 1.2 2 SPM 264 213 1.24 2 SPM 321 213 1.5 3 SO2 3 67 0.05 3 SO2 3.4 67 0.05 4 NOx 60 67 0.90 4 NOx 64 67 0.95 Source: CPCB, APPCB Source: CPCB, APPCB WATER POLLUTION Table: Daily discharge in canals, 2012 Canal Sewage outfall Daily discharge Bandar Canal 5 15 Ryves Canal 8 25 Eluru Canal 18 22 Issues: • The DO level of the three canals is less than 6 ppm. • Nearly 10% (50-75 tonnes) of the solid wastes generated in the city is dumped on the canal banks. Source: Pollution Prevention for irrigation canals in VijayawadaWilbur Smith Associates. Proposal: • There are already proposals for 7 Sewage Treatment Plants along the three canals of the city • Better solid waste management techniques in terms of collection and disposal School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  6. 6.  TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION RELATED ISSUES Design problems and weak traffic management leads to increase in number of accidents, congestion and pollution. Major accident prone intersections and Problematic Intersections BRTS Junction PROPOSALS SHORT TERM PROPOSALS • Traffic management measures(road marking, traffic signs etc.) • Traffic engineering measures (design of intersections) Ramavarappadu Ring MEDIUM TERM PROPOSALS • Improvement of roads. LONG TERM PROPOSALS • Ring road proposals • Flyover • Bridges • New roads for new areas Benz Circle intersection Prakasham Barrage Intersection (Temple Point) School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  7. 7.  BUILT-FORM RELATED ISSUES • Encroachment on hills is inviting the problem of landslide, which can lead to heavy loss of life and property. • Every year some of the areas (encroached on flood plains) get affected by heavy water flow in river and canal which is ignored in ZDP. • The old city is highly dense commercial and residential colony, which in case of fire can lead to loss of life and property.  CRIME AND SAFETY RELATED ISSUES • In year 2011 Andhra Pradesh has reported 42.7% cases of sexual harassment against women • Out of which 18% of cases of eve-teasing is reported in Vijayawada only. • In year 2010, Vijayawada was considered as most unsafe city for women (according to NCRB’s annual report 2010) ZPD has failed to address these issues, which needed to be considered in revised master plan. These issues are discussed in detail in further slides. School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  8. 8.  Case areas Environmental related Build form related Case area 1: Encroachments on Indrakiladri and Winchipet Hill Case area 2 : Bundameru Flood bank Crime related Case area :3 Auto Nagar School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  9. 9.  Case area 1: Encroachments on Indrakiladri and Winchipet Hill • • Major commercial centre of the city The hill is about 250m high and the encroachments is till 180m • Encroachment on the hills Encroached area profile Encroachment Population 2.87 Total Household s 1646 Occupation Formal and informal activities at one town Housing Typology Indrakiladri Hill 2294 p/ Area • Narrow streets 6584 Population Density Landslide areas Mix of kucha and semi pucca Winchipet Hill • Improper electric lines Indrakiladri Hill One Town Railway station • Problems in parking School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada Source: primary survey 2013
  10. 10.  Case area 2: Bundameru Flood plain Area Profile • Lack of sanitation facilities • Sewerage discharge channels open into the river, leading to polluting the river 1780 Population Density 2119 p/ Area 0.84 Total Households 445 Occupation • Encroachments along the river bank narrow down the natural passage of the river Population Formal and informal activities at Besent Rd Housing Typology Mix of kucha and semi pucca houses Settlements along Bundameru river 2009 flood affected area of Bundameru School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  11. 11.  Case area 3: Auto Nagar • Less lighting and absence of activities at night • Dominance of land-use [industrial area-active during day but turns off by the evening] • Abutting land-uses alongside road. [vacant area, big walls, bushes and weeds for long interval] Reported crime in the area • Deserted situation during nights 2011 2012 Harassment, eveteasing & attacks 35 55 Chain-snatching 9 16 Rape cases Auto Nagar Industrial area Crime against women 1 0 Source: patamata police station 100 ft rd Bandar rd School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada • lack of street lights
  12. 12. School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada
  13. 13. SUGGESTIONS: • Mixed land-uses has to be proposed on the peripheral areas. • All streets in crime prone areas must provide proper lighting in night. • Land-use along railway line has to be carefully addressed. • Improving public transportation, especially in peripheral areas. • Feminist angle of thinking has to be intrude at local level planning has to be the one of the objectives to achieve the aim of safe city. TO BE INCLUDED: Areas prone to crime, Crime against children and old age group School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada