Nowhere in the Constitution does it say that US Supreme Court justices have to be lawyers or have any legal training. In fact, several justices in the court's history had never attended law school. James Byrnes, on the court from 1941 to 1942, had little formal education and never attended college.
How will the nation be reformed? What should be done with those who rebelled? Can the devastated South be rebuilt?
What will be done with the almost 4 million new citizens who have been freed from slavery? How will they adapt to freedom? What will the government do to help these people? What will their legal rights be?
“ The trail of war is visible throughout the valley in burnt up gin-houses, ruined bridges, mills, and factories, of which latter the gable walls only are left standing, and in large tracts of once cultivated land stripped of every vestige of fencing. . . .”
“ All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”