Slave Society and Abolitionism By: Francisco Hour 5
Slave Trade Banned
The slave trade was banned in 1808 and smugglers were charged with death.
This did not affect slave population.
By reproduction, the enslaved black population rose by 4 million people.
By 1860, there were around 250,000 freed blacks in the Southern United States.
Usually, if they were in the upper South, that meant they were freed on the principle that “all men are created equal”. If they were from the lower South they were usually mulattoes, children of a black mother and white father.
Blacks were forbidden to work in certain areas, in most states weren’t allowed to vote, and also they were not allowed to go to public school in other places.
In the North, the blacks were hated by the Irish. This is because they would compete with them for jobs.
The “Anti-Black” feeling was different in each region. In the North, the race was loved but the individual was hated, while in the South, the race was hated but the individual was loved.
American Colonization Society
The American Colonization Society was created in 1817.
This was to transport Blacks to Africa.
This wasn’t really effective because most slaves by the 1860’s were native-born African Americans and didn’t want to go to a strange society. (Republic of Liberia)
Works Against Slavery
Theodore Dwight Weld was a leader in the abolitionist movement and published American Slavery As It Is.
William Lloyd Garrison published The Liberator and it is considered to be one of the first shots in the Civil War.
David Walker was a black abolitionist that published Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World. In this he stated that it would take a bloody battle to end white supremacy.
An escaped slave.
He was an adviser to Lincoln in the Civil War.
Despite being abused, he spoke against slavery. (American Anti-Slavery Society)
His autobiography is titled The Narrative of Frederick Douglass.
He was behind the Liberty Party in 1840, The Free Soil Party in 1848, and the Republican Party in the 1850’s.
Southerners never liked the abolitionist movement and repeatedly attacked it.
They campaigned about the good of slavery making claims that they civilized, educated, and gave a religion to the slaves, thus making them happy.
They pointed out how blacks were mistreated in the north while that wasn’t the case in the south.
Abolitionist speeches caused fights and arguments in the North.
William Lloyd Garrison was dragged around in Boston by an angry mob.
With so many abolitionist ideals interjected, the idea started to take over the region.