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Ethnic Minorities in America 2016
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slavery and the civil rights movement 2016

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This lecture is about slavery and the civil rights movement. The history of African Americans is retraced from the early slave trade through the emancipation proclamation to the present day.

slavery and the civil rights movement 2016

  2. 2. Slavery
  3. 3. Slave Trade
  4. 4.  Between 1525 and 1866 12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World.  10.7 million survived the dreaded Middle Passage.  They disembarked in North America, the Caribbean and South America.  They were brought by English and French Traders. Slave Trade
  5. 5. Slave Trade
  6. 6.  Slaves were brought to work in lucrative crops such as tobacco  Most of them worked in the plantations of the south. Slavery
  7. 7.  According to the constitution, they were second-rate human beings  For representation purposes, a black slave was counted as 3/5th of a white man 1787 : The 3/5th Compromise
  8. 8. The American Civil War 1861 - 1865 Origins  The North was in favor of abolishing slavery  The South relied on slaves for most of its economy opposed abolition The War  The war lasted only 5 years, but caused about 600,000 deaths in both camps The Outcome  The war ended the debate over slavery that had divided North and South since the drafting of the Constitution in 1787
  9. 9. The 13th 14th and 15th Amendments  1865 - The 13th Amendment officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery to this day.  1868 - The 14th Amendment citizenship to African Americans.  1870 -The 15TH Amendment Right to vote.
  10. 10. The Civil Rights Movement
  11. 11. The Civil Rights Movement • The Movement Begins Nearly 100 years after the Civil War • The 1960s were called the civil rights decade • Anti-discrimination organizations:  - The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured people NAACP - - The National Urban League NUL  - The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee SNCC
  12. 12.  The civil rights of African Americans were limited by state laws and discrimination.  In the early 1950s, segregation was legal.  An Alabama law said that African Americans had to sit at the back of the bus. Civil Rights
  13. 13.  In 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to move to the back of a bus. She was arrested.  African Americans boycotted the buses until buses were desegregated. Black Residents Walking, Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
  14. 14.  Martin Luther King Jr. helped lead the boycott. He believed in nonviolent protest.  He wanted people to fight back using peaceful actions.  In 1954, the Supreme Court ordered the desegregation of public schools.  In 1956, the Supreme Court said that segregation on buses was illegal. Civil Rights Victories
  15. 15. Civil Rights Victories  In 1960, African Americans held sit- ins in 54 cities.  They sat at lunch counters that only served food to white people. They would not leave until they were served.  In 1963, Congress was discussing a bill to end segregation.
  16. 16.  Martin Luther King Jr. and other leaders organized a protest march in Washington, D.C., to show support for the bill.  The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned segregation in schools, at work, and in public places.  Affirmative action: minorities granted opportunities for higher education and employment  Busing to promote desegregation Civil Rights Victories
  17. 17. MLK ASSASSINATION  In 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot by confirmed racist and small-time criminal named James Ray  Many at that time feared it would be the end of the strategy of nonviolence
  18. 18. SEPARATISTS  Along with non-violent protest the rise of separatist movements:  Nation of Islam & its leader(s) Louis Farrakhan & Malcolm X  Blamed for advocating black supremacy and described as a hate group.
  19. 19. Not yet equal…  African-Americans high dropout rate  Glass ceiling: discrimination prevents them from the top positions  Hit twice as hard by unemployment  Inner cities: violence and crime widespread  Leading cause of death of young black male is murder (often by other black teenagers from rival gangs)  Half inmates of American prisons are black  Housing segregation leads to poor social integration
  • HnrNouri

    Dec. 2, 2017
  • rihabat

    Mar. 6, 2017
  • RashaaToure

    Apr. 10, 2016

This lecture is about slavery and the civil rights movement. The history of African Americans is retraced from the early slave trade through the emancipation proclamation to the present day.


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