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Black History Month Presentation


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Presentation to Oakes 5th Grade Social Studies Class
Oakes, North Dakota
Feb. 24, 2011

Published in: Education
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Black History Month Presentation

  1. 1. Black History Month Presentation to Oakes, ND 5 th Grade Social Studies Class Feb. 24, 2011
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Black History Month is observed each February & celebrates achievements of African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>In February 1926, a man by the name of Dr. Carter G. Woodson proposed the establishment of &quot;Negro History Week&quot; to honor the history and contributions of African Americans to American life. </li></ul>Dr. Carter G. Woodson
  3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Dr. Woodson, known as the &quot;Father of Black History&quot;, chose the second week of February because it commemorates the birthdays of two men who greatly affected the African American community: Abraham Lincoln (February 12) and Frederick Douglass (February 14). Negro History Week became Black History Week in the early 1970's. In 1976, the week-long observance was expanded to a month in honor of the nation's bicentennial. </li></ul>Abraham Lincoln Fredrick Douglas
  4. 4. Abolitionists <ul><li>Frederick Douglass escaped from slavery and spoke around the country and Europe about the evils of slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Harriet Tubman escaped slavery and then went back South to help many slaves escape to freedom on the Underground Railroad. </li></ul>Harriet Tubman Frederick Douglass
  5. 5. Civil Rights Leaders <ul><li>Rosa Parks is called the “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”. One day after working hard at her job, she was riding the bus home. There were laws that black people couldn’t sit where they wanted on the bus – they had to sit in the back. The bus driver asked her to give up her seat so a white man could sit down. Rosa said “no” and was taken to jail. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Civil Rights Leaders <ul><li>Martin Luther King was a Baptist preacher in Montgomery, Alabama. He led a boycott of the city bus system and this led to the civil rights movement. He dedicated his life to achieving equality and justice for all Americans of all colors. King believed that peaceful protest was the best way to bring about social change. Martin Luther King was assassinated in 1968. </li></ul>Martin Luther King
  7. 7. Inventors <ul><li>Elijah McCoy invented a device for oiling steam engines in 1872. The term “the real McCoy” is believed to be a reference about the reliability of Elijah McCoy’s invention. </li></ul><ul><li>Garrett Augustus Morgan invented the first stop light. He sold his invention to General Electric Company. He also invented the gas mask that solders in WWI used. </li></ul>Elijah McCoy Garrett Morgan
  8. 8. Scientists <ul><li>Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the first open heart surgery in 1893. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Mae Jemison was the first black woman in space in 1992. She traveled in the spaceship Endeavor. </li></ul>Mae Jemison Daniel Hale Williams
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hank Aaron is a famous baseball player. In 1974, he beat Babe Ruth’s home run record of 715 home runs. Hank held the record for 755 home runs for over 30 years. </li></ul>Athletes
  10. 10. Athletes <ul><li>Jesse Owens was a track and field athlete. He represented the USA at the 1936 Olympic Games held in Nazi Germany. Owens won four gold medals and set a world record in the long jump. Hitler left the stadium to avoid having to congratulate an African-American. </li></ul>Jesse Owens
  11. 11. Marissa’s Family
  12. 12. 1850 Census <ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation – Jan. 1, 1863, executive order by President Lincoln freeing 3 million slaves in our country. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1880 Census
  14. 14. Little Africa & The Industrial Revolution <ul><li>Textile plants hired recently freed slaves because they were skilled with their hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedmen landed jobs with the railroad & built tracks from Virginia to Atlanta, Georgia. </li></ul><ul><li>Tom & Harriet Vernon purchased land in Spartanburg Co., SC, an area known as “Little Africa”. </li></ul><ul><li>Marissa’s family still owns this land over 100 years later! </li></ul>
  15. 15. Laurens Co. (SC) Race Riot of 1870 <ul><li>With the freed slaves beginning to prosper, members of the Ku Klux Klan began to terrorize them. </li></ul><ul><li>Things got so bad that a white legislator, Joseph Crews, gave weapons to the blacks to they could defend themselves. That was a very brave and controversial thing to do! </li></ul><ul><li>3 days before the 1870 election, groups of blacks & whites gathered at the Laurens Co. Courthouse. Shots were fired and several blacks were killed. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1870 Laurens Co. Race Riot <ul><li>For a year, the KKK terrorized blacks in Laurens & Spartanburg Counties. Many people were beaten, including Marissa’s ancestor Thomas Vernon. </li></ul><ul><li>President Ulysses Grant invoked martial law & sent in the military to restore order. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials were held against KKK members and Thomas Vernon is listed in the testimony as one of the men who had been whipped. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>Black History Month is a time to remember our past and celebrate the many achievements of African-Americans! </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube Video: </li></ul>