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# Principles of design

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### Principles of design

1. 1. Principles of Design What is Design?
2. 2. Design- arrangement of details whichmake up a piece of art (2 types) Structural Design  Simple  Purpose of object is easily recognized  Ex. Pyramids, modern furniture Decorative Design  Ornamentation of a basic structure
3. 3. Principles Of Design5 principles  Proportion/ Scale  Balance  Rhythm  Emphasis  Harmony/ Unity
4. 4. Proportion Isthe relationship of objects to one another and to the design as a whole  Golden Rectangle  Sides are in proportion of 2 parts to 3 • 2:3; 3:5; 5:8; 8:13; ____:____  Rectangle is best  Square is least pleasing
5. 5. Proportion continued…..  Golden Section  Division of a line is between ½ and 1/3 the distance from one end  Golden Mean  Odd numbers are more pleasing than even
6. 6. Scale Overall size of an object compared with other objects Consider texture, color & pattern Pictures at eye level Special scale for particular areas  Children’s room
7. 7. Scale  What is wrong w/ the ex. on top?  Whatis different about the bottom ex.
8. 8. Balance quality of a room that gives a sense of equilibrium2 types of balance  Symmetrical  Asymmetrical
9. 9. Balance Symmetrical (formal balance)  Identical objects arranged identically on each side of an imaginary line  Conveys dignity and quiet  Can be monotonous
10. 10. Balance Asymmetrical  Different shapes arranged differently on each side of imaginary line  Remains interesting for a longer period of time  2 small things balance 1 large
11. 11. Balance
12. 12. Rhythm Helps move the eye from one area to another creates motion 4 types  repetition  gradation  transition  radiation
13. 13. Rhythm- Repetition repeat color, pattern, texture, line or form
14. 14. Rhythm- Gradation Large to small Dark to light When objects increase or decrease in size, the eye follows the line created
15. 15. Rhythm-Opposition Lines come together at right angles Example: door jamb, picture frame
16. 16. Rhythm- Transition curved lines, flow
17. 17. Rhythm- Radiation anobject extending outward from a central location
18. 18. Emphasis Shows what is important Focal point Center or interest
19. 19. Harmony/ Unity common denominator that pulls everything together all the principles combined create a unified design/ space
20. 20. Principles of Design - Project Supplies needed:  Folderwith brads  Handouts from Mrs. Jez  Scissors  Glue  Markers  Magazines  An eye for design!!!!!!!