CHILD ABUSE 13,700 children are
abused and neglected
IS THIS CHILD ABUSE?
1. A girl is slapped for screaming at her mother; the slap stings, but leaves no lasting
mark or pain.
2. A boy is punished in a way that requires stitches.
3. A father burns his daughter’s palms with a lighted cigarette when he finds her
4. A mother is careless and spills scalding coffee on her daughter, who is seriously
5. A boy’s arm is broken after wrestling with his father for sport.
6. A girl is spanked so hard she is badly bruised, but the father says he did not mean
to hurt her.
7. A boy is grounded for a week for a minor offense.
Is there a difference between child abuse and punishment?
Where do we draw the line?
The United States has one of the worst
records among industrialized nations –
losing on average between four and seven
children every day to child abuse and
Approximately 70% of children that die
from abuse are under the age of 4
Fatalities due to maltreatment are not
recorded as such on death certificates.
689 babies are born with inadequate
prenatal care every day.
•More than 90% of juvenile sexual abuse victims know their
perpetrator in some way.
•Child abuse occurs at every socioeconomic level, across
ethnic and cultural lines, within all religions and at all levels
•About 30% of abused and neglected children will later
abuse their own children, continuing the horrible cycle of
•In at least one study, about 80% of 21 year olds that were
abused as children met criteria for at least one
•The estimated annual cost of child abuse and neglect in
the United States for 2008 is $124 billion.
•14% of all men in prison and 36% of women in prison in the USA were abused as
children, about twice the frequency seen in the general population.
•Children who experience child abuse & neglect are about 9 times more likely to
become involved in criminal activity.
•Abused children are 25% more likely to experience teen pregnancy. 5
•Abused teens are more likely to engage in sexual risk taking, putting them at
greater risk for STDs. 5
•One-third to two-thirds of child maltreatment cases involve substance use to some
•In one study, children whose parents abuse alcohol and other drugs were three
times more likely to be abused and more than four times more likely to be
neglected than children from non-abusing families. 11
•As many as two-thirds of the people in treatment for drug abuse reported being
abused or neglected as children. 9
•More than a third of adolescents with a report of abuse or neglect will have a
substance use disorder before their 18th birthday, three times as likely as those
without a report of abuse or neglect.12
IN TEXAS …
Child Population 6,584,709
264,342 initial intakes alleging
abuse/neglect by CPS (Child Protective
1863 CPS Caseworkers - responsible for
64,366 children and teens were
confirmed victims of child abuse and
Texas has the most fatalities from child
abuse and neglect and ranks last in per
capita spending on child-abuse
280 child abuse/neglect related fatalities
In 2013 the number of
deaths were 156 children
to child abuse, with 14
dying in foster care
In 2012, there were 200
In 2011, there were 280
Parental behavior such as- rejecting,
or isolating a child that causes, or is likely to cause, serious
impairment of the physical, social, mental, or emotional capacities of
Physical indicators of emotional abuse: speech disorders, lags in
physical development, failure to thrive.
habit disorders (sucking, biting, rocking),
conduct disorders (withdrawal,
sleep disorders or inhibition of play,
behavior extremes (aggressive or passive).
injury of a child
that leaves marks,
scars, bruises, or
burns, human bites,
wary of physical contact with adults,
behavioral extremes (aggressive or withdrawn),
frightened of parents,
afraid to go home,
lying (a sign that expectations in the home are
failure of parents or caretakers to provide
needed, age appropriate care including food,
clothing, shelter, protection from harm, and
supervision appropriate to the child’s
development, hygiene, and medical care.
Physical indicators of neglect: constant hunger,
poor hygiene, excessive sleepiness, lack of
appropriate supervision, unattended physical
problems or medical needs, abandonment,
inappropriate clothing fro weather conditions.
Any inappropriate sexual exposure or touch by an adult to
a child or an older child to a younger child. This includes,
but is not limited to: fondling, sexual intercourse, sexual
assault, rape, date rape, incest, child prostitution,
exposure, and pornography. It does not matter whether
the victim was forced or tricked into any of the above, it is
considered sexual abuse.
Physical indicators of sexual abuse: difficulty in walking or
sitting, torn, stained, or bloody underclothing, pain or
itching in genital area, bruises or bleeding in rectal/genital
area, venereal disease.
BEHAVIORAL INDICATORS OF
age-inappropriate sexual knowledge/sexual touch,
abrupt change in personality,
poor peer relationships,
unwilling to change for gym or participate in
promiscuous behavior/seductive behavior,
drop in school performance/decline in school
regressive behavior (i.e., bed wetting)
SEXUAL ASSAULT OF
CHILDREN Convicted rape and sexual assault offenders serving
time in state prisons report that two-thirds of their
victims were under the age of 18.
Among rape victims less than 12 years of age, 93%
of the children knew the offender, according to
police-recorded incident data.
Frequently, the person who sexually molests a child
is also a child. (under 18)
THREE MAJOR COMPONENTS
OF CHILD ABUSE
WITH THE CHILD
An unwanted child
A child that is different, has some sort of special need
A crying, irritable child
A hyperactive child
A child that reminds the parent or someone they do not like
A low birth-weight child
WITH THE PARENT
Abused as a child
Spouse is gone much of
Alcohol or other drugs.
Husband uninvolved and
Stress of unemployment
Other stresses of any kind.
Never discipline your child when your anger is out
Participate in your child’s activities and get to know
your child’s friends.
Never leave your child unattended, especially in
Teach your child the difference between “good
touches,” “bad touches” and “confusing touches.”
When your child tells you he or she doesn’t want to
be with someone, this could be a red flag. Listen to
them and believe what they say.
Be aware of changes in your child’s behavior or
attitude, and inquire into it.
Teach your child what to do if you and your child
become separated while away from home.
Teach your child the correct names of his/her
private body parts.
Be alert for any talk that reveals premature
Pay attention when someone shows greater than
normal interest in your child.
Make certain your child’s school or day care
center will release him/her only to you or
someone you officially designate.
REPORTING OF ABUSE
Nine in 10 Americans polled regard child abuse as a serious
problem, yet only 1 in 3 reported abuse when confronted
with an actual situation.
WHAT TO DO.
Be open and understanding.
Don’t try to conduct an investigation yourself.
If the child tells you of the sexual abuse immediately after it occurred, DO
NOT bathe the child, or wash or change his or her clothes.
Let the child talk as much as he or she wishes.
Understand that the child is probably having mixed feelings.
Believe the child.
Explain what you will do next to help them.
REPORTING THE ABUSE
YOU MUST CONTACT CPS. Under Texas
Law, ANYONE who suspects child abuse of
any type must contact CPS.