Infant needs feeding


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Infant needs feeding

  1. 1. Infant Feeding
  2. 2. Food Options 1-6 months breast milk or formula  Ability to swallow solid food is not fully developed  Digestive system immature  Solids given too early may cause allergy or intolerance problems  Too much sodium too early can increase chance for high blood pressure as an adult  Too many calories can cause overweight babies
  3. 3. Food Options 6-12 months solid foods  Introduce one type of food at a time  Wait 4-5 days to introduce another  Watch for allergies
  4. 4. Breastfeeding Benefits for Baby  Promotes bonding with mother  Soothes infant  Contains chemicals that soothe and endorphins that suppress pain.  Decreases incidence and/or severity of  Diarrhea  Lower respiratory infection  Ear infections  Bacterial meningitis  Botulism  Asthma  Urinary tract infection  Good for brain development  Some studies show breastfed babies have a higher IQ than bottle fed babies  Over-feeding or force feeding is impossible  Decreases risk of obesity later in life  Easily digested  Helps jaw and teeth develop properly  Breastfed babies use 60 times more energy to get milk  Decreases risk of breast cancer of female babies  25% lower risk  Aids in development of infant’s immune system  Colostrum is high in protein and antibody content. Antibodies protect the infant from disease and boost the immune system.  Less likely to cause allergic reactions
  5. 5. Breastfeeding Benefits for Mom  Earlier return to pre-pregnant weight  Mother uses 1000 extra calories per day (pound equals 3500)  Releases hormone oxytocin that stimulates contraction of uterus, and help with “baby blues”  Promotes less bleeding after birth  Promotes improved bone structure after birth  Convenient and free  Reduce risk of ovarian cancer and premenopausal breast cancer  Environmental friendly  Infants produce less offensive bowel movements to change
  6. 6. Foods to avoid Choking hazards  Berries  Small candy  Raw carrots  Whole kernel corn  Grapes and raisins  Hot dogs sliced in rounds (rounds should be quartered  Pretzels  Nuts and peanut butter  Whole kernel cooked corn and popcorn
  7. 7. Foods to Avoid Too much sugar  Cake, in excess  Candy, in excess  Cookies, in excess
  8. 8. Foods to Avoid Too much sodium  Saltine crackers, in excess Little or no nutritional value  Artificially flavored fruit drinks  Soft drinks Hard to digest  Yeast or unpasteurized yogurt
  9. 9. Foods to Avoid Stimulants  Coffee  Tea  Soft drinks with caffeine  Cocoa (hot chocolate) Depressant  alcohol
  10. 10. Baby Food Jar  Look for pull date  Listen/look for safety button  Put food portion in bowl  Don’t feed from jar  Bacteria growth
  11. 11. Baby Food continued…. Food should be room temperature Refrigerate unused portion  Use within 2 days
  12. 12. Weaning Taking the infant off the bottle or breast Must be gradual At one year-cow’s milk Drop one feeding for 3-4 days, then another Start 9-12 months, finish by 18 months
  13. 13. Spoon Feeding Extrusion reflex until 16-18 weeks  Tongue thrusts forward when touched  Won’t open mouth when sees spoon until 5 months old  May reject food if not offered by 8-9 months  Babies don’t need more nutrients than breast milk or formula until they are 13-15 lbs.  Don’t have enzymes or saliva needed for digestion of solid foods
  14. 14. Self Feeding Finger foods