Robot World: How Cyber Physical
Systems are Changing Human-
Machine Operations
International Society for Performance
Impro...
Twitter
#radicalplatypus
@radicalplatypus
Prologue
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
“What are we
going to do to
change the world
today?”
–Duk...
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
Robot World: How Cyber Physical
Systems are Changing Human-
Machine Operations
International Society for Performance
Impro...
In 1965, 49 years ago, Gordon Moore
of Intel famously proclaimed that
silicon density, the number of
transistors on comput...
http://www.arraycomm.com/pcct/coopers_law.htm
The number of conversations (voice and data)
conducted over a given area, in...
http://cdn1.tnwcdn.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/2014/01/79493994-786x305.jpg
http://bilder2.n-tv.de/img/incoming/origs12096381/1162732377-w1000-
h960/Hand-holding-zoomed-in.jpg
Antenna
Sensor
Control...
http://media.tested.com/uploads/0/5/5698-augmented_reality_wired_super.jpg
http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054
VIDEO...
http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054
http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054
26
http://research.gigaom.com/report/the-quantified-self-hacking-the-body-for-better-health-and-
performance/
http://www.industrytap.com/robotic-red-blood-cells-to-vastly-expand-human-capabilities/3656
Robotic Red Blood
Cells To Vas...
28
http://news.yahoo.com/human-cyborg-mcdonald-employees-assaulted-wearing-gear-210139320.html
Each major period in
history takes its
character from the
medium of
communication used
most widely at the
time.
Marshall M...
Strategy of Technology
Cyber-Physical Defense
Network Learning 2.0
Jim Brazell
jim@armour.io
Speaker Site: ventureramp.com...
“The last economic
technology wave, the post-
industrial era, marked by
the computer, network,
and information
technology ...
2003
Age of
Robotics
Input to production
– knowledge via
cyber physical
computing
processes
Cyber Physical
Information Age...
D. Tesar Résumé/References
Tesar has been involved in machine system
development for 55 years, has graduated 64
Ph.D.s and...
High Impact / Big Ideas
D. Tesar, UTexas, Austin, March 29, 2012
This is a compendium of major technical developments with...
http://s.wsj.net/public/resources/images/OB-YD375_NavyDr_G_20130710114432.jpg
Brian Handwerk
for National Geographic, PUBLISHED DECEMBER 2, 2013
We all know drones can deliver death on the battlefield...
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/u-s-navy-tests-new-unmanned-missile-
firing-boat-article-1.1197475
http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2009/03/11/article-0-03D6DCEA000005DC-455_468x306.jpg
http://tctechcrunch2011.files.wordpre...
http://31.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m5lfkgVuoP1r8ybi3o1_1280.jpg
The Future
is Here
Robots are now
fundamental to how we
live, work, and play in
the 21st century.
www.tstc.edu
3rd Gen
Computer
Communication and
Control of Information
4th Gen
Computer
Communication and
Process Control
(Robotics/Cyb...
(Harbor Research, 2003)
(Harbor Research, 2003)
1994 - 2004
(Harbor Research, 2003)
(Harbor Research, 2003)
2004 - 2014
(Harbor Research, 2003)
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
My daughter’s first computer at age 1 hour.
54
http://seekingalpha.com/article/1938861-intel-edison-powers-up-wearable-
computing-and-the-internet-of-things
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/baby-monitor-hacked-spies-on-texas-child/
Electronics Actuators
SoftwareComputer
ROBOT
Cyber Physical Systems
Robotic systems extend computer control to monitor and...
Robots are machines
that replace human
decisions or actions.
http://img9.joyreactor.com/pics/post/gif-cats-iRobot-vacuum-cleaner-278519.gif
http://www.gadgetspage.com/wp-
McDonalds Robotic Soda Fountain
http://www.p9.com.tw/Upload/FTBImages/news_102/12/PicoBrew
RobotBeerfromPicoView
http://ces.cnet.com/2300-31045_1-10002192-9.html?s=0&o=10002192
Chevy Volt
/robonaut.jsc.nasa.gov/iss/#issmission
Think beyond walking, talking robots.
http://www.ufunk.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/neurowear-mico-2.jpg
http://static.neuerdings.com/1363239348/neurowear-mic...
http://www.tek-lado.com/wp-content/uploads/Necomimi-on-Sale-600x393.jpg
Shippo’s Neurowear
http://neurogadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Necomimi-successor-Shippo-brain-controlled-tail-Neurowear-e1348342289528...
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber-Operational Tech
Social
Cognitive
Virtual
World
Physical
World
5th World
What’s beyond social media?
71
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.waki
ngapp.zombiegame
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=net.peterd.zombierun
Social
Cognitive
Artificial
World
Natural
World
Privacy: Bradley University & National
Bureau of Standards
5th World
Psych...
We are here
Post-Industrial
Social Institutions
STEM/robotics is
facilitating transformation
of:
Work
Education
Family
Law...
April 15, 2015 – “Similar to the need of the United States’
computing industry to collaborate in the 1980’s to enhance
sem...
Strategy of Technology
Cyber-Physical Defense
Network Learning 2.0
Jim Brazell
jim@armour.io
Speaker Site: ventureramp.com...
Cloud 2.0: Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber physical systems are at the heart of
the design, manufacture, installation,
operat...
Source: Harbor
Research, 2003
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber Physical Critical Infrastructure
Emergency services, telecom, energy,
law enforcement, fire departments,
utilities, ...
Utilities
A California study indicates that peak-rate usage can be shaved by 20 percent if utilities
used Automated Meter ...
SwRI, Patent thin-nickel-strip magneto-strictive sensor (MsS™).
Applicable to airplanes, ships, plants, pipelines and brid...
Telematics
http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.html
http://www.teradyne-ds.com/telematics/telematics01a...
…Health
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber-Operational Tech
Free Flow
of Society
Learning,
play, art…
ttp://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.html
ttp://www.roadtraffic-technology.com/contractors/traffic_man/el...
August 5, 2014 – “Reminiscent of 911 attacks, fires blaze
in Texas cyber attack. Emergency operations are underway
as two ...
http://www.tradingmarkets.com/featured_contributors/how-to-manage-investment-information-overload-
1583594.html
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
Cloud 2.0:
Cyber
Control of
Operational
Technology
SystemsCloud:
Cyber Systems
Technology
Transformation
April 15, 2015 – The purpose of the Texas Cybersecurity Institute is to: (1)
enable cyber physical systems security and co...
Strategy of Technology
Cyber-Physical Defense
Network Learning 2.0
Jim Brazell
jim@armour.io
Speaker Site: ventureramp.com...
Digital Warrior & Joe Medic
2004-2006
DMC Lab Project: Medical Leadership
Trainer - Scenario Authoring Engine
“Joe Medic”
UT Austin DMC and Fort
Sam Houston AME...
Marriage of Real World
Systems, Simulation, Ed
Tech and Assessment
Games Transmedia 2004
Games Transmedia 2004
Games
for…
Games for
Health
Games for
Change
Learning
Games
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
MS Flight Simulator 10
Procedural
Fidelity
Mixed Reality
Fail-Safe
Evolution of Technologies of Learning
Adapted from Tapscott 1998
Forward Observer
Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle
Cloud 2.0:
Cyber
Control of
Operational
Technology
SystemsCloud:
Cyber Systems
Technology
Transformation
2003
Age of
Robotics
Input to production
– artificial labor and
artificial
intelligence
Cyber PhysicalInformation Age
Inpu...
“The last economic
technology wave, the post-
industrial era, marked by
the computer, network,
and information
technology ...
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber-Operational Tech
121
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.waki
ngapp.zombiegame
…Health
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber-Operational Tech
Free Flow
of Society
Learning,
play, art…
Source: Harbor
Research, 2003
Cyber Physical Systems
Cyber-Operational Technology
We are here
Post-Industrial
Social Institutions
STEM/robotics is
facilitating transformation
of:
Work
Education
Family
Law...
http://www.p9.com.tw/Upload/FTBImages/news_102/12/PicoBrew
RobotBeerfromPicoView
What message
and image will
you leave for
future
generations?
http://www.frontal-labs.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Recog...
Social
Cognitive
Artificial
World
Natural
World
Privacy: Bradley University & National
Bureau of Standards
5th World
Psych...
http://cdn1.tnwcdn.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/2014/01/79493994-786x305.jpg
A wide array of electrical components, including sensors, transistors, power supplies
such as solar cells and wireless ant...
We are here
World View
STEM is facilitating
transformation of:
Time
Place
Geography
Identity
Subjectivity
Values
Beliefs
C...
America’s Army, ITSEC, 2006
http://www.tradingmarkets.com/featured_contributors/how-to-manage-investment-information-overload-
1583594.html
What is the founding chapter of the International
Society for Performance Improvement’s
responsibility to the future today...
Each major period in
history takes its
character from the
medium of
communication used
most widely at the
time.
Marshall M...
Strategy of Technology
Cyber-Physical Defense
Network Learning 2.0
Jim Brazell
jim@armour.io
Speaker Site: ventureramp.com...
ISPI and San
Antonio Mission
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
http://www-public.slac.stanford.edu/geant4/G4SUW2014/Images/nasa-mars-art-manned-mission.jpg
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
“The first person
to walk on mars
will be from San
Antoni...
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
One Platform for
Simulation, Training,
Operations, and Live
Performance Support
(Tele-Mentoring)
Brigade /
Battalion
DARPA Command Post of the
Future
Brigade /
Battalion
Corp/Division Corp/Division
JTF/JFLCC
144
What is STEM?
STEM is a force acting on society resulting in change to the
structure, flow, and composition of identit...
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
Marriage of Visual
Fidelity, Procedural
Fidelity & Mixed Reality
Ispi mission
http://www.armour.io
Robot World: How Cyber Physical
Systems are Changing Human-
Machine Operations
International Society for Performance
Impro...
What is STEM in the context of P-20 Education Practice?
STEM is transformation by design. STEM is transformation of social...
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,
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8.27.2014, Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human-Machine Operations,

  1. 1. Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human- Machine Operations International Society for Performance Improvement, Founding Chapter, San Antonio, TX, August 27, 2014 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  2. 2. Twitter #radicalplatypus @radicalplatypus
  3. 3. Prologue http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  4. 4. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  5. 5. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  6. 6. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  7. 7. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  8. 8. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  9. 9. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  10. 10. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  11. 11. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  12. 12. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  13. 13. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality “What are we going to do to change the world today?” –Duke Kane
  14. 14. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission
  15. 15. Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human- Machine Operations International Society for Performance Improvement, Founding Chapter, San Antonio, TX, August 27, 2014 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  16. 16. In 1965, 49 years ago, Gordon Moore of Intel famously proclaimed that silicon density, the number of transistors on computer chips, would double approximately every two years. In effect, “Moore’s Law” is the platform upon which U.S. and global wealth creation has been built since the Apollo program. A new technology wave has emerged that is changing everything we know, or think we know about business and technology in the world driven by the intersection of [operational technology and cyberspace]. Forthcoming, Connected World Magazine, October 2014 Apollo Image Source: NASA
  17. 17. http://www.arraycomm.com/pcct/coopers_law.htm The number of conversations (voice and data) conducted over a given area, in all of the useful radio spectrum has doubled every 2.5 years for the last 110 years since Marconi, 1895. Martin Cooper’s Law
  18. 18. http://cdn1.tnwcdn.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/2014/01/79493994-786x305.jpg
  19. 19. http://bilder2.n-tv.de/img/incoming/origs12096381/1162732377-w1000- h960/Hand-holding-zoomed-in.jpg Antenna Sensor Controller Capacitor
  20. 20. http://media.tested.com/uploads/0/5/5698-augmented_reality_wired_super.jpg
  21. 21. http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054 VIDEO - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCJNPd-HYiM#t=19
  22. 22. http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054
  23. 23. http://nikeinc.com/news/nike-unveils-revolutionary-nike-experience-for-basketball-and-training-athletes#/inline/8054
  24. 24. 26 http://research.gigaom.com/report/the-quantified-self-hacking-the-body-for-better-health-and- performance/
  25. 25. http://www.industrytap.com/robotic-red-blood-cells-to-vastly-expand-human-capabilities/3656 Robotic Red Blood Cells To Vastly Expand Human Capabilities By: David Russell Schilling | July 20th, 2013 Abbott Laboratories in North Chicago is currently testing robotic red blood cells or respirocytes in rats. According to a CNN report respirocytes or mechanical red blood cells will augment or replace human red blood cells carrying oxygen to the body and enhancing mental and physical performance. Respirocytes will be built using “molecular assemblers”, a kind of molecular printing process, in nano-factories.
  26. 26. 28 http://news.yahoo.com/human-cyborg-mcdonald-employees-assaulted-wearing-gear-210139320.html
  27. 27. Each major period in history takes its character from the medium of communication used most widely at the time. Marshall McLuhan 1911 – 1980
  28. 28. Strategy of Technology Cyber-Physical Defense Network Learning 2.0 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  29. 29. “The last economic technology wave, the post- industrial era, marked by the computer, network, and information technology revolution has now crested and a new economic wave is rising fueled by intelligent machines.” MOORE’S LAW IS TO COMPUTING AS TESAR’S LAW IS TO CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEMS. Forthcoming, Connected World Magazine, October/November 2014 by Jim Brazell and in the American Society for Mechanical Engineers Journal of Robotics and Mechanisms, The Next Wave of Technology, forthcoming 2014-2015.
  30. 30. 2003 Age of Robotics Input to production – knowledge via cyber physical computing processes Cyber Physical Information Age Input to production – knowledge via computers Cyber Birth of a New Economic Age
  31. 31. D. Tesar Résumé/References Tesar has been involved in machine system development for 55 years, has graduated 64 Ph.D.s and 158 Masters, sat on several national panels (Air Force, Army, Space Station, NIST, DOE, etc.), provided several testimonies to Congress, and interfaced with research colleagues throughout the world. He is committed to balancing the technologies for cyber-physical systems and making a strong case to strengthen the mechanicals to participate equally in technical systems development that has high impact on human needs and human choice.
  32. 32. High Impact / Big Ideas D. Tesar, UTexas, Austin, March 29, 2012 This is a compendium of major technical developments with high impact on the discipline of mechanical engineering; cost effective manufacturing of open architecture modular automobiles, robotics, aircraft, surgery systems, etc.; human enhanced performance and expanded human choice; and a family of modular armored vehicles assembled on demand. All of these have the basic building block of the intelligent actuator (to be more important economically than the computer chip in the near future) and machine intelligence to be in balance with human intelligence. Next Wave of Technology (based on Machine Intelligence). We are now passing through the technical wave of computers, electronics, computer chips, and social media. The next wave will use Machine Intelligence (and its extension, Computational Intelligence) to dramatically expand human choice, to open up the architecture of electro-mechanical systems (cyber-physical systems), to assemble these systems on demand (to satisfy the customer on the spot), reduce their cost in terms of a minimum set of highly certified components from a responsive supply chain and do so while improving efficiency, safety, and performance. Intelligent Actuators Actuators drive everything that moves under human command. These standardized modules will be produced as a minimum set to create a maximum population of intelligent system solutions. The concentration of resources will need to exceed that which we now expend on our highly certified computer chips. This market is projected to exceed the computer chip market in twenty years if we meet ever-increasing human needs and respond to human choice. As with computer chips, there will be high, medium, and low-end actuators meeting specific sector needs. Also, this technology is expected to meet a performance wall (as did the computer chip in 2003) in ten years, requiring a generalized actuator architecture to strengthen further development (i.e., equivalent to the multi-core for computer chips). Modular More-Electric Automobiles The closed architecture of our automobiles is why costs are very high (perhaps 2x the true level of benefit) and why the technology is stagnated (a sluggish move towards higher efficiency and safety). Concentration in the U.S. is on power generation (hybrids, batteries, ultracaps, etc.). Almost no concentration (as in Europe, Japan, and China) is occurring for power utilization for enhanced drivability, safety, and efficiency. It is entirely possible to reduce cost by 2x, improve efficiency by 30 to 50%, and enhance safety by 3 to 5x. To do so, we must open up the car’s architecture, separate the body from the chassis, standardize all-wheel drive/suspension actuators, and make the car intelligent in balance with the driver through an enhanced human-machine interface. Human Enhancement/Human Choice Too little in-depth concern exists to self-regulate a person’s capacity to function under stress, to perform complex operations (as a surgeon), to predict patient medical events, and to interface with others in group operating units. Our recent military suicides and rogue actions give us a glimpse of the issue. This should be turned into a positive (i.e., in this case, miniaturized surgical systems for in-body operations, human rehabilitation, orthotics, and improved soldier performance monitoring and visualization). We need to treat the human as a truly complex system which needs further enhancement to maintain their personal well-being, perform higher-valued tasks, reduce human drudgery, and better meet real human needs. Modern Open Architecture Battlefield Systems The military may have 50(+) distinct armored, tactical and transport vehicles in the thousands, each with its own unique monolithic design and little parts commonality to reduce life-cycle cost. This lack of openness makes long-term requirement development very difficult because of more rapidly evolving threats. Refreshment and recapitalization costs go up while performance actually goes down. It is proposed here to create families of vehicles composed of as much commonality of standardized component and system technologies from multiple suppliers as possible (this is feasible for each of the three vehicle classes). This open architecture approach makes refreshment a continuing process; under the decision control of the military’s program office, recapitalization would look forward (not backward) and the performance/cost ratio would continuously improve. Enhanced Aircraft Safety Unfortunately, our present hydraulic control surface actuation subsystem represents a large number of single-point failures (a threat to safety) and the hydraulic technology has long since reached its maximum maturity. It represents valving, pressure reservoirs, tubing, redundancy in control and actuation, and excess weight and maintenance. Further, it is difficult to modernize the system to make it truly intelligent. Here, we propose a whole new generation of fault tolerant/low weight/high performance electro-mechanical actuators to dramatically improve performance and safety while reducing weight and cost. This technology will permit fault avoidance, permit condition-based maintenance, and continuously give a performance assessment to alert ground crews of needed component replacement to result in rapid ground repair turnaround. Standardization in terms of a minimum set of actuators would dramatically reduce cost, reduce the need for a large inventory of spares, and reduce training costs.
  33. 33. http://s.wsj.net/public/resources/images/OB-YD375_NavyDr_G_20130710114432.jpg
  34. 34. Brian Handwerk for National Geographic, PUBLISHED DECEMBER 2, 2013 We all know drones can deliver death on the battlefield, but might they also soon be delivering presents to your door? Amazon.com is counting on it, thanks to the online retail giant's no-longer-secret "Octocopter" package delivery project. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/12/131202-drone-uav-uas-amazon-octocopter-bezos-science-aircraft-unmanned-robot/
  35. 35. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/u-s-navy-tests-new-unmanned-missile- firing-boat-article-1.1197475
  36. 36. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2009/03/11/article-0-03D6DCEA000005DC-455_468x306.jpg http://tctechcrunch2011.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/launching_a_raven_uav.png http://1.bp.blogspot.com/- zenfT8OlHbc/Un5BN89MQkI/AAAAAAAAGYE/3FHFglntqAY/s1600/UAV+- +Black_Hornet_Nano_Helicopter_UAV.jpg http://i.bnet.com/blogs/talon_swords_maars_robots_army.jpg
  37. 37. http://31.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m5lfkgVuoP1r8ybi3o1_1280.jpg The Future is Here
  38. 38. Robots are now fundamental to how we live, work, and play in the 21st century.
  39. 39. www.tstc.edu
  40. 40. 3rd Gen Computer Communication and Control of Information 4th Gen Computer Communication and Process Control (Robotics/Cyber Physical Systems) Computing Shift
  41. 41. (Harbor Research, 2003)
  42. 42. (Harbor Research, 2003) 1994 - 2004
  43. 43. (Harbor Research, 2003)
  44. 44. (Harbor Research, 2003) 2004 - 2014
  45. 45. (Harbor Research, 2003)
  46. 46. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality
  47. 47. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality
  48. 48. My daughter’s first computer at age 1 hour.
  49. 49. 54 http://seekingalpha.com/article/1938861-intel-edison-powers-up-wearable- computing-and-the-internet-of-things
  50. 50. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/baby-monitor-hacked-spies-on-texas-child/
  51. 51. Electronics Actuators SoftwareComputer ROBOT Cyber Physical Systems Robotic systems extend computer control to monitor and manage physical processes.
  52. 52. Robots are machines that replace human decisions or actions.
  53. 53. http://img9.joyreactor.com/pics/post/gif-cats-iRobot-vacuum-cleaner-278519.gif
  54. 54. http://www.gadgetspage.com/wp-
  55. 55. McDonalds Robotic Soda Fountain
  56. 56. http://www.p9.com.tw/Upload/FTBImages/news_102/12/PicoBrew RobotBeerfromPicoView
  57. 57. http://ces.cnet.com/2300-31045_1-10002192-9.html?s=0&o=10002192 Chevy Volt
  58. 58. /robonaut.jsc.nasa.gov/iss/#issmission Think beyond walking, talking robots.
  59. 59. http://www.ufunk.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/neurowear-mico-2.jpg http://static.neuerdings.com/1363239348/neurowear-mico-01.jpg http://www.blogcdn.com/www.engadget.com/media/2013/03/dsc07401.jpg http://sociorocketnewsen.files.wordpress.com/2013/03/screen-shot-2013-03-16-at-9-40-57- am.png?w=580&h=362
  60. 60. http://www.tek-lado.com/wp-content/uploads/Necomimi-on-Sale-600x393.jpg Shippo’s Neurowear
  61. 61. http://neurogadget.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Necomimi-successor-Shippo-brain-controlled-tail-Neurowear-e1348342289528.jpg Shippo brain-controlled tail Neurowear
  62. 62. Cyber Physical Systems Cyber-Operational Tech
  63. 63. Social Cognitive Virtual World Physical World 5th World What’s beyond social media?
  64. 64. 71 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.waki ngapp.zombiegame
  65. 65. https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=net.peterd.zombierun
  66. 66. Social Cognitive Artificial World Natural World Privacy: Bradley University & National Bureau of Standards 5th World Psychology Physiology Philosophy Privacy
  67. 67. We are here Post-Industrial Social Institutions STEM/robotics is facilitating transformation of: Work Education Family Law Health Governance War Political Movements Civil Society Economy
  68. 68. April 15, 2015 – “Similar to the need of the United States’ computing industry to collaborate in the 1980’s to enhance semiconductor manufacturing efficiency, fulfilled by Sematech in Austin, the Department of Information Resources Cybersecurity Council is instrumental in forming the Texas Cybersecurity Institute. Programs are designed to leverage the State’s network of State Agencies, Designated Centers of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance, and the industrial sector with a special emphasis on energy CIP.”
  69. 69. Strategy of Technology Cyber-Physical Defense Network Learning 2.0 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  70. 70. Cloud 2.0: Cyber Physical Systems Cyber physical systems are at the heart of the design, manufacture, installation, operation, and sustainability of private corporate, state, and national infrastructure across the U.S., yet these systems are highly vulnerable to cyber exploitation. The Need for a Transdisciplinary Approach to Security of Cyber Physical Infrastructure, Springer, Book Chapter, 2013, Brazell
  71. 71. Source: Harbor Research, 2003 Cyber Physical Systems
  72. 72. Cyber Physical Critical Infrastructure Emergency services, telecom, energy, law enforcement, fire departments, utilities, public works, medical, industrial facilities, banking and finance, transportation and tourism, federal and municipal services, agriculture and food, and national monuments and icons. The Need for a Transdisciplinary Approach to Security of Cyber Physical Infrastructure, Springer, Book Chapter, 2013, Brazell
  73. 73. Utilities A California study indicates that peak-rate usage can be shaved by 20 percent if utilities used Automated Meter Reading (ARM) for accurate pricing information--each megawatt of reduction can equate to $400,000 in savings per year (Jackson, p. 1) saving California utilities and consumers at least $5 billion a year. http://www.utilitiesproject.com/documents.asp?grID=85&d_ID=2402 More than 25 million AMR units installed on gas (21 percent), water (11 percent), and electric utility (16 percent) meters. 200 million units yet to be changed out to AMR (Jackson).
  74. 74. SwRI, Patent thin-nickel-strip magneto-strictive sensor (MsS™). Applicable to airplanes, ships, plants, pipelines and bridges. US 80 billion square feet of commercial and government facilities and buildings, and more than 100 billion square feet of dams and bridges (Sensametrics). One trillion dollar market (Elgamal). http://www.swri.org/3pubs/ttoday/fall03/Future.htm SwRI MsS™ http://www.swri.edu/3pubs/IRD2002/14-9285.htm Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Market Worth $105.95 Billion by 2018 according to a new Report from Markets and Markets. http://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/critical-infrastructure-protection-cip-market-988.html
  75. 75. Telematics http://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.html http://www.teradyne-ds.com/telematics/telematics01a.htm SwRI Transguide Telematics market to grow at a CAGR of 22.67 percent CAGR percent over the period 2012- 2016 (ResearchandMarkets.com). TELEMATICS http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/tpscpq/global_telematicsGlobal
  76. 76. …Health Cyber Physical Systems Cyber-Operational Tech Free Flow of Society Learning, play, art…
  77. 77. ttp://www.itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/JPODOCS/REPTS_TE/13599.html ttp://www.roadtraffic-technology.com/contractors/traffic_man/electrosonic/electrosonic1.html Operations Centers Air Land Sea Space Cyber Since 1998, Transguide has 15 percent reduction of accidents and has cut emergency response time by 20 percent. (Texas DOT). .S. ITS to exceed $450 billion by 2015 (Hagler Bailly Services).
  78. 78. August 5, 2014 – “Reminiscent of 911 attacks, fires blaze in Texas cyber attack. Emergency operations are underway as two of Texas’ largest oil and gas processing plants were turned into megaton bombs near city centers Houston and Corpus Christi. The Cyber Red Guard from Iran has taken responsibility for the event reportedly stealing data from Texas Railroad Commission and the energy companies to trigger the kinetic attack through cyberspace. Property and casualty claims are expected to skyrocket...”
  79. 79. http://www.tradingmarkets.com/featured_contributors/how-to-manage-investment-information-overload- 1583594.html
  80. 80. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission
  81. 81. Cloud 2.0: Cyber Control of Operational Technology SystemsCloud: Cyber Systems Technology Transformation
  82. 82. April 15, 2015 – The purpose of the Texas Cybersecurity Institute is to: (1) enable cyber physical systems security and cooperative incident management services for information sharing, collaboration, and coordination in multi-sector environments; (2) promote public-private partnerships for policy and programs related to the development of human and intellectual capital for education, workforce, economic development systems relevant to cyber physical systems; (3) create collaborative multi-stakeholder laboratories and research, development, and commercialization initiatives to promote public welfare and the security of critical infrastructure systems and processes; and (4) design necessary approaches to science, technology and public policy that effect public safety and cybersecurity critical infrastructure as a service.
  83. 83. Strategy of Technology Cyber-Physical Defense Network Learning 2.0 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  84. 84. Digital Warrior & Joe Medic 2004-2006
  85. 85. DMC Lab Project: Medical Leadership Trainer - Scenario Authoring Engine “Joe Medic” UT Austin DMC and Fort Sam Houston AMED NCO Academy
  86. 86. Marriage of Real World Systems, Simulation, Ed Tech and Assessment
  87. 87. Games Transmedia 2004
  88. 88. Games Transmedia 2004 Games for… Games for Health Games for Change Learning Games
  89. 89. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission
  90. 90. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality
  91. 91. MS Flight Simulator 10
  92. 92. Procedural Fidelity
  93. 93. Mixed Reality
  94. 94. Fail-Safe
  95. 95. Evolution of Technologies of Learning Adapted from Tapscott 1998
  96. 96. Forward Observer
  97. 97. Nuclear, Biological, Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle
  98. 98. Cloud 2.0: Cyber Control of Operational Technology SystemsCloud: Cyber Systems Technology Transformation
  99. 99. 2003 Age of Robotics Input to production – artificial labor and artificial intelligence Cyber PhysicalInformation Age Input to production – human knowledge via computers Birth of a New Economic Age
  100. 100. “The last economic technology wave, the post- industrial era, marked by the computer, network, and information technology revolution has now crested and a new economic wave is rising fueled by intelligent machines.” MOORE’S LAW IS TO COMPUTING AS TESAR’S LAW IS TO CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEMS. Forthcoming, Connected World Magazine, October/November 2014 by Jim Brazell and in the American Society for Mechanical Engineers Journal of Robotics and Mechanisms, The Next Wave of Technology, forthcoming 2014-2015.
  101. 101. Cyber Physical Systems Cyber-Operational Tech
  102. 102. 121 https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.waki ngapp.zombiegame
  103. 103. …Health Cyber Physical Systems Cyber-Operational Tech Free Flow of Society Learning, play, art…
  104. 104. Source: Harbor Research, 2003 Cyber Physical Systems Cyber-Operational Technology
  105. 105. We are here Post-Industrial Social Institutions STEM/robotics is facilitating transformation of: Work Education Family Law Health Governance War Political Movements Civil Society Economy
  106. 106. http://www.p9.com.tw/Upload/FTBImages/news_102/12/PicoBrew RobotBeerfromPicoView
  107. 107. What message and image will you leave for future generations? http://www.frontal-labs.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Recognizr.jpg AR and Facial Recognition
  108. 108. Social Cognitive Artificial World Natural World Privacy: Bradley University & National Bureau of Standards 5th World Psychology Physiology Philosophy Privacy
  109. 109. http://cdn1.tnwcdn.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/files/2014/01/79493994-786x305.jpg
  110. 110. A wide array of electrical components, including sensors, transistors, power supplies such as solar cells and wireless antennas, can be combined on a single device that is a wearable tattoo. UC San Diego http://neurogadget.com/2011/08/16/high-tech-gadget-sticks-to-
  111. 111. We are here World View STEM is facilitating transformation of: Time Place Geography Identity Subjectivity Values Beliefs Culture Privacy Information Age
  112. 112. America’s Army, ITSEC, 2006
  113. 113. http://www.tradingmarkets.com/featured_contributors/how-to-manage-investment-information-overload- 1583594.html
  114. 114. What is the founding chapter of the International Society for Performance Improvement’s responsibility to the future today. In Duke Kane’s words: What are we going to do to change the world today? What future headlines will you write? What learning systems will you design? How will you connect with the speed of light generation?
  115. 115. Each major period in history takes its character from the medium of communication used most widely at the time. Marshall McLuhan 1911 – 1980
  116. 116. Strategy of Technology Cyber-Physical Defense Network Learning 2.0 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  117. 117. ISPI and San Antonio Mission http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  118. 118. http://www-public.slac.stanford.edu/geant4/G4SUW2014/Images/nasa-mars-art-manned-mission.jpg
  119. 119. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  120. 120. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality “The first person to walk on mars will be from San Antonio.” –Duke Kane
  121. 121. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  122. 122. One Platform for Simulation, Training, Operations, and Live Performance Support (Tele-Mentoring)
  123. 123. Brigade / Battalion DARPA Command Post of the Future Brigade / Battalion Corp/Division Corp/Division JTF/JFLCC
  124. 124. 144 What is STEM? STEM is a force acting on society resulting in change to the structure, flow, and composition of identity and social institutions: family, education, work, economy, law, government, war, etc. Ender’s Game The Future is Here
  125. 125. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality http://jimbrazell.wix.com/alamocity
  126. 126. Marriage of Visual Fidelity, Procedural Fidelity & Mixed Reality Ispi mission http://www.armour.io
  127. 127. Robot World: How Cyber Physical Systems are Changing Human- Machine Operations International Society for Performance Improvement, Founding Chapter, San Antonio, TX, August 27, 2014 Jim Brazell jim@armour.io Speaker Site: ventureramp.com @RadicalPlatypus, Twitter
  128. 128. What is STEM in the context of P-20 Education Practice? STEM is transformation by design. STEM is transformation of social, human, and environmental systems by human design and the unintended consequences of human design choices. STEM is a technological force changing society and social institutions. STEM is changing the structure, flow, and composition of social institutions and personal identity: family, education, work, economy, law, government, etc. From an identity perspective technology and more broadly STEM effects our worldview, our concepts of: self-efficacy, subjectivity, objectivity, privacy, time, space (place), geography, cosmology, individuality, identity, values, beliefs and culture. STEM is a process of collaboration connecting institutional silos (education, government, industry, and civil society) to satisfy community and global needs. STEM is confronting the local challenges in your community and school through the process of inquiry, design, and innovation. STEM is turning a community inward on itself to form learning communities and laboratories designed to effect local and global opportunities and challenges through collaboration and cooperation. STEM is a moral imperative to prepare all students for their future, rather than our past. STEM educational practices, ideally, today open access and opportunity in education through a balanced approach to learning that retains the important fundamentals of classical education while integrating contemporary knowledge, processes, and tools.
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