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Debating the networked society: technical roots of social change


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Debating the networked society: technical roots of social change

  1. 1. Debating thenetworkedsociety: technicalroots of socialchangeMathias Klang @klang67
  2. 2. Overriding them: Freedom andcontrolTechnology challenges copyright, integrity, democracy, rights, culture, autonomy, thought…
  3. 3. Neither prophetsnor luddites
  4. 4. Technolibertarians& technopaternalists
  5. 5. hollerith
  6. 6. Birth ofcomputing 1940s
  7. 7. Generation zero
  8. 8. memexVannevar Bush; As We May Think; Atlantic Monthly; July 1945
  9. 9. Generation 1 & 2
  10. 10. Generation 3 (1964-72)
  11. 11. It was the first, and being first, was best, but now we lay it down to ever rest. Now pause with me a moment, shed some tears. For auld lang syne, for love, for years and years of faithful service, duty done, I weep. Lay down thy packet, now, O friend, and sleep. "Requiem of the ARPANET” Vinton CerfArpanet: connections withredundancy (1969-1990)
  12. 12. Bulletin board system (late 1970s)
  13. 13. Starting this Thanksgiving I am going to write a complete Unix-compatible software system called GNU (for Gnus Not Unix),GNU Project, posted by and give it away free toRichard Stallman on everyone who can use it.September 27, 1983.
  14. 14. On the one handinformation wants to beexpensive, because its sovaluable… On the otherhand, information wants tobe free, because the cost ofgetting it out is gettinglower and lower all thetime. Stewart Brand (1984)
  15. 15. Information Wants To Be Free. Information also wants to be expensive. ...That tensionSteward Brand (1985) will not go away
  16. 16. The Well: Whole Earth LectronicLink (1985) stewart Brand & Larry Brilliant
  17. 17. Freedom 0: The freedomto run the program for any purpose. Freedom 1: To study & change the programFreedom 2: To redistribute copies Freedom 3: Improve & publically release the program Stallman’s Free software definition (1986)
  18. 18. I believe that all generally useful information shouldbe free. By free I am not referring to price, butrather to the freedom to copy the information andto adapt it to ones own uses... When information isgenerally useful, redistributing it makes humanitywealthier no matter who is distributing and nomatter who is receiving.Stallman (1990)
  19. 19. 1994, the first spam is sent over usenetFrom jesus to green cards
  20. 20. World wide web (an open standard)Hypertext in the wild - Tim Berners-Lee (1990/91)
  21. 21. The Net interprets censorship asdamage and routes around it.John Gilmore (December 1993 quoted in TIME Magazine)
  22. 22. Julian Dibbell (1993) A Rape in CyberspaceIs database society?
  23. 23. Mosaic web browser (1993)
  24. 24. Killer apps 1995: Browser wars
  25. 25. Dot-com bubble(1995-2000)
  26. 26. Governments of the IndustrialWorld, you weary giants of fleshand steel, I come from Cyberspace,the new home of Mind. On behalfof the future, I ask you of the pastto leave us alone. You are notwelcome among us. You have nosovereignty where we gather. John Perry Barlow (1996) A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace
  27. 27. The rise and fall of edemocracy (1995-2000)
  28. 28. Code and other laws of cyberspaceLawrence Lessig (1999)
  29. 29. Information wants to be free – the radicalapproach
  30. 30. Napster 1999 (sued 2000)
  31. 31. From Usergeneratedcontent toSocial Media touserentertainment
  32. 32. Wikipedia all the worldsinformation 2001
  33. 33. BittorrentBram Cohen (2001)
  34. 34. The pirate bay (2003)
  35. 35. Imagine a world in which every singleperson on the planet is given free access tothe sum of all human knowledge. Thatswhat were doing.Jimmy Wales (2004)
  36. 36. Facebook (2004)
  37. 37. What do the people who control whatwe can do, think?
  38. 38. Neo-optimists vs neo-pessimists
  39. 39. 2006
  40. 40. Social media…At its most basic sense, social media is a shift in how people discover, read and share news, information and content. Its a fusion of sociology and technology, transformingmonologues (one to many) into dialogues (many to many) and is the democratization of information, transforming people from content readers into publishers. (Wikipedia, May 2009)
  41. 41. "Out of this anarchy…what was governingthe infinite monkeysnow inputting away onthe Internet was thelaw of digitalDarwinism, the survivalof the loudest and mostopinionated.”Andrew Keen: Cult of the amateur(2007)
  42. 42. Device driven development
  43. 43. meaning
  44. 44. Up to 3500 booksShop and download books in less than 60 seconds
  45. 45. Is there meaning in this madness?
  46. 46. Blogger 1999Google 1999 End of communications monopoly
  47. 47. Normalizing the abnormal
  48. 48. The facebook/twitter revolution
  49. 49. Tweets dont topple governments, peopledoE. Morozov: The Net Delusion: The dark side of internet freedom (2011)
  50. 50. Morosov is critical to the “technology bringsdemocracy” approach and is concerned that we are“amusing ourselves to death” (Postman 1985)
  51. 51. Social media creates silos & do not allowusers to port data from one site to another.
  52. 52. Power is Profitability
  53. 53. Coming debates
  54. 54. iTunes, Facebook, Amazon, Google…. Walled gardens
  55. 55. Personalization, endof personhood & the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis
  56. 56. Autonomy &Regulation by proxy
  57. 57. IBM  Windows  Browser wars  Google  iPhoneBeing the user interface
  58. 58. The final interface: We have your money –now we want your mind
  59. 59. THANKS!
  60. 60. Mathias Klang or @klang67 & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation