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Smart Building - IBM

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Real Surat Development Seminar 2011

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Smart Building - IBM

  1. 1. Smarter Buildings, Townships & SEZs: Sreenath P V Vice-President, IBM India Ltd November 26, 2011 Real Surat Development Seminar (RSDS)
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>IBM’s Smarter Planet Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Smarter Buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are Smarter Buildings ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smarter Building Dimensions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent Building Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smarter Homes </li></ul><ul><li>Smarter Townships & SEZs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent Operations Centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning for Smarter Townships & SEZs </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 2 IBM and partners are working across the industries making our planet smarter Smarter Healthcare Smarter Banking Smarter Traffic Smarter Food Smarter Retail Smarter Grids Smarter Communications Smarter Oil & Gas Smarter Buildings Smarter Townships & Cities Smarter Public Safety Smarter Water
  4. 4. 2 IBM and partners are working across the industries making our planet smarter Smarter Healthcare Smarter Banking Smarter Traffic Smarter Food Smarter Retail Smarter Grids Smarter Communications Smarter Oil & Gas Smarter Buildings Smarter Townships & Cities Smarter Public Safety Smarter Water
  5. 5. Our world is getting smarter + + = INTERCONNECTED Systems are interconnecting in entirely new ways. INTELLIGENT Intelligent interaction possible with externalities. SMARTER I nformation is shared to improve operations and well-being. INSTRUMENTED Facilities can be fully instrumented at all levels.
  6. 6. Smarter Buildings
  7. 7. The need for efficiency in buildings is clear 2 nd Real estate is the 2 nd largest expense on the income statement. 50% Up to 50% of energy and water in buildings are often wasted. 2025 By 2025, buildings will be the #1 consumer of energy. 2x Data center energy use doubling every 5 years .
  8. 8. The benefits from improving building efficiency are real 18% rise in productivity Employee productivity increased up to 18% on average. 91% occupancy Higher building usage rates in smarter buildings. 40% reduction Energy usage reduced by up to 40% and maintenance cost 10-30%. 65% of occupants Willing to help make their workplace more environmentally responsible.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Intense pressure on budgets </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rising and volatile energy costs are creating capital and operating budget challenges </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urgent need to increase the utility of buildings and the efficiency of assets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seek the ability to better manage assets and their energy characteristics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive need to increase efficiency and productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global competition demands the ability to address competitive issues quickly and accurately </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resource constraints diverting focus from enterprises’ core mission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employee recruitment, retention and satisfaction require new working environments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate Citizenship and Perception </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customers and general public seeking “green” credentials from suppliers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looming regulation mandating carbon accounting systems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability efforts are now integral to a company’s brand </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Some issues facing builders & building owners today In the US alone, commercial buildings consume 42% of all energy and generate nearly 900 MT of greenhouse gases (GHG)
  10. 10. How does a building operate today? Building Systems Building & Communications Services Facilities Management Processes Interaction with Externalities Portfolio Estates Mgmt Occupancy Space Mgmt Waste Mgmt Trash/Water/Recycle Compliance Environmental reports Tenant Services Help Desk Asset Mgmt Lifecycle Building Services Maintenance Industry Specific Hospital, hotel, etc. Energy Use Passive/Active Fire Functionality checks, Detector service Water Smart Meters, Use / Flow Sensing HVAC Fans, Variable Air Volume, Air Quality Elevators Maintenance, Performance Access/Security Badge in, Cameras, Integration Perimeter, Doors, Floors, Occupancy Lighting Occupancy Sensing 24/7 Monitoring Condition Monitoring, Parking Lot Utilization Energy Smart Meters, Demand response Community Services Transportation, Traffic, Events Utilities Demand Mgmt, Cost Control Weather Current Predictions Emergency Services Alerts, Actions Commercial Potential Advertisement
  11. 11. What is a Smarter Building? <ul><li>Smarter Buildings… </li></ul><ul><li>Are more cost effective by reducing energy and operating costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Use active and designed-in techniques to achieve reliability, efficiency and environmental responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Visibility, Control and Automation to building systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a safer and more secure workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate in real-time to supporting infrastructure (i.e. smart grid, broadband, etc.). </li></ul>Smarter Buildings are well managed, integrated physical and digital infrastructures that provide optimal occupancy services in a reliable , cost effective , and sustainable manner.
  12. 12. What does it mean to become Smarter? Measuring, Monitoring, Modeling and Managing Metering Sensing Real Time Data Integration Real Time + Historical Data Data Modeling + Analytics Visualization + Decisions <ul><li>Data modeling and analytics to create insights from data to feed decision support and actions </li></ul>Feedback to user and data source; Incentives and actions to change behavior Feedback to user and data source; Incentives and actions to change behavior <ul><li>Comparison of historical data, with newly collected data </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>Data Integration </li></ul>Source: IBM Corporate Strategy
  13. 13. What Makes a Building Smarter? <ul><li>Instrumentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Meters - electricity, water, gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Management Systems and Building sensors - lighting, fire, environment, CO2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public safety and surveillance systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IP-enabled devices - servers, PCs, multifunctional devices, actuators, control devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interconnection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networked environments – fiber, wireless, public spaces, offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networked sensors, sensor platforms, concentrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networked meters and building management systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxonomies for integration within buildings and across buildings at an enterprise level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interconnected systems - costs, space-use, portfolio management, facilities management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Enterprise-view” visibility of the building/campus/enterprise/city operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smarter decisions to reduce operations costs, especially energy & water usage and emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optimization and integration of assets, resources, work, safety, environmental systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-time analytics of sensor & meter data to optimize operational performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral modeling of physical, natural, and people systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualization for user awareness and action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine to machine optimization systems </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Smarter Building - Potential Business Benefits
  15. 15. Smarter Buildings enable real-time measurement, monitoring and management of building systems through the development of new algorithms, analytics of real-time external events and building system state, and implementation of control mechanisms to better optimize energy so consumption can be reduced. <ul><li>Real-time external events </li></ul><ul><li>Weather forecast </li></ul><ul><li>Energy prices </li></ul><ul><li>Human location information, </li></ul><ul><li>e.g., People leaving or coming to work & home </li></ul><ul><li>Utility </li></ul><ul><li>Analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Demand Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Are any building systems out of spec? </li></ul><ul><li>Gas </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>HVAC </li></ul><ul><li>Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Chillers </li></ul>Control Mechanisms - Automatically control the equipment
  16. 16. Smarter Buildings come in all shapes and sizes Smarter Commercial Building Smarter Corporate Campus Smarter Educational Institution Smarter Hospital Smarter Hotel Smarter Data Center Smarter Airport Smarter Cell Tower
  17. 17. Smarter Buildings – another view Multiple Tenants Data Center Campus w/ Multiple Bldgs Residential Real Estate <ul><li>Chargeback by customer </li></ul><ul><li>IT resource Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of data from multiple buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Water Management </li></ul>Single Bldg Operational Level Correlation, Analysis , Optimization Sensor Level Integration, Collection and Aggregation Enterprise Level Services : Asset, Dashboard, Reporting, Property Management Special Use Building <ul><li>Unique systems Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Building systems Integration </li></ul>Building Design Configuration Management, CAD Integration, Impact Analysis, Requirements Management <ul><li>Institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Residential </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul>
  18. 18. Operations Management Space & Facilities Management Real Estate Portfolio Management Datacenter Infrastructure Management Service Management Energy and Environment Sustainability Capital Project Management Smarter Building Solutions Best practices and functions reduce cost and improve operations ENERGY OPERATIONS SPACE <ul><li>Facilities service desk </li></ul><ul><li>Service level agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Contracted services </li></ul><ul><li>Customer billing </li></ul><ul><li>Space, power and cooling optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation planning </li></ul><ul><li>Move, Add, Change </li></ul><ul><li>Cable management </li></ul><ul><li>Space utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity planning </li></ul><ul><li>Move, add, change </li></ul><ul><li>Reservations </li></ul><ul><li>CAD Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Asset mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Work mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chain </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Key mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time Condition Monitoring and Alerting </li></ul><ul><li>Condition assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Capital planning </li></ul><ul><li>Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Construction estimates </li></ul><ul><li>Project mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic RE portfolio planning </li></ul><ul><li>Budgeting & forecasting RE expense drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Lease & contract admin </li></ul><ul><li>Utility tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental opportunity analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon output measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time Monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Analytics </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-packaged BMS interfaces </li></ul>
  19. 19. Core Capabilities Key Solution Areas Lower energy costs Improved operating efficiency Greater occupant safety & satisfaction Higher utilization Improved revenue performance Smarter Buildings enable reliability, efficiency & sustainability Energy Management Energy Consumption & Optimization Carbon Management Greenhouse Gas Emissions Tracking Space Management Occupancy Management Utilization Planning Space Optimization Move Management Operations Management Asset & Work Management Portfolio Management Facility Maintenance Condition Monitoring Building Analytics Condition-based Monitoring Energy Optimization Operational Optimization Work Order Management Reporting and Dashboards Service Requests Security
  20. 20. Parking Management system RFID Reader antenna LAN Switch IIBM Server LAN cable
  21. 21. Smarter Homes
  22. 22. Smarter Homes This provides an opportunity for organizations to deliver entirely new products and services. Health and wellness Safety and security + + = Energy management Entertainment and convenience
  23. 23. Smarter home environment: <ul><li>A smarter home can be instrumented with sensors and actuators to control and optimize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows, doors, blinds, light switches, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment: heating, air conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances: clothes washer & dryer, dishwasher, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility meters: water, electricity, gas, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment: TV, CD player, audio system, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security: surveillance cameras </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A virtual 3D representation forms an easy-to-use, intuitive interface of the smarter home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be accessed over the web from anywhere: PC, mobile device, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual 3D representation and smarter home are synchronized dynamically Actions in the 3D representation are implemented in the home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions in the home are reflected into the 3D representation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simple overview of energy consumption allows usage adjustment for optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide on automatic controls to reduce consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand usage patterns to adapt life style </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Common services platform supports interconnection & leveraging of services </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual view of all devices makes common view possible, in the home and across the neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation of information across services and communities to create new value </li></ul><ul><li>Shared cost design and infrastructure reduces cost and increases flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem based on industry standards , driven by industry leaders </li></ul>Safety & Security Surveillance Medical Monitoring service Health Well-being Smart metering Energy / HVAC / Appliance Management broadband connection Connected services in the cloud Entertainment Smarter homes through integration and management of services
  25. 25. Smarter Townships and SEZs
  26. 26. Integrating the most repeatable best practice patterns to : <ul><li>Leverage information across all agencies and departments </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate problems and minimize the impact of disruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate resources to respond to issues rapidly and effectively </li></ul>Intelligent Operations Center IBM Intelligent Operations Center for Smarter Townships / Cities Smarter Management of the Township / SEZ
  27. 27. Smarter Management of the Township / SEZ <ul><li>Township Management Body can own and control the assets and services provided to the residents and commercial establishments </li></ul><ul><li>It may liaison with various O&M bodies to extend the services to the residents / commercial establishments </li></ul><ul><li>The Township Management Body will be supported through a consolidated City Command Center </li></ul><ul><li>The City Command Center will have multiple sub-command centers within itself </li></ul>Township Management Body Water Management Body Energy Management Body Transport Management Body Operations Management Customer Management Water City Command Center Energy ICT Public Safety Transport Cooking Gas Buildings <ul><li>The sub-command centers would act as the control centers for the operations within that functional area </li></ul>Asset, Operations, Billing and Customer Management would be done for each of the services offered Project Management Can be facilitated through a City Command Center / Intelligent Operations centre Township Mgmt. Water Waste Water Energy Solid Waste Cooking Gas ICT Transportation Public Safety Building Mgmt. Smarter Community Advertizing Planning, Admin, Governance and Liasioning Pumping / Water acquisition Waste Collection Power Procurement Waste Collection Gas Procurement Operations Mgmt. - Provisioning and Maint. Operations Mgmt. - Traffic and Infrastructure Education and Enforcement Development and Management Implement and Maintain Data Collection and Aggregation Development and Maint. Treatment Recycling and Reuse Secondary Power Generation Waste Segregation Gas Distribution Customer Mgmt. - Billing and Complaints Mgmt. Service Mgmt. - Fares, Billing and Collections Monitoring and Recording Customer Mgmt. - Payments and Complaints Mgmt. Customer Mgmt.- Complaints Mgmt. Service Provisioning Monitoring and Control Bulk Storage Waste Disposal Power Distribution Recycling and Reuse Customer Mgmt. - Provisioning, Billing and Fault Mgmt.   Customer Care Mgmt. Analysis and Detection   Customer Mgmt. - Payments and Complaints Mgmt. Distribution Customer Mgmt. - Billing and Complaints Mgmt. Customer Mgmt. - Provisioning, Billing and Fault Mgmt. Waste Disposal       Response and Recovery     Customer Mgmt. - Provisioning, Billing and Fault Mgmt. .   Customer Mgmt. - Billing and Complaints Mgmt.            
  28. 28. Smarter Management of the Township / SEZ – an example Fire Hydrant is struck by a car Maintenance crew fill out a order which will take 4 days 1 Alerts are sent to IOC along side the current city systems IOC see same time / same place correlation and updates fire house 4 Fire breaks out on same block 2 Fire is reported 3 1 2 Bring water Truck Extra Long Hose Fire Truck gets better information On equipment choice 5
  29. 29. Common solutions can ensure consistent services across all functional areas City Command Center <ul><li>Common solutions can include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer management (including billing management across all utility services)… </li></ul></ul>Customer and Billing Mgmt 3 <ul><li>Fault management would be facilitated through information and alerts received from devices and ability to decipher and propose actions at the CCC </li></ul>1 2 <ul><li>Customer management would be facilitated through information received on usage, billing engines and customer data residing in CCC </li></ul>1 <ul><li>Asset Management will be managed through the CCC and will ensure preventive and proactive maintenance of all assets </li></ul>3 <ul><li>… and operations management. This will include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fault Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workforce Management </li></ul></ul>4 2 <ul><li>Workforce Management will be managed through integration with asset management, fault and incident management </li></ul>4 Fault management Asset Mgmt Workforce management Project management … and project management 5 <ul><li>Project management to manage the various projects that will be underway across all services at different points in time </li></ul>5 Water Energy ICT Public Safety Transport Gas Buildings Performance management <ul><li>Integrated performance management will ensure seamless operations and management across different services </li></ul>6 Smarter Management of the Township / SEZ
  30. 30. Smarter ICT Strategy & Planning for Townships & SEZs Component Business Model Actionable Business Architecture Operating Models City Ecosystem Transportation Water Social Services … Local Government <ul><li>Core Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Public Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Health </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Culture and Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial and Justice </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>Business of IT Finance Human Capital Payment … <ul><li>Shared Services </li></ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Management </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Collection </li></ul><ul><li>etc. </li></ul>Process Models IT Models Solutions and Projects <ul><li>Aligned with Strategy Models </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by Business Scenarios </li></ul>IBM‘s Actionable Business Architecture (ABA) for Smarter Townships helps in planning for and managing a Township There is a need for a structured ICT Master Planning approach IBM Approach Overall Design
  31. 31. Smarter Township Performance Metrics and Core System Models 1. City Ecosystem Full Model 2. City Ecosystem Solutions 4. Specialized Models for Economic Development Agencies, SEZs / Business Parks and Public Safety 3. Smarter Townships / Cities Key Performance Indicators (724 fully defined) Metric Editor Performance Heat Map Economic Development Agency Business Park / SEZ Public Safety Smarter ICT Strategy & Planning for Townships & SEZs
  32. 32. Smarter Township Performance Metrics and Core System Models 1. City Ecosystem Full Model 2. City Ecosystem Solutions 4. Specialized Models for Economic Development Agencies, SEZs / Business Parks and Public Safety 3. Smarter Townships / Cities Key Performance Indicators (724 fully defined) Metric Editor Performance Heat Map Economic Development Agency Business Park / SEZ Public Safety Smarter ICT Strategy & Planning for Townships & SEZs The City Ecosystem model represents 80%-90% functionality of a typical Township
  33. 33. In Summary …… <ul><li>Smarter Buildings / Campuses / Townships are a reality today </li></ul><ul><li>They can be differentiating factors to attract tenants, both residential & businesses </li></ul><ul><li>They contribute to improved efficiencies & lower operating costs in the long term </li></ul><ul><li>Analytics provide developers & occupants information for improved decision making </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to leverage smarter infrastructure in a remote manner, including the ability to manage across locations through common infrastructure </li></ul>
  34. 34. QUESTIONS? AND THANK YOU! [email_address]

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