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S Y E D H A S S A N A H M E D , G W A N G H Y U N K I M A N D
D O N G K Y U N K I M .
h a s s a n @ m o n e t . k n u . a ...
Contents
 Key Trends in Systems.
 CPS Applications.
 Proposed Architecture.
 Dynamic Communications.
 CPS Integration...
Key Trends in Systems
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
3
 System complexity
 Increasing functionality
 Increasing integra...
CPS Applications
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
4
 Healthcare
 Medical devices
 Health management networks
 Transporta...
Architecture Contents
 Sensing Module:
 Data collection from physical world through sensors.
 Data Management Module(DM...
Security Assurance
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
6
How can we provide people and society
with cyber-physical systems that...
Security for CPS
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
7
 Safety, Security and Privacy
 Primary aim of all CPS design
 Ensure ...
Proposed Architecture
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
8
Dynamic Communications
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
9
NGI
DMM Service Aware Module
Application Module
S1
S1
S1
S1A1 S1A1...
CPS Integration
 Vehicular Scenario:
 Service aware modules make communication and control efficient by
providing the be...
Open Challenges & Future Work…
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
11
 QoS-Aware Communication Protocols:
 Identification of ...
Q/A Session…
3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013
12
MoNeT Wireless Lab,
Kyungpook National University,
South Korea.
http://mone...
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Cyber Physical System: Architecture, Applications and Research Challenges

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Presented @ Wireless Days 2013.

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Cyber Physical System: Architecture, Applications and Research Challenges

  1. 1. S Y E D H A S S A N A H M E D , G W A N G H Y U N K I M A N D D O N G K Y U N K I M . h a s s a n @ m o n e t . k n u . a c . k r M O N E T W I R E L E S S L A B O R A T O R Y K Y U N G P O O K N A T I O N A L U N I V E R S I T Y S O U T H K O R E A . Cyber Physical System: Architecture, Applications and Research Challenges
  2. 2. Contents  Key Trends in Systems.  CPS Applications.  Proposed Architecture.  Dynamic Communications.  CPS Integration.  Open Research Challenges. 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 2 Source: www.cs.binghamton.edu
  3. 3. Key Trends in Systems 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 3  System complexity  Increasing functionality  Increasing integration and networking interoperability  Growing importance and reliance on software  Increasing number of non-functional constraints  Nature of tomorrow’s systems  Dynamic, ever-changing, dependable, high-confidence  Self-*(aware, adapting, repairing, sustaining) Cyber-Physical Systems  Everywhere, used by everyone, for everything  Expectations: 24/7 availability, 100% reliability, 100% connectivity, instantaneous response, remember everything forever, ...  Classes: young to old, able and disabled, rich and poor, literate and illiterate, ...  Numbers: individuals, special groups, social networks, cultures, populations, ...
  4. 4. CPS Applications 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 4  Healthcare  Medical devices  Health management networks  Transportation  Automotive electronics  Vehicular networks and smart highways  Aviation and airspace management  Avionics  Railroad systems  Process control  Large-scale Infrastructure  Physical infrastructure monitoring and control  Electricity generation and distribution  Building and environmental controls  Defense systems  Tele-physical operations  Telemedicine  Tele-manipulation
  5. 5. Architecture Contents  Sensing Module:  Data collection from physical world through sensors.  Data Management Module(DMM):  Consists of the computational devices and storage media.  Next Generation Internet:  Enabling applications to select the path, or paths that their packets take between the source and destination.  Service Aware Modules (SAM):  Sensed data is being recognized and sent to the services available.  Application Module (AM):  Services are deployed and interact with NGI.  Info is saved on database for QoS support. [NoSQL]  Sensors and Actuators:  Actuator receives the commands from the Application Module, and executes. 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 5
  6. 6. Security Assurance 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 6 How can we provide people and society with cyber-physical systems that they can trust their lives on? Trustworthy: Reliable, Secure, Privacy- preserving, Usable, etc.
  7. 7. Security for CPS 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 7  Safety, Security and Privacy  Primary aim of all CPS design  Ensure no harm comes to the underlying physical process  Ensuring security/privacy crucial for safety  CPS are deployed in missions critical settings  Collect sensitive data and can actuate changes in the physical process  Composing individually secure systems into a composed system might not be good enough  Computation and Energy limitations .  Utilizing properties from underlying physical process might be a way to proceed
  8. 8. Proposed Architecture 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 8
  9. 9. Dynamic Communications 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 9 NGI DMM Service Aware Module Application Module S1 S1 S1 S1A1 S1A1 AM S1A1 SAM S1 S1A1 1st Time, S1 Similar Data Physical Devices Actuators. IoT WSN Wired M2M
  10. 10. CPS Integration  Vehicular Scenario:  Service aware modules make communication and control efficient by providing the best application in different services to a single car.  Agriculture Scenario:  Greenhouse: After receiving a configuration of greenhouse by consumer, here our feedback awareness makes network efficient to control different services like watering, humidity, plant health monitoring etc. with real time control.  Health Scenario:  Hospital: Real time monitoring and control can be achieved by Data Management Module and Service awareness module which also plays an important role in order to provide QoS monitoring. While designing a system for hospital, sensitive applications are queued on the top priority. 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 10
  11. 11. Open Challenges & Future Work… 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 11  QoS-Aware Communication Protocols:  Identification of application requirement of each type of traffic.  Efficiency.  Resource Management:  Huge amount of dynamic data.  Auto Management Techniques are required.  QoS-Aware Power Management:  In CPS, dynamic computing demands much CPU energy. Minimization can be proposed by exploiting dynamic voltage technology.  Simulation Tools:  Simulation models dealing with dynamic communications.  Future Work:  Implementing Proposed Architecture in Simulated/Test-bed Environments.  Smart/Unifying Routing Schemes are required for Real Time sensing/actuating devices.
  12. 12. Q/A Session… 3/9/2015CPS@Wireless Days 2013 12 MoNeT Wireless Lab, Kyungpook National University, South Korea. http://monet.knu.ac.kr THANK YOU

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