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2007 mid term exam review

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Mid-term exam review

Mid-term exam review

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  • 1. 2011 Mid-Term Exam Review Day #1
  • 2. Who was the first to argue that thesun, not the earth, was the center of theuniverse?
  • 3. Explain Isaac Newton’s universal lawof gravitation?
  • 4. Francis Bacon, an Englishphilosopher, believed scientists should A. use inductive reasoning. B. rely solely on the Bible. C. Leave nature alone. D. Use chance to study nature.
  • 5. John Locke’s ideas suggest that peoplewere (Tabula Rasa)
  • 6. To Voltaire and many otherphilosophes, the universe was
  • 7. Rousseau’s concept of social contract Society agrees to be governed by its general will.
  • 8. Treaty of Paris 1763 Great Britain gained control of India and North America. This made Great Britain the world’s greatest colonial power.
  • 9. Which country was the first to grantdiplomatic recognition to America?
  • 10. Who version of the solar system?
  • 11. Montesquieu’s most lastingcontribution to political thought washis A. analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances. B. identification of the natural laws that governed human society. C. Theory that the government should interfere with religious matters. D. The state should monitor the economy and impose regulations to keep it healthy.
  • 12. The state should notregulate the economyis an example of whatenlightenment idea(hint: Hands off)?
  • 13. The 1st Constitution of the U.S. wascalled what? The Articles of Confederation
  • 14. Treaty of Paris 1783 Granted Americans the territory west of the Appalachians to the Mississippi River.
  • 15. Tennis Court OathA vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.
  • 16. Why was Louis XVI forced to acceptthe National Assembly’s decrees? Thousands of armed Parisian women descended on the palace and captured him and his family.
  • 17. Ordinary patriots without fine clothsor “without breeches.”
  • 18. During the French Revolution whatwas the role of the Committee ofPublic Safety Defend France from all threats
  • 19. What were the three parts ofNapoleon’s Grand Empire?1. French Empire2. Dependent States3. Allied States
  • 20. Who defeated Napoleon for the lasttime?
  • 21. Which of France’s three estates wasnot exempt from the taille?
  • 22. Explain the difference between theGirondins and the Mountain? Girondins  King Alive Mountain  Execute the king
  • 23. Promotion in Napoleons army wasbased on what? It was based on ability only, not rank or birth!
  • 24. How were the Russians able to defeatNapoleon’s Grand Army? Retreated hundreds of miles and burned their own villages and countryside to ensure that Napoleon would not be able to use the supplies.
  • 25. Where did The Duke of Wellingtondefeated Napoleon?
  • 26. This was one of the first industriesaffected by the Industrial Revolution.
  • 27. This system enabled workers to workregular hours and do the same workover and over.
  • 28. Define the Principle of Legitimacy Lawful monarchs from the royal families that had ruled before Napoleon would be restored to power.
  • 29. This is the belief that people should beas free as possible from governmentrestraints.
  • 30. What was crucial to Britain’sIndustrial Revolution?
  • 31. Pitiful condition during the IndustrialRevolution gave rise to what?
  • 32.  This principle stated that countries had the ability to send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to restore legitimate monarchs to power.
  • 33. British North America ActEstablished a self-governing Canadian nation
  • 34. During the 2nd Industrial Revolution,what led the way to new industrialfrontiers?
  • 35. Amalie Sieveking Founded the Female Association for the Care of the Poor and the Sick in Hamburg, Germany.
  • 36. What was the name of the legislativeassemble created by Czar Nicholas II?
  • 37. Alliance Alliance BetweenGreatBritain Russia France
  • 38. The idea that buildings, like theproducts of machines, should be usefuland lack unnecessary ornamentation.
  • 39. Who sent the first radio waves acrossthe Atlantic?
  • 40. Ministerial Responsibility The idea that the prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body and not to the executive officer.
  • 41. Alliance Between AustriaGermany Hungary Italy
  • 42.  Whose discovery of radium changed the world’s view of the atom?
  • 43. According to Freud, human behaviorwas Strongly determined by repressed experiences.

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