2007 mid term exam review


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Mid-term exam review

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2007 mid term exam review

  1. 1. 2011 Mid-Term Exam Review Day #1
  2. 2. Who was the first to argue that thesun, not the earth, was the center of theuniverse?
  3. 3. Explain Isaac Newton’s universal lawof gravitation?
  4. 4. Francis Bacon, an Englishphilosopher, believed scientists should A. use inductive reasoning. B. rely solely on the Bible. C. Leave nature alone. D. Use chance to study nature.
  5. 5. John Locke’s ideas suggest that peoplewere (Tabula Rasa)
  6. 6. To Voltaire and many otherphilosophes, the universe was
  7. 7. Rousseau’s concept of social contract Society agrees to be governed by its general will.
  8. 8. Treaty of Paris 1763 Great Britain gained control of India and North America. This made Great Britain the world’s greatest colonial power.
  9. 9. Which country was the first to grantdiplomatic recognition to America?
  10. 10. Who version of the solar system?
  11. 11. Montesquieu’s most lastingcontribution to political thought washis A. analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances. B. identification of the natural laws that governed human society. C. Theory that the government should interfere with religious matters. D. The state should monitor the economy and impose regulations to keep it healthy.
  12. 12. The state should notregulate the economyis an example of whatenlightenment idea(hint: Hands off)?
  13. 13. The 1st Constitution of the U.S. wascalled what? The Articles of Confederation
  14. 14. Treaty of Paris 1783 Granted Americans the territory west of the Appalachians to the Mississippi River.
  15. 15. Tennis Court OathA vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.
  16. 16. Why was Louis XVI forced to acceptthe National Assembly’s decrees? Thousands of armed Parisian women descended on the palace and captured him and his family.
  17. 17. Ordinary patriots without fine clothsor “without breeches.”
  18. 18. During the French Revolution whatwas the role of the Committee ofPublic Safety Defend France from all threats
  19. 19. What were the three parts ofNapoleon’s Grand Empire?1. French Empire2. Dependent States3. Allied States
  20. 20. Who defeated Napoleon for the lasttime?
  21. 21. Which of France’s three estates wasnot exempt from the taille?
  22. 22. Explain the difference between theGirondins and the Mountain? Girondins  King Alive Mountain  Execute the king
  23. 23. Promotion in Napoleons army wasbased on what? It was based on ability only, not rank or birth!
  24. 24. How were the Russians able to defeatNapoleon’s Grand Army? Retreated hundreds of miles and burned their own villages and countryside to ensure that Napoleon would not be able to use the supplies.
  25. 25. Where did The Duke of Wellingtondefeated Napoleon?
  26. 26. This was one of the first industriesaffected by the Industrial Revolution.
  27. 27. This system enabled workers to workregular hours and do the same workover and over.
  28. 28. Define the Principle of Legitimacy Lawful monarchs from the royal families that had ruled before Napoleon would be restored to power.
  29. 29. This is the belief that people should beas free as possible from governmentrestraints.
  30. 30. What was crucial to Britain’sIndustrial Revolution?
  31. 31. Pitiful condition during the IndustrialRevolution gave rise to what?
  32. 32.  This principle stated that countries had the ability to send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to restore legitimate monarchs to power.
  33. 33. British North America ActEstablished a self-governing Canadian nation
  34. 34. During the 2nd Industrial Revolution,what led the way to new industrialfrontiers?
  35. 35. Amalie Sieveking Founded the Female Association for the Care of the Poor and the Sick in Hamburg, Germany.
  36. 36. What was the name of the legislativeassemble created by Czar Nicholas II?
  37. 37. Alliance Alliance BetweenGreatBritain Russia France
  38. 38. The idea that buildings, like theproducts of machines, should be usefuland lack unnecessary ornamentation.
  39. 39. Who sent the first radio waves acrossthe Atlantic?
  40. 40. Ministerial Responsibility The idea that the prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body and not to the executive officer.
  41. 41. Alliance Between AustriaGermany Hungary Italy
  42. 42.  Whose discovery of radium changed the world’s view of the atom?
  43. 43. According to Freud, human behaviorwas Strongly determined by repressed experiences.