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The Revolutions


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The Revolutions

  1. 1. Revolution Definition: A forcible overthrow of a government. TheBy: Rylee Jackson
  2. 2. Magna CartaWhat country was it written for? England.When was it written? The Magna Carta was written in 1215.What did it do to the power of monarchies? It ensures feudalright and limited the kings power to interfere. It gave the churchlaws to protect the rights of the people.How was this a form of "rule of law"? It gave the people a sayin the society.
  3. 3. Glorious RevolutionWhere did it take place? In England.Who took over as King of this country? William of Orangeand Mary took it over.What document changed the power of Kings forever andwas a result of this revolution? The Bill Of Rights.
  4. 4. The English Bill of RightsWhen was it written? 1689In two sentences, explain what it did. The most importantthing that it did was limit the power to the king. It gave basicfreedoms to the people and he couldn’t raise taxes withoutpermission.
  5. 5. The EnlightenmentIn two sentences, describe what the enlightenment was. Itwas in the 18th century. They decided to challenge the wayeveryone thought.When did it take place? In the 1800’s.Why is it important? It took us out of the dark ages. Andpeople were not living under superstition anymore.
  6. 6. Charles-Louis MontesquieuWhere was he from? France.What is he most famous for? He was a French social andpolitical philosopher whose ideas about laws and governmenthad great influence on the leaders of the American Revolutionand the Framers of the U.S. Constitution.
  7. 7. John LockeWhere was he from? Wrington, England.Lifespan: August 29, 1632-October 28, 1704.What are natural rights? Natural right is distinguished fromthat of legal right. Natural rights are those rights of anyone thatexist outside of technology. Fish that swim in the ocean do itbecause they have natural right and not because some legislationallowed it.
  8. 8. Jean Jacques RousseauWhere was he from? Geneva, SwitzerlandLifespan: 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778What is the Social Contract? The social contract theory saysthat in the earliest history, man lived in a "state of nature."There was no government.
  9. 9. Thomas Jefferson
  10. 10. Thomas JeffersonWhere was he from? Albemarle County, VirginiaWhat is he most famous for writing? Declaration ofIndependence.Why did he switch the words from "property" to "thepursuit of happiness"? He thought property was too specificand that it wouldnt be able to hold as much meaning assomething more general like pursuit of happiness.