Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

When France Sneezes...


Published on

After the French Revolution, a series of revolutions will grip Europe threatening the status quo

Published in: Education, News & Politics

When France Sneezes...

  1. 1. When France Sneezes…
  2. 2. Conservatives v. Liberals
  3. 3. Conservatives Who were they?  monarchs and members of their government  noble landowners  Church leaders  peasants
  4. 4. Conservatives What did they want?  restore royal families to power  continue the existing social hierarchy  support an established Church
  5. 5. Conservatives What did they Oppose?  natural rights and constitutional government  freedom of the press  rebellions
  6. 6. Liberals Who were they?  business owners  bankers  lawyers  politicians  writers and newspaper editors
  7. 7. Liberals What did they want?  defend the natural rights of individuals to liberty, equality, and property  government based on a written constitution and separation of powers  elected rulers responsible to the people
  8. 8. Liberals What did they oppose?  divine-right monarchy  the old aristocracy  established churches
  9. 9. Main Ideas Give supporting details for each main idea.
  10. 10. Few people liked Louis’ XVIII constitution.  Ultraroyalists (Ultras) (high clergy & émigrés) despised constitutional government; wanted to restore the old regime  Liberals wanted to extend suffrage and win a share of power for middle-class citizens  Radicals wanted a republic
  11. 11. Class differences plagued France forcing more changes in government.  strong president  one-house legislature  vote to all adult men
  12. 12. “When France sneezes, Europe catches a cold.”
  13. 13. 1830 Belgium  the people of Belgium and Dutch (Holland), who ruled Belgium, had many differences  Belgians “threw up barricades” and fought Dutch rule  supported by Britain and France, Belgium gains independence  Belgium establishes a liberal constitution
  14. 14. 1830 Poland  had hoped the Congress of Vienna would reestablish a Polish state  Polish students, army officers, and land owners rose in revolt over Russia, Prussia, & Austria  without widespread support, the rebels were crushed by the Russian army
  15. 15. 1848 Austria  university students and workers in Vienna allied to overthrow the monarchy of Clemens von Metternich  taken by surprise, Metternich has no choice but to resign and promise reforms  in Budapest (Hungary) and Prague (Czechoslovakia), nationalists demanded independent government, an end to serfdom, and a written constitution
  16. 16. 1848 Austria (continued)  the Austrian government temporarily gives in due to their unpreparedness and the overwhelming demand  Austrian troops eventually regain control of Vienna and Prague  with help from Russia, Austria crushes rebels in Budapest
  17. 17. 1848 Italy  nationalists wanted to end domination by Austrian Hapsburgs  demanded liberal constitutional reforms  revolutionaries established independent republics throughout Italy, even expelling the pope in Rome
  18. 18. 1848 Italy (continued)  Austrian troops ousted the new governments in northern Italy  the French army restored the pope  in Naples, local rulers, now with foreign support, cancelled reforms they instituted but did not really want
  19. 19. 1848 Prussian Germany  university students demanded national unity & liberal reforms  peasants and farmers, struggling through a potato famine, joined the cause  liberals forced King Frederick William IV (FW4) to agree to a constitution written by an elected assembly  FW4 will dissolve the assembly and create his own constitution with power in his own hands
  20. 20. 1848 Prussian Germany (continued)  delegates from German states continue to meet in the Frankfurt Assembly  FW4 declines the offer from the Frankfurt Assembly of the crown of a united Germany  Prussian military will crush middle-class reformers and radical workers  many Germans leave for the United States