Radicals• Don’t think there should be any king at all and France should become a republic where all people have a say in the government.• Want to see major changes happen to France.• Usually bourgeoisie and/or members of the Third Estate.
Moderates• Would like to see some changes to France.• Think Louis XVI can still be king, but it needs to be a limited monarchy, where the king follows the rules of the constitution and gives people rights and freedoms.• Are a members of the bourgeoisie meaning you are an educated member of the third estate.
Conservatives• Think Louis XVI should be allowed to remain king and rule France as an absolute monarch.• Don’t want the government to change.• Are members of the first or second estate.
1791 • The king and his family are caught trying to leave France and taken prisoner. • Radical groups win power in the Legislative Assembly and decide the best way to gain more power is through violence.
1792• The Legislative Assembly is now controlled by radicals and rename themselves the National Convention. They declare France to be a republic and abolish the monarchy.
1793 • The National Convention puts Louis XVI and his family on trial and find them guilty to treason. • Louis and Marie Antoinette are executed by guillotine.
1793• The National Convention is worried about threats to their power. They create the Committee of Public Safety to deal with the threats to them and handle some of the public’s problems (such as food shortages).• An extreme radical named Maximilien Robespierre becomes the leader of the committee.
1793 - 1794 • This time period when Robespierre ruled over the Committee of Public Safety is known as the Reign of Terror. • During this time anyone who was suspected of being loyal to the king or trying to stop the revolution from happening was put on trial and killed.
What were people executed for?• Robespierre said in order to keep France safe for democracy he had to get rid of anyone who was loyal to the king in any way.• People were executed for simple offenses such as owning a deck of cards with a king in it.• You were put on trial in the morning and executed in the afternoon.
1794 • Even the radicals think Robespierre has gone too far. Robespierre is put on trial and executed. • Moderates now take over the government.
Results• Approximately 3000 people were • In 1795 moderate leaders of the executed. National Convention met and• Some historians think that as wrote the third constitution since many as 40,000 were killed as a 1789. result of the revolution. The • The new constitution placed majority of them were peasants, power firmly in the hands of the people whom the revolution was upper middle class and called for supposed to be helping the most. a two house legislature and an• After Robespierre’s death people executive body made up of five were tired of the revolution and men known as the directory. terror and just wanted things to • They were corrupt, but they did settle down. provide some stability to France.• They were also still dealing with high prices of food. One of the things the revolution promised to fix.