The French Revolution Liberty! Equality! Fraternity!
Absolute Rulers in Europe <ul><li>Monarch rules by divine right and decides what is best for the state. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Enlightenment Thought <ul><li>Reason should be used at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion, speech and the pre...
All is not well in the state of  France <ul><li>Before the revolution, the French people were divided into three groups. <...
The Third Estate <ul><li>The 1 st  and 2 nd  estate had many privileges, such as exemption from most taxation. This was no...
The Third Estate The Bourgeoisie The Sans Culottes
“ Le Defecit” otherwise known as: “Where did all the money go??? <ul><li>The royal family lived the life of luxury at Vers...
Third Estate demands more power   <ul><li>3 rd  Estate was unhappy with their lack of power. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result...
Not much love in the city of love. <ul><li>In Paris conditions were poor and there were food shortages. </li></ul><ul><li>...
The Fall of the Bastille <ul><li>July 17, 1789-Parisians stormed the Bastille. </li></ul><ul><li>This event was an importa...
Declaration of the Rights of Man <ul><li>Document created by the National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that all men h...
“The Great Fear” <ul><li>That summer there were riots in the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants burned the homes of no...
Consequences of “The Great Fear”. <ul><li>The National Assembly passed reforms ending class privileges.  </li></ul><ul><li...
“What glory, what honor to be a    Frenchmen!” Medallion celebrating the night of August 4 th . Night of August 4, 1789 in...
  Beginning of the end for    Louis XVI <ul><li>The constitution created by the National Assembly limited the power of the...
La Marseillaise <ul><li>Written during the French Revolution to encourage the soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The song became ...
The Execution of Louis XVI <ul><li>Louis XVI still disagreed with the demands of the new constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>L...
The Reign of Terror <ul><li>The Jacobins, the most radical of revolutionary parties, seize control of France. They create ...
The Reign of Terror Con’t <ul><li>17, 000 people, including priests, nobles, political opponents, and even former leaders ...
 Napoleon Bonaparte <ul><li>People eventually grew tired of the instability and bloodshed of the revolution.  </li></ul><u...
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The French Revolution2

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  • its july 14th,not 17th - the fall of bastille
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  • The French Revolution2

    1. 1. The French Revolution Liberty! Equality! Fraternity!
    2. 2. Absolute Rulers in Europe <ul><li>Monarch rules by divine right and decides what is best for the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Unlimited Power </li></ul><ul><li>Dominates upper classes </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages industry and trade </li></ul>Louis XVI of France
    3. 3. Enlightenment Thought <ul><li>Reason should be used at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion, speech and the press are essential </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty and equality should be shared by all </li></ul><ul><li>What other Enlightenment ideas did you learn about in class? Who had those ideas? </li></ul>
    4. 4. All is not well in the state of France <ul><li>Before the revolution, the French people were divided into three groups. </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Estate-Clergy </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate-Wealthy Nobility </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Estate- The Common People </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the 3 rd estate man on the bottom? What is the significance of this? </li></ul>The Three Estates
    5. 5. The Third Estate <ul><li>The 1 st and 2 nd estate had many privileges, such as exemption from most taxation. This was not true for the 3 rd estate. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 rd estate was the largest and most diverse group. </li></ul><ul><li>Included people such as doctors, shopkeepers, and peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the largest group, the 3 rd estate had almost no political power </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Third Estate The Bourgeoisie The Sans Culottes
    7. 7. “ Le Defecit” otherwise known as: “Where did all the money go??? <ul><li>The royal family lived the life of luxury at Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>However, the government was bankrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>The tax system placed a burden of the taxes on the 3 rd estate. </li></ul>What do you see in this political cartoon from the time?
    8. 8. Third Estate demands more power <ul><li>3 rd Estate was unhappy with their lack of power. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result they declared themselves the National Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>King declared their activities illegal, but the 3 rd estate would not budge until a constitution was written. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, the King backed down and the 1 st and 2 nd estates joined the National Assembly. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Not much love in the city of love. <ul><li>In Paris conditions were poor and there were food shortages. </li></ul><ul><li>Fearful of French troops sent by the King of France, mobs of people search for weapons. </li></ul>The ammunition was stored in the Bastille, a medieval fortress located in Paris.
    10. 10. The Fall of the Bastille <ul><li>July 17, 1789-Parisians stormed the Bastille. </li></ul><ul><li>This event was an important rallying point for the cause of revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>This symbolic event is still celebrated in France every year. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Declaration of the Rights of Man <ul><li>Document created by the National Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Stated that all men had equal rights under the law. </li></ul>
    12. 12. “The Great Fear” <ul><li>That summer there were riots in the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants burned the homes of nobles and monasteries. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Consequences of “The Great Fear”. <ul><li>The National Assembly passed reforms ending class privileges. </li></ul><ul><li>The nobility and clergy gave up their exemptions to taxes. </li></ul>
    14. 14. “What glory, what honor to be a Frenchmen!” Medallion celebrating the night of August 4 th . Night of August 4, 1789 in the National Assembly.
    15. 15. Beginning of the end for Louis XVI <ul><li>The constitution created by the National Assembly limited the power of the monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XVI did not like this, so he tried to leave the country. </li></ul><ul><li>King Louis was apprehended and met with jeers by angry crowds in Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>People will soon begin to demand an end the monarchy </li></ul>
    16. 16. La Marseillaise <ul><li>Written during the French Revolution to encourage the soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The song became the anthem of the revolution and in 1795 it became the national anthem. </li></ul>Roget de Lisle, composer of The Marseillaise
    17. 17. The Execution of Louis XVI <ul><li>Louis XVI still disagreed with the demands of the new constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>Louis was put on trial for his crimes and the legislative body of the new government voted for his execution. </li></ul>On January 23, 1792, Louis was sent to the guillotine.
    18. 18. The Reign of Terror <ul><li>The Jacobins, the most radical of revolutionary parties, seize control of France. They create the Committee of Public Safety, a special branch of government that had the responsibility of keeping the Republic together. It quickly began arresting and executing all “dangerous” persons. </li></ul>Robespierre
    19. 19. The Reign of Terror Con’t <ul><li>17, 000 people, including priests, nobles, political opponents, and even former leaders of the Revolution were sentenced to death. </li></ul><ul><li>The tool of execution was the guillotine. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Napoleon Bonaparte <ul><li>People eventually grew tired of the instability and bloodshed of the revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>The people accepted the coup d’etat of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799. </li></ul>

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