The Revolution Begins

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Setting the stage for the French revolution looking at social and economic conditions of France in the eve of the revolution.

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The Revolution Begins

  1. 1. “Setting the Stage”Beginning of the French Revolution18.1
  2. 2. 1. What were some ideas of theEnlightenment that contributed tothe revolution? Social Contract◦ the lower classes (Third Estate) could notunderstand why the upper classes werebenefiting from the labor of the peasants.The peasants questioned whether thegovernment was working to protect them.
  3. 3. The First Estate2. Who were they? Clergy3. What did they want? continue to not pay taxes protection of their property continued power in government
  4. 4. The Second Estate4. Who were they? Nobles5. What did they want? to keep top jobs in government, army,courts, and Church an end to absolutism to keep their privileges continue to not pay taxes
  5. 5. The Third Estate6. Who were they? Bourgeoisie (10%) Peasants (90%)7. What did they want? employment food lower taxes end to the corvée the right to hunt the 1st and 2nd Estates to share theburden
  6. 6. 8. What changes did the Estates-General attempt to make whencalled by Louis XVI? voting by population, that is, onerepresentative = one vote the Third Estate called for aconstitution
  7. 7. 9. Describe the change ingovernment the Tennis CourtOath created. the National Assembly swore to createa written constitution that laid outrights of the people and limited thepower of the monarch
  8. 8. 10. Why were urban workersdiscontented? many were unemployed those who had work, made a meagerliving, barely able to makes ends meet some turned to crime in order tosurvive
  9. 9. 10. Why were urban workersdiscontented? many were unemployed those who had work, made a meagerliving, barely able to makes ends meet some turned to crime in order tosurvive
  10. 10. 11. Name five reasons Francesuffered a financial crisis in thelate 1700s. deficit spending debt from the Seven Years’ War andthe American Revolution bad harvests increased taxes economic decline
  11. 11. 12. Why did Louis XVI finallyagree to summon the Estates-General? the wealthy classes demanded LouisXVI call the Estates-General beforemaking any changes the financial problems were so greatthat in order to raise taxes, theEstates-General had to be called
  12. 12. 13. Who participated in thestorming of the Bastille? Howdid supporters of the event viewthis? many Paris citizens (800 or so) whofeared a takeover of Paris by the royaltroops

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