• There are 3 type of nutritional anemia:• 1) Iron deficiency anemia• 2)vitamin B12 deficiency anemia• 3) Folic acid deficiency anemia
IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIAWHAT ?• Condition in which blood lacks adequate iron. Without iron body cant produce enough hemoglobin, a substance in red blood cells that enables red blood cells carry oxygen to the bodys tissues
SIGN AND SYMPTOM• Extreme fatigue• Pale skin• Weakness• Shortness of breath• Headache• Dizziness• Cold hands and feet• Inflammation or soreness of your tongue
CAUSE AND RISK FACTOR• Blood loss.• A lack of iron in your diet.• An inability to absorb iron.• Pregnancy.• Vegetarian• Frequent blood donors.
HEALTH EDUCATION• Encourage patient choose iron-rich foods :• Beans• Dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach• Dried fruit, such as raisins and apricots• Eggs• Iron-fortified cereals, breads• Peas• Red meat• Seafood
HEALTH EDUCATION• Choose foods containing vitamin C to enhance iron absorption :• Broccoli• Grapefruit• Kiwi• Leafy greens• Mangoes• Melons• Oranges• Peppers• Strawberries• Tomatoes
VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY ANEMIA• WHAT?• Condition in which the body has inadequate stores of vitamin B12. This vitamin is essential for many aspects of health, including the production of red blood cells.
SIGN AND SYMPTOM• Chest pain or heart palpitations• Confusion, memory loss• Constipation• Depression• Fatigue or weakness• Numbness or coldness of hands and feet• Poor appetite• Shortness of breath
CAUSE AND RISK FACTOR• Being an older adult• Tapeworm infestation• Pernicious anemia• Surgical removal of a portion of the small intestine• Vegans and strict vegetarians who do not eat meat, fish, eggs, or dairy products• Pregnant or breast-feeding women who are vegans or strict vegetarians
HEALTH EDUCATION• Eating a diet that includes a sufficient amount of vitamin B12. eg:
• Taking vitamin B12 supplements as recommended if you are at high risk for developing vitamin B12 deficiency.• Get a vitamin B12 injections can prevent you from anemia after surgeries known to cause vitamin B12 deficiency.
FOLIC ACID DEFICIENCY ANEMIA• WHAT?• Folic acid deficiency anemia happens when your body does not get enough folic acid.Folic acid is one of the B vitamins, and it helps your body make new cells, including new red blood cells.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTOR• Dont eat enough foods that contain folic acid.• Greater need for folic acid. This might happen if you are pregnant or have some medical problems, such as sickle cell disease.• pregnancy Sickle cell
CAUSES AND RISK FACTOR• Body doesnt absorb enough folic acid. This might happen if you drink too much alcohol or have severe kidney problems that require blood-cleaning procedures.• Take certain medicines, such as some used for cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and seizures.•• rheumatoid arthritis
SIGN AND SYMPTOM• Feel weak and tired.• Feel dizziness.• Be forgetful.• Feel grouchy.• Lose your appetite and lose weight.• Have trouble concentrating
HEALTH EDUCATION• Take folic acid pills each day to bring your folic acid level back up.
• Take foods rich folic acid include fortified breads and cereals, citrus fruits, and dark green, leafy vegetables.