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2015 iron deficiency anemia


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iron deficiency anemia

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2015 iron deficiency anemia

  1. 1. Primary health care Islamic university UNRWA calinic
  2. 2. content  Definition &: Overview  Causes  Risk Factors  Symptoms  Diagnosis  Anemia in Women  Complications  Treatment &prevention  Feed back & ?*
  3. 3. Overview  Anemia occurs when level of (RBCs) lower than normal.  iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia,  and it occurs when your body doesn’t have enough of the mineral iron.  body needs iron to make a protein hemoglobin.  This protein is responsible for carrying oxygen to your body’s tissues, which is essential for your tissues and muscles to function effectively.  When there isn’t enough iron can’t get the amount of oxygen it needs.  In women of childbearing age is common
  4. 4. Causes  Inadequate Iron Intake  Eating too little iron over an extended amount of time can cause a shortage in body. Foods such as meat, eggs, and some green leafy vegetables are high in iron.  Because iron is essential during times of rapid growth and development, pregnant women and young children may need even more iron-rich foods in their diet
  5. 5. causes  Pregnancy or Blood Loss Due to Menstruation In women of childbearing age, the most common causes of iron deficiency anemia are heavy menstrual bleeding and blood loss during childbirth.  Internal Bleeding Certain medical conditions can cause internal bleeding, which can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Examples include an ulcer stomach,, or colon cancer. Regular use of pain relievers, such as aspirin, can also cause bleeding in the stomach.  Inability to Absorb Iron Certain disorders or surgeries that affect the intestines can also interfere with how your body absorbs iron
  6. 6. Risk Factors  women of childbearing age  pregnant women  people with poor diets  people who donate blood frequently  infants and children, especially those born prematurely or experiencing a growth spurt  vegetarians who don’t replace meat with another iron-rich food
  7. 7. What Are the Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia?  general fatigue  weakness  pale skin  shortness of breath  dizziness  strange cravings to eat items that aren’t food, such as dirt, ice, or clay  a tingling or crawling feeling in the legs  tongue swelling or soreness  cold hands and feet  fast or irregular heartbeat  brittle nails  headaches
  8. 8. Diagnosis  the hematocrit level, which is the percent of blood volume that is made up of RBCs  the hemoglobin level  the size of your RBCs  Hypochromic, microcytic anemia (low MCHC, low MCV)
  9. 9. Diagnosis  iron level in your blood  RBC size and color  RBCs are pale in color if they’re deficient in iron.  ferritin levels  Ferritin is a protein that helps with iron storage in your body. Low levels of ferritin indicate low iron storage.  total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)  Transferrin is a protein that transports iron. A TIBC test is used to determine the amount transferrin that’s carrying iron.
  10. 10. Complications  Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat ^^CHF  Pregnancy Complications  prematurely or with a low birth weight.  Delayed Growth in Infants and Children  may also be more likely to experience infections.
  11. 11. Treatment 1- Iron Supplements  take iron tablets on an empty stomach, which helps the body absorb them better.  If they upset stomach, you can take them with meals.  need to take the supplements for several months  Iron supplements may cause constipation or stools that are black in color  take them with vitamin C helps the body absorb iron  MUST NOT taken with milk and tea interfering
  12. 12.  Diet  Diets high that include the following foods can help treat or prevent iron deficiency:  red meat  dark green, leafy vegetables  dried fruits  nuts  iron-fortified cereals  Additionally, vitamin C helps your body absorb iron. If you’re taking iron tablets, a doctor might suggest taking the tablets along with a source of vitamin C, like a glass of orange juice or citrus fruit.
  13. 13.  Foods high in iron include:  meat, such as lamb, pork, chicken, and beef  beans  pumpkin and squash seeds  leafy greens, such as spinach  raisins and other dried fruit  eggs  seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters  iron-fortified dry and instant cereals  Foods high in vitamin C include:  citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, kiwis, guavas, papayas, pineapples, melons, and mangoes  broccoli  red and green bell peppers  Brussels sprouts  cauliflower  tomatoes  leafy greens