Primary health care
Definition &: Overview
Anemia in Women
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Anemia occurs when level of (RBCs) lower than
iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of
and it occurs when your body doesn’t have enough
of the mineral iron.
body needs iron to make a protein hemoglobin.
This protein is responsible for carrying oxygen to
your body’s tissues, which is essential for your
tissues and muscles to function effectively.
When there isn’t enough iron can’t get the amount of
oxygen it needs.
In women of childbearing age is common
Inadequate Iron Intake
Eating too little iron over an extended
amount of time can cause a shortage in
body. Foods such as meat, eggs, and
some green leafy vegetables are high in
Because iron is essential during times of
rapid growth and development, pregnant
women and young children may need even
more iron-rich foods in their diet
Pregnancy or Blood Loss Due to Menstruation
In women of childbearing age, the most common
causes of iron deficiency anemia are heavy
menstrual bleeding and blood loss during childbirth.
Certain medical conditions can cause internal
bleeding, which can lead to iron deficiency anemia.
Examples include an ulcer stomach,, or colon
cancer. Regular use of pain relievers, such as
aspirin, can also cause bleeding in the stomach.
Inability to Absorb Iron
Certain disorders or surgeries that affect the
intestines can also interfere with how your body
women of childbearing age
people with poor diets
people who donate blood frequently
infants and children, especially those
born prematurely or experiencing a
vegetarians who don’t replace meat with
another iron-rich food
What Are the Symptoms of
Iron Deficiency Anemia?
shortness of breath
strange cravings to eat items that aren’t food, such
as dirt, ice, or clay
a tingling or crawling feeling in the legs
tongue swelling or soreness
cold hands and feet
fast or irregular heartbeat
the hematocrit level, which is the percent of
blood volume that is made up of RBCs
the hemoglobin level
the size of your RBCs
Hypochromic, microcytic anemia (low
MCHC, low MCV)
iron level in your blood
RBC size and color
RBCs are pale in color if they’re deficient in iron.
Ferritin is a protein that helps with iron storage in your
body. Low levels of ferritin indicate low iron storage.
total iron-binding capacity (TIBC)
Transferrin is a protein that transports iron. A TIBC
test is used to determine the amount transferrin that’s
Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat ^^CHF
prematurely or with a low birth weight.
Delayed Growth in Infants and
may also be more likely to experience
1- Iron Supplements
take iron tablets on an empty stomach, which helps
the body absorb them better.
If they upset stomach, you can take them with
need to take the supplements for several months
Iron supplements may cause constipation or stools
that are black in color
take them with vitamin C helps the body absorb iron
MUST NOT taken with milk and tea interfering
Diets high that include the following foods can help
treat or prevent iron deficiency:
dark green, leafy vegetables
Additionally, vitamin C helps your body absorb iron. If
you’re taking iron tablets, a doctor might suggest
taking the tablets along with a source of vitamin C,
like a glass of orange juice or citrus fruit.
Foods high in iron include:
meat, such as lamb, pork, chicken, and beef
pumpkin and squash seeds
leafy greens, such as spinach
raisins and other dried fruit
seafood, such as clams, sardines, shrimp, and oysters
iron-fortified dry and instant cereals
Foods high in vitamin C include:
citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, strawberries, kiwis,
guavas, papayas, pineapples, melons, and mangoes
red and green bell peppers