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Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
Five themes of geography
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Five themes of geography

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  • 1. The Five Themes of Geography
  • 2. Theme 1: Location <ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it There? </li></ul><ul><li>Two Types of Location </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute </li></ul><ul><li>Relative </li></ul>
  • 3. Absolute Location <ul><li>- A specific place on the Earth’s surface - Uses a grid system </li></ul><ul><li>- Latitude and longitude - A global address </li></ul>Prime Meridian Equator Tropical Temperate Temperate Polar Polar
  • 4. Absolute Location What is the approximate Longitude and Latitude of Smithtown, N.Y.?
  • 5. Find the Absolute Location <ul><li>Lima, Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai, China </li></ul><ul><li>Sydney, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Cairo, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>12° S Lat, 77º W Long </li></ul><ul><li>31° N Lat, 121º E Long </li></ul><ul><li>34° S Lat, 151º E Long </li></ul><ul><li>30° N Lat, 31º E Long </li></ul>Relative Location <ul><li>Where a place is in relation to another place. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses directional words to describe location. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Described by landmarks, time, direction or distance. From one place to another. (Go 1 mile west on main street and turn left for 1 block.) </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Theme 2: Place <ul><li>Land Features </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains, plains, and plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies of Water </li></ul>Human Characteristics Physical Characteristics <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings and Landmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul>
  • 7. Landforms
  • 8. Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction <ul><li>How People Interact With Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>People . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Modify Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Depend on Their Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People heat and cool buildings for comfort. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People use the Tennessee River for water and transportation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People wear clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and winter (coats), rain and shine. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 9. Theme 4: Movement <ul><li>How are Places linked to one another and the world </li></ul><ul><li>How are people, goods, ideas moved from place to place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human and Product Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trucks, Trains, Planes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phones, computer (email), mail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do fads move from place to place? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TV, Radio, Magazines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 10. Theme 5: Regions <ul><li>What Places Have in Common? </li></ul><ul><li>Political Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Landform Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular Regions (Perceptions) </li></ul>States, Countries, Cities Rocky Mountain region, the Caribbean, the Amazon Chinatown, Little Italy Middle East, the South, Scandinavia Corn Belt, Gangetic Plain, Fertile Crescent

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