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5 themes of geography pp


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5 themes of geography pp

  1. 1. Geography <br />What is geography?<br />Geography is the study of the earth’s surface, land, features and people. <br />
  2. 2. Why classify geography into 5 Themes?<br />The five themes of geography were created to help geographers organize information.<br />
  3. 3. 5 Themes of Geography <br />Location<br />Movement<br />Region<br />Place<br />HEI (Human Environment Interaction)<br />
  4. 4. Location<br />2 types:<br />Absolute location – Describes an exact spot on earth. This type of location requires latitude and longitude coordinates or a postal address.<br />Relative location – Describes the position of a place in relation to another place. Uses directions, landmarks, time or distance from one place to another.<br />
  5. 5. Absolute Location<br />Washington, D.C. is located at 40N latitude and 80W longitude.<br />
  6. 6. Absolute Location<br />Durant Road Middle school is located at 10401 Durant road, Raleigh, NC 27614.<br />
  7. 7. Relative Locationexamples<br />“The hospital is one mile north of Durant Road Middle School.” <br />“Take Capital blvd. north. Turn right on Main street. Go about ½ a mile and turn right to get to The Factory.”<br />Can you think of an example of relative location?????<br />
  8. 8. Place<br />What’s it like? The physical and human features (characteristics) of a location that make it unique. There are 2 categories of place:<br />Physical Features<br />Human Features<br />
  9. 9. Place – Physical Features<br />Landforms, climate, wildlife, natural resources, architecture, and other factors that make a place unique.<br />
  10. 10. Place – Human Features<br />Language, food, religion, ethnicity, clothing, customs and other factors related to people and how they live.<br />
  11. 11. HEI (Human Environment Interaction)<br />Describes the ways in which humans interact with the environment. It also describes the effect of the environment on people.<br />Depend<br />Adapt<br />Modify<br />
  12. 12. HEI – Depend <br />People involved in farming, fishing, mining raw materials and tourism DEPEND on the environment to live or make a living.<br />
  13. 13. HEI - Adapt<br />* This is the most difficult way! It means leaving the environment unchanged. <br />* Environmentalists, especially those concerned with preserving the wilderness, like to leave the air, water, and land alone. Tourism relies on preserving things as they are. <br />* People must adjust their lifestyles (clothing, housing, sports) to adapt to the environment in which they live.<br />* How can climate/weather affect the settlement of people and how they live?? Give an example.<br />
  14. 14. HEI - Adapt<br />
  15. 15. HEI - Modify<br />Modifymeans to change in some way. People change the environment when they build roads, bridges, canals, dams, houses, and buildings.<br />Positive change – Can you think of ways that humans change or modify the environment in a positive (good) way??? Negative (bad) way???<br />
  16. 16. Region<br />Regions are parts of the world that share one or more common characteristics/features that distinguish it from surrounding areas.<br />Regions can be defined in many different ways. For example:<br />Language type<br />Landform groups (Piedmont, Coastal plain, mountains)<br />Government or political regions<br />
  17. 17. Regions<br />
  18. 18. Movement <br />Includes the movement of people, products/goods, information and ideas within and between countries.<br />*How do goods/products get from one place to another?<br />* What methods do people use to communicate ideas and information?<br />
  19. 19. Movement of goods/products <br />
  20. 20. Movement of ideas/information<br />