The 5 Themes of Geography

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An introduction to the Five Themes of Geography. Suitable for Social Studies 8 or 9.

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The 5 Themes of Geography

  1. 1. THE 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY
  2. 2. ge·og·ra·phy1 : a science that deals with the description,distribution, and interaction of the diversephysical, biological, and cultural features ofthe earths surfaceSource-Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary
  3. 3. IN PLAIN ENGLISH: Geography is the study of the earth and everything on it.
  4. 4. THE FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY1. Location2. Place3. Human-Environment Interaction4. Movement5. Regions
  5. 5. 1. LOCATION: Where is it? Why is it located there? Absolute  Relative Location Location  Is given in degrees of  Relative location depends latitude and longitude upon point of reference. (global location) or a Eg. Near, far, a short street address (local drive. location).  Described by landmarks, o  Paris, France is 48 time, direction or North Latitude and 2o distance. From one place East Longitude. to another.  The White House is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave.
  6. 6. 2. PLACE: What is it like? Physical Characteristics  Landforms (mountains, plains, etc.), bodies of water (oceans, lakes, bays, etc.), ecosystems (soil, plants, animals, and climate)
  7. 7. 2. PLACE: What is it like? Human Characteristics  Bridges, roads, buildings, culture, languages, beliefs.  All places have features that distinguish them from other places.
  8. 8. 3. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION How do people interact with and change their environment?  We depend on the environment.  Ex. People depend on rivers for water and transportation.  We adapt to the environment.  Ex. We adapt to the environment by wearing clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and winter (coats), rain and shine.  We modify the environment.  Ex. People modify their environment by heating and cooling buildings for comfort.
  9. 9. 4. MOVEMENT How are people and places linked by communication and the flow of people, products and information/ideas?  Movement of People  Cars, Trucks, Trains, Planes  Movement of Products  Cars, Trucks, Trains, Planes  Movement of Information/ideas  Phones, computer (email), mail  TV, Radio, Magazines
  10. 10. 5. REGIONS What are regions and how are they useful?  Regions can be defined on the basis of physical and human characteristics  Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret information.
  11. 11. REMEMBERING THE 5 THEMES If you can’t remember what they are just ask MR. HELP!!! M – Movement R – Regions HE – Human Environment interaction L – Location P - Place
  12. 12. SUMMARY CHART
  13. 13. 1. Location2. Place3. Human-EnvironmentInteraction4. Movement PRACTICE: Discuss the5. Regions 5 THEMES in this picture.
  14. 14. 1. Location2. Place3. Human-EnvironmentInteraction4. Movement PRACTICE: Discuss the5. Regions 5 THEMES in this picture.
  15. 15. 1. Location2. Place3. Human-EnvironmentInteraction4. Movement PRACTICE: Discuss the5. Regions 5 THEMES in this picture.

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