Themes and Essential Elements of Geography<br />Section 2<br />
Learning Geography<br />5 important themes<br />Location: exact or relative spot of something on Earth<br />Place: physica...
The World in Spatial Terms<br />Focuses on geography’s spatial perspective<br />Location:<br />Absolute location: an exact...
Places & Regions<br />Earth’s surface divided into different places and regions<br />Used to differentiate areas of the wo...
Physical Systems<br />Shape Earth’s features<br />Earthquakes, mountains, rivers, volcanoes, weather patterns<br />How pla...
Human Systems<br />Study of human activities, movements, & settlements shape Earth’s surface<br />Movement:<br />Of people...
Environment & Society<br />Human actions affect the environment<br />Earth’s physical systems affect human activities<br /...
The Uses of Geography<br />Helps us understand the relationship among people, places, & the environment over time<br />Hel...
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Section 2

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Section 2

  1. 1. Themes and Essential Elements of Geography<br />Section 2<br />
  2. 2. Learning Geography<br />5 important themes<br />Location: exact or relative spot of something on Earth<br />Place: physical & human features of a location<br />Human-environment interaction: the ways people and environments affect each other<br />Movement: how people change locations and how goods are traded as well as the effects of these movements<br />Region: organizes Earth into geographic areas with one or more shared characteristics<br />National Geography Standards<br />Geography For Life<br />Six essential elements<br />The world in spatial terms<br />Places and Regions<br />Physical Systems<br />Human Systems, Environment & Society<br />The Uses of Geography<br />
  3. 3. The World in Spatial Terms<br />Focuses on geography’s spatial perspective<br />Location:<br />Absolute location: an exact spot on Earth<br />Grid lines of latitude and longitude<br />Relative location: position of a place in relation to another place<br />Measurements of direction, distance, or time can help<br />Use of maps and other geographic tools & technologies are used to determine spatial perspective<br />Knowing how to organize & analyze information about people, places, & environments to use geographic tools<br />
  4. 4. Places & Regions<br />Earth’s surface divided into different places and regions<br />Used to differentiate areas of the world<br />Deals with how people have created regions based on Earth’s features and how culture and other factors affect how we see places and regions<br />Places<br />Described by physical location & physical and human features<br />Physical features: coastlines & landforms, lakes, rivers, or soil types<br />Can be described by climate<br />Regions<br />Area with one or more shared characteristics<br />Characteristics used with places also used with regions<br />Vary in size<br />Boundaries vary<br />Deserts, forests, grasslands, etc.<br />Also described as cultural, economic, or political<br />
  5. 5. Physical Systems<br />Shape Earth’s features<br />Earthquakes, mountains, rivers, volcanoes, weather patterns<br />How plants & animals relate to living physical systems<br />How different types of plants, animals, & physical features are distributed on Earth<br />
  6. 6. Human Systems<br />Study of human activities, movements, & settlements shape Earth’s surface<br />Movement:<br />Of people & ideas<br />Need to know how and why people move from place to place<br />People move for many different reasons<br />Spread of ideas & behaviors also important<br />Movement through communication<br />Through technology, films, magazines, newspapers, radio, tv<br />Movement of ideas or behaviors from one region to another is called diffusion<br />
  7. 7. Environment & Society<br />Human actions affect the environment<br />Earth’s physical systems affect human activities<br />Human-Environmental Interaction<br />How people & surroundings affect each other<br />Examined in 3 ways<br />How humans depend on their physical environment to survive<br />How human change their behavior to be better suited to an environment<br />How human change the environment<br />
  8. 8. The Uses of Geography<br />Helps us understand the relationship among people, places, & the environment over time<br />Helps to make plans for the future<br />

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