German Culture Ppt


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  • German history did of course exist before 1814, but I decided to begin the timeline when the German confederation was declared. There were many things happening within Germany that are not included in this timeline, but these are some of the highlights.
  • Classical music is the mainstream music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and secular music , encompassing a broad period from roughly the 9th century to present times . Often referred to as Bach , he was a German composer and organist whose ecclesiastical and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. Bach’s works were revered for their artistic beauty, technical command, and intellectual depth. His works include the list you see here. And here is an example of Bach’s Fugue in D Minor. This piece is very familiar to most people and it is played on the organ. (start video at :15)
  • Mozart was an influential composer of the Classical era . He composed over 600 works , many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic , concertante , chamber , piano , operatic , and choral music . He is among the most enduringly popular of classical composers. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood in Salzburg . Already competent on keyboard and violin , he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty.
  • A German composer , conductor , theatre director and essayist , primarily known for his operas (or "music dramas", as they were later called). Unlike most other opera composers, Wagner wrote both the music and libretto for every one of his works. Richard Wagner was best known for his operas but he also composed other musical pieces. These include a single symphony (written at the age of 19), a Faust symphony and some overtures, choral and piano pieces,
  • German folk music has traditionally focused on celebrating Germany's history, natural surroundings, the German culture and German values. These songs, called “Volkslieder,” were sung by school choirs and were lauded by the government. Grandparents and children alike sang these songs to celebrate their German heritage. Songs with a Message Some German folk focuses on virtues or admirable character qualities. These songs are sung to encourage good character and morality. This German folk song celebrates the change of the seasons, when the cold weather of winter has passed and is replaced by the warmth of spring. Because it can be quite gloomy in Germany in the winter, there are several folk songs written about the change of the seasons. The example of German folk music is a song called Die Mayrhofner - Zillertaler san ma
  • Volksmusik is the common umbrella designation of a number of related styles of traditional country music from the Alpine regions of Austria and Germany. It tends to be dialect-heavy and invokes local and regional lifestyles and traditions, particularly those of the Alpine farmers and rural people. Typical instruments include the steirische harmonika (a special kind of button accordion) and acoustic guitars and even zithers, harmonicas and alpenhorns. Volksmusik continues to be performed by many local groups throughout the Europeon Alpine region and in many other countries where much of the population is of Austrian or German descent. The example that we have is a song called Herz Schmerz Polka
  • Krautrock is an eclectic and often very original mix of Anglo-American post- psychedelic jamming and moody progressive rock mixed with ideas from contemporary experimental classical music and from the new experimental directions that emerged in jazz during the 1960s and 1970s. Moving away from the patterns of song structure and melody of much rock music in America and Britain, some in the movement also drove the music to a more mechanical and electronic sound. Song representation is “Krautrock” by Faust. (Start at 2:35)
  • The Hamburger Schule ( German for School of Hamburg ) was a musical current in Germany during the 1980s and early 1990s, encompassing elements from punk , grunge and experimental pop , and featuring intelligent lyrics. It established new grounds for the use of German language in pop music. By the mid 1990s, three bands met with great commercial success: Blumfeld , Die Sterne , and Tocotronic . The Hamburger Schule became known as the epitome of German Indie pop music. Artist for our Hamburger Schule representation is Blumfeld.
  • Musically, the early Neue Deutsche Welle underground (from about 1976 to 1981) was art-damaged and proto-electronic. By 1984, the scene had quickly expanded to include brooding, layered goth sounds and minimal pop. Today in Berlin, you can go to "oldies" bars that only play pop Neue Deutsche Welle–a bit like going to bad '80s nights in the U.S.
  • One of Germany’s most important traditions. the German holiday season is a time for introspection, celebration, and family and friends; it is less consumption-oriented than in the United States. Not only the holiday itself, but also the weeks leading up to the celebration of Christmas involve many traditions and customs of diverse origins. Advent: The German Christmas season officially begins with the first Sunday of Advent. Stollen, the oldest known German Christmas treat, and Christmas cookies (Plätzchen) are often baked during this time. Gingerbread houses, nativity scenes, hand-carved wooden Nutcracker figures (Nussknacker), Christmas pyramids (Weihnachtspyramiden), and lighted city streets and homes are all signs that Christmas is on its way. Christmas Market The town squares, normally dark early in winter months, are lit up and buzzing with activity during this time. Townspeople gather together, listen to brass band music, drink beer or hot mulled wine ( Glühwein ) or apple cider, and enjoy the hearty traditional fare of the region. Vendors peddle baked goods. Christmas tree decorations, seasonal items, and handcrafted articles, such as wooden toys and hand-blown glass ornaments, are also sold. Christmas markets date back to at least the 14th century and were one of the many markets held throughout the year. It was here that people bought everything they needed for the Christmas celebration. Until well into the 20th century, the Christmas Markets were the only place for people to buy such seasonal items. Santa Claus The figure of Santa Claus, known in Germany as der Weihnachtsmann (literally, "the Christmas man"), is a direct descendant of Saint Nicholas, as can easily be seen from the derivation of the name "Santa Claus". a bearded old man in a long, brown, hooded fur coat who traveled on a reindeer-drawn sled. Carrying a staff and nuts, respectively symbolizing fertility and non-perishable, substantial nourishment, this figure from Lapland represented preparation for the long winter season ahead. This figure likely in turn descends from the god Thor or another deity from Germanic mythology. The Weihnachtsmann , much like Santa Claus, is depicted as a jolly old man with a long white beard in a red fur suit, with a sack of presents and a switch. On Christmas Eve he leaves gifts for the well-behaved children and punishes those who have been bad. He doesn't arrive through the chimney, but rather slips in and out just long enough to leave the gifts, usually before children can catch a glimpse of him. Depending on the German-speaking region, today it is either the Weihnachtsmann or the Christkind (Christ child) who leaves gifts for the children to open on December 24th in Germany. Christmas Trees The first known Christmas tree was set up in 1419 in Freiburg by the town bakers, who decorated the tree with fruits, nuts, and baked goods, which the children were allowed to remove and eat on New Year's Day. The town guilds and associations first brought evergreens inside their guild houses and decorated them with apples and sweets. Candles were eventually added to the decorations. The custom was brought to North America by German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and Ohio in the 18th century. The Tannenbaum is taken down on New Year's Day or on January 6th, Three King's Day, at which time the children can ransack the tree for the sweets and treats that decorated it.
  • All of the citizens of Munich were invited. Originally lasted five days held on the fields in front of the city gates. Anniversary’s were held annually from then on and eventually became larger and more elaborate. 1.5 million gallons of beer consumed, 200,000 pairs of sausages 480,000 spit roasted chicken
  • German Culture Ppt

    1. 1. <ul><li>Culture Presentation for </li></ul><ul><li>Education 351 </li></ul><ul><li>Meghann Hall and Rosanna Sartore </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>Why we chose this country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many German families and people in the area, including Meghann’s fiance’s family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rosanna’s family lived in Germany for several years since her father was stationed there while he was in the military </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We believed that we could interest our students due to our personal ties to the country and its people. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>To begin a unit on Germany, we recommend the following activity to build on prior knowledge of students. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating a word web as a class to see what students know and do not know about the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This should be done on a poster board and kept throughout the unit. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Show the country in relation to where we are (not just a map of Germany) </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>1814The Congress of Vienna established the German Confederation of 39 independent German states. </li></ul><ul><li>1864War; Prussia and Austria vs. Denmark. </li></ul><ul><li>1914Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina provoking WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>1918Armistice ending World War. </li></ul><ul><li>1918The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I and the Rhineland was placed under Allied occupation for 15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>1918Germany was declared a republic. </li></ul><ul><li>1933Adolf Hitler appointed chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg. </li></ul><ul><li>1933The Third Reich. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>1938Annexation of Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>1938Sudetenland (largely German-speaking) portion of Czechoslovakia occupied. </li></ul><ul><li>1939 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia. </li></ul><ul><li>1939Invasion of Poland and the beginning of World War II in Europe (two days later). </li></ul><ul><li>1945 Germany surrenders. </li></ul><ul><li>1955 West Germany obtains independence. </li></ul><ul><li>1961 The Berlin Wall was built. </li></ul><ul><li>1972Munich, West Germany (now Germany) hosts Summer Olympic Games. </li></ul><ul><li>1989The Berlin Wall was demolished and Communist East Germans were able to travel to the West. </li></ul><ul><li>1990East and West Germany </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Sartore’s memories of people from Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The music I remember depends on where we were. Some restaurants and things played traditional music that reminded me of Ockoberfests. I also remember more popular music that was sang in German instead of English. My favorite musical memory involves outdoor Christmas markets (flea market set up but with new items) that played Christmas music. It was just a fun, different atmosphere to shop in.” </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>“ Most people would hear my American accent when I tried to speak in German, so they began speaking in English to me. It was just kind of a natural thing.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ German people we met were very traditional, especially when it comes to male and female roles. They also treat children very differently. Our neighbors would leave their 3 year old daughter at home sleeping and go down the block to a local pub.” </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>“ Things seemed more local. If you drove for more than an hour or two, it was far away. We think nothing of driving up to Indy for a weekend, but going that far would be a week-long bus/train trip for most German people.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t remember any nursing homes. Family was important, to the extent that mothers-in-law would live with families. Everyone would come home at lunch to eat with the family, then return to work or school a few hours later.” </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Money Activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of just showing money from another place or country, compare their money to the money that children see on a regular basis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Woodcarving (Black Forest Area to the south) </li></ul><ul><li>Beer steins </li></ul><ul><li>Crests </li></ul><ul><li>Think of what you would choose to be artifacts to represent Southern Indiana </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Wurst (prounounce it like it rhymes with first and starts with a “v”) </li></ul><ul><li>Spaetzle—noodles </li></ul><ul><li>Schnitzel—breaded, pan fried meat </li></ul><ul><li>Brotchen and brot—bread, very popular </li></ul><ul><li>Kraut—can be more sweet or sour depending on the region where it is made </li></ul><ul><li>Palm Fritz—German version of french fries </li></ul><ul><li>Wein—vine, there were many vineyards in several regions, which makes wine popular </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Classical German Musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) </li></ul><ul><li>Brandenburg concertos </li></ul><ul><li>Goldberg Variations </li></ul><ul><li>Mass in B Minor </li></ul><ul><li>St. Matthew Passion </li></ul><ul><li>St. John Passion </li></ul><ul><li>Passion </li></ul><ul><li>English and French Suites </li></ul><ul><li>Sonatas and Partitas for solo </li></ul><ul><li>More than 200 surviving organ works, including the Toccata and Fugue in D minor </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) </li></ul><ul><li>Piano Concerto No. 24 in C </li></ul><ul><li>The opera Don Giovanni </li></ul><ul><li>Symphony No. 40 in G minor </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>Richard Wagner (1813-1883) </li></ul><ul><li>Die Feen (The Fairies) </li></ul><ul><li>The Flying Dutchman </li></ul><ul><li>Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde) </li></ul><ul><li>Die Walkure (The Valkyrie) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>German Folk Music </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates the history </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates culture </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates the natural surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates the values of the people of Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates the changing of the seasons </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Volksmusik </li></ul><ul><li>From the Alpine regions of Austria and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Dialect heavy </li></ul><ul><li>Invokes regional lifestyle and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on Alpine farmers and rural people </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Krautrock </li></ul><ul><li>Tangerine Dream </li></ul><ul><li>Can </li></ul><ul><li>Amon Duul II </li></ul><ul><li>Ash Ra Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Faust </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Hamburger Schule </li></ul><ul><li>Cpt. Kirk &. </li></ul><ul><li>Kolossale Juggend </li></ul><ul><li>Die Erde </li></ul><ul><li>Selig </li></ul><ul><li>Blumfeld </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Deutsche Welle (German New Wave) </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria! </li></ul><ul><li>D.A.F </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrolater </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal </li></ul><ul><li>Trio </li></ul><ul><li>Nena </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Lively couple dance </li></ul><ul><li>Bohemian in origin </li></ul><ul><li>Performed in 2/4 time </li></ul><ul><li>Basic pattern is hop-step-close-step </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>Weihnachten (Christmas) </li></ul><ul><li>Advent </li></ul><ul><li>Weihnachtsmärkte (Christmas Market) </li></ul><ul><li>Der Weihnachtsmann (Santa Claus) </li></ul><ul><li>Der Tannenbaum (Christmas Tree) </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Brothers Grimm Fairy Tales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cinderella </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hansel and Grethel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow-White </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapunzel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two brothers (Jacob and Wilhelm) wrote these stories to preserve Germanic folktales </li></ul><ul><li>Stories very different today </li></ul><ul><li>Classes could read different versions to compare and contrast them </li></ul><ul><li>Students could also use the fairy tales to learn concepts such as character, plot, setting, foreshadowing, etc. </li></ul>
    23. 23. <ul><li>Oktoberfest </li></ul><ul><li>Began in 1815 in celebration of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig to the Saxon-Hildburghausen Princess Therese </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest festival </li></ul><ul><li>Held annually in Munich Germany </li></ul><ul><li>16 Day Party </li></ul><ul><li>6 million people attend </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>Colors of Germany by Holly Littlefield </li></ul><ul><li>Germany ABCs by Sarah Heiman </li></ul><ul><li>Countries of the World: Germany by Henry Russell </li></ul><ul><li>The Cat by Jutta Richter (Chapter book to read aloud to class) </li></ul><ul><li>Read page 12 Of the Colors of Germany book in class </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own picture and description based on the presentation, can use as part of the final assessment in a classroom </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>Bring out the poster board that was created as the opening activity for this cultural unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a class discussion to determine the following things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What facts were proven true? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What facts were proven false? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What new facts did you learn? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was your favorite part of the unit? </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>Interview with Rose and Chris Sartore </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>