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Five themes of geography


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Five themes of geography

  1. 1. The Five Themes of Geography
  2. 2. Theme 1: Location <ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it There? </li></ul><ul><li>Two Types of Location </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute </li></ul><ul><li>Relative </li></ul>
  3. 3. Absolute Location <ul><li>- A specific place on the Earth’s surface - Uses a grid system </li></ul><ul><li>- Latitude and longitude - A global address </li></ul>Prime Meridian Equator Tropical Temperate Temperate Polar Polar
  4. 4. Absolute Location What is the approximate Longitude and Latitude of Smithtown, N.Y.?
  5. 5. Find the Absolute Location <ul><li>Lima, Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Shanghai, China </li></ul><ul><li>Sydney, Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Cairo, Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>12° S Lat, 77º W Long </li></ul><ul><li>31° N Lat, 121º E Long </li></ul><ul><li>34° S Lat, 151º E Long </li></ul><ul><li>30° N Lat, 31º E Long </li></ul>Relative Location <ul><li>Where a place is in relation to another place. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses directional words to describe location. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Described by landmarks, time, direction or distance. From one place to another. (Go 1 mile west on main street and turn left for 1 block.) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Theme 2: Place <ul><li>Land Features </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains, plains, and plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies of Water </li></ul>Human Characteristics Physical Characteristics <ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings and Landmarks </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul>
  7. 7. Landforms
  8. 8. Theme 3: Human Environment Interaction <ul><li>How People Interact With Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>People . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt to Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Modify Their Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Depend on Their Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People heat and cool buildings for comfort. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People use the Tennessee River for water and transportation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- People wear clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and winter (coats), rain and shine. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Theme 4: Movement <ul><li>How are Places linked to one another and the world </li></ul><ul><li>How are people, goods, ideas moved from place to place? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human and Product Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trucks, Trains, Planes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phones, computer (email), mail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How do fads move from place to place? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TV, Radio, Magazines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Theme 5: Regions <ul><li>What Places Have in Common? </li></ul><ul><li>Political Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Landform Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Regions </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular Regions (Perceptions) </li></ul>States, Countries, Cities Rocky Mountain region, the Caribbean, the Amazon Chinatown, Little Italy Middle East, the South, Scandinavia Corn Belt, Gangetic Plain, Fertile Crescent