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Physical Impairments 97 2003
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Physical Impairments 97 2003


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Presentation on Physical impairments of students

Presentation on Physical impairments of students

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  • 1. PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS Gilbert Acosta and Gladys Uy ED443 Assistive/Adaptive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus
  • 2. OBJECTIVES By the end of the presentation you will be able to:
    • Explain how physical disabilities are organized.
    • Describe accommodations to the learning environment that help students with physical disabilities.
    • Explain how barriers that people with physical disabilities experience can be reduced.
    • What are causes and preventions of physical disabilities.
  • 3. Federal Government Orthopedic Impairment Definition Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease and impairments from other causes.
  • 4. Prevalence of Orthopedic Impairment Nation wide Physical disabilities in children are low incidence disabilities. The physical disabilities category includes some .13 percent of all students. Guam (School year 2006-2007) Special Education students 2,242 7% Physical impairment Total students 31,269
  • 5. Organization of Physical Impairments
    • Neuromotor Impairments
    • Cerebral Palsy
    • Multiple Sclerosis
    • Muscular Dystrophy
    • Polio
    • Seizure disorders
    • Spinal cord disorders
    • Muscular and Skeletal Conditions
    • Juvenile Arthritis
    • Limb deficiencies
    • Skeletal disorders
  • 6. Cerebral Palsy
    • Incurable and nonprogressive condition caused by brain injury
    • Limits individual’s ability to control muscle groups or motor functioning
  • 7. Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
    • Chronic disease usually in adults
    • Myelin covering nerve fibers of brain/spinal cord deteriorate
    • No transmission of electrical signals from brain to other body parts
  • 8. Muscular Dystrophy (MD)
    • Rare, incurable, progressive disease, weakens and then destroys the affected individual’s muscles.
  • 9. Polio
  • 10. Seizure Disorders
    • Convulsions or seizures caused by abnormal brain electrical activity.
    • First aid for seizures
    • If person's mouth open, place folded cloth, soft object between teeth will protect his tongue.
  • 11. Spinal Cord Disorders
    • Typically the result of injuries from accidents or abuse, can cause severe motor impairments and even paralysis.
  • 12. Juvenile Arthritis
    • Disease caused by an autoimmune process resulting in swelling, immobility, and pain in joints.
  • 13. Limb Deficiencies
    • Caused by congenital or from injuries, limbs are shortened, absent, or malformed.
  • 14. Skeletal Disorders
    • Dwarfism caused by abnormal development of long bones resulting in varying degrees of motor disabilities.
    • Scoliosis, curvature of the spine, occurs in children during puberty may limit mobility of the trunk.
  • 15. Accommodations to Learning Environment
    • Adapt the physical environment
    • Change student response mode
    • Alter material and equipment
    • Modify the activity
    • Provide Extra Assistance
    • Remove hazards, widen aisles, seating
    • Speaking instead of writing and vise versa
    • Handouts, AAT, adapt writing tools
    • More time, flexible
    • Peer tutors, family help, volunteers
  • 16. Reduce barriers to access educational environment
    • Determine where barriers exist
    • Assess redesign classroom’s room arrangement
    • Bathroom, lunchroom, playground, gym, music room, library, bus, etc.
    • Desks, tables, work areas, storage space, and learning centers
  • 17. Physical Disabilities (accidents)
    • CAUSES
    • Motor Vehicle Accident
    • Water/diving accidents
    • Gunshot wounds
    • Sports Injuries
    • Child abuse
    • Child restraints, safety belts, air bags, helmets
    • Dive/swim safety
    • Gun control, locked ammo, gun training
    • Protective equipment, training, conditioning
    • Family services, training
  • 18. Assistive /Adaptive Devices for Physical Impairments Standard weight Manual Wheelchair $175 Ultra-Light Custom Wheelchair $1,895 Power Wheelchairs $1,199 Electric Mobility Scooters $749 Walkers $79- Rollators $119-$175 Forearm Crutches $68 Bariatric Crutches $121 Arthritis Knee brace $600
  • 19. Video clips of Physical Impairments
    • Courageous East Longmeadow girl isn’t letting physical disability get her down
    • NEWSBREAK_080307
  • 20. References Smith, Deborah (2007), Introduction to Special Education: Making a Difference 6 th Edition, Pearson Education, Inc. The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2008 . Frost’s Meditations. Retrieved October 20, 2008. Mobility . Retrieved October 22, 2008. http://mobilitypro.ocm/index.php/cPath/35_83 Seizure disorder : Treatment
  • 21. Thank you!!
  • 22.