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Causes of Multiple
Disabilities
by Ms. Claire Ann B. Pangilinan, LPT
What are Multiple Disabilities?
This refers to a combination
of disabilities causing severe
educational needs that require
providing a special education
program designed to address
the educational needs that
arise from all of the child’s
disabilities, not just one.
According to the Individuals with Disabilities
Education Act’s (IDEA), multiple disabilities
refers to “concomitant [simultaneous]
impairments (such as intellectual disability-
blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic
impairment, etc.) the combination of which
causes such severe educational needs that
they cannot be accommodated in a special
education program solely for one of the
impairments. The term does not include deaf-
blindness.”
Multiple disabilities can mean different combinations for different
children, and a few possible combinations could be intellectual
disability and blindness or intellectual disability and orthopedic
impairment, or cerebral palsy and autism.
What are the Causes of Multiple
Disabilities?
Causes of Multiple Disabilities
(Center for Parent Information, 2015)
• Chromosomal Abnormalities
A chromosome abnormality, disorder, anomaly,
aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion
of chromosomal DNA.
Causes of Multiple Disabilities
• Premature birth
Some long-term disabilities caused by premature birth include:
Behavior problems, including attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder (also called ADHD) and anxiety. Neurological
disorders, like cerebral palsy, that affect the brain, spinal cord
and nerves throughout the body.
Causes of Multiple Disabilities
• Poor development of the brain or spinal cord
Birth defects of the brain result in problems that can range
from mild to severe. They can affect one part or many parts of
the central nervous system.
Causes of Multiple Disabilities
• Infections
Worldwide, infections are among the leading causes of
chronic, developmental disabilities in children, along with and
sometimes interacting with genetic and nutritional causes
(Institute of Medicine, 2001).
Causes of Multiple Disabilities
• Genetic Disorders
A genetic disorder is a condition that is caused by an
abnormality in an individual's DNA.
Causes of Multiple Disabilities

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Causes of Multiple Disabilities

  • 1. Causes of Multiple Disabilities by Ms. Claire Ann B. Pangilinan, LPT
  • 2. What are Multiple Disabilities? This refers to a combination of disabilities causing severe educational needs that require providing a special education program designed to address the educational needs that arise from all of the child’s disabilities, not just one.
  • 3. According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act’s (IDEA), multiple disabilities refers to “concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability- blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.) the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf- blindness.”
  • 4. Multiple disabilities can mean different combinations for different children, and a few possible combinations could be intellectual disability and blindness or intellectual disability and orthopedic impairment, or cerebral palsy and autism.
  • 5. What are the Causes of Multiple Disabilities?
  • 6. Causes of Multiple Disabilities (Center for Parent Information, 2015) • Chromosomal Abnormalities A chromosome abnormality, disorder, anomaly, aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA.
  • 7. Causes of Multiple Disabilities • Premature birth Some long-term disabilities caused by premature birth include: Behavior problems, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (also called ADHD) and anxiety. Neurological disorders, like cerebral palsy, that affect the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body.
  • 8. Causes of Multiple Disabilities • Poor development of the brain or spinal cord Birth defects of the brain result in problems that can range from mild to severe. They can affect one part or many parts of the central nervous system.
  • 9. Causes of Multiple Disabilities • Infections Worldwide, infections are among the leading causes of chronic, developmental disabilities in children, along with and sometimes interacting with genetic and nutritional causes (Institute of Medicine, 2001).
  • 10. Causes of Multiple Disabilities • Genetic Disorders A genetic disorder is a condition that is caused by an abnormality in an individual's DNA.

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