2012 EDEN AnnualConference on OpenLearning Generations Portugal, 6-9 June 2012
Mr. Gyula HEGYIMember of the Cabinet of Commissioner Andor
O homem nao é um animal Man is not an animal É uma carne inteligente Is an intelligent flesh Embora ás vezes doente Although sometimes ill Fernando Pessoa (1935) - (Love is the Essential)
Greetings from CommissionerCommissioner Ms Androulla Vassiliou Head of CabinetMr László Andor Ms Anabela Gago
who should like, but couldnt come to your beautiful city Porto
The strategic and effective use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and the knowledge, skills, competences and inventiveness of the European workforce and citizens is one of the conditions for the success of Europe 2020: to raise the employment rate (20-64) to 75% to reduce poverty, to have at least 20 million fewer people in or at risk of poverty and social exclusion
Digital competence is one of the core 21st century skills that citizens of all ages should acquire through education training for employability for being (e-)included in their daily lives (i.e. being able and competent to use e-health, e-public services etc.). Not enough to use: people need to be able to make use of new technologies in a critical, creative, innovative and collaborative way Most of the jobs will be related in one way or another to ICT. Using ICT efficiently, effectively and in a digital competent way will not be the exception, but the rule
By developing and enhancing digital skills, all EU citizens, and in particular groups at risk of socio-economic exclusion will be able (should be able) to participate on a more equal footing in the digital economy. Having digital skills, people will have better job prospects enjoy more opportunities for learning, creating, participating and being confident in the use of digital tools, media and related content.
Sad numbers: 30 % of Europeans are digital illiterate 150 million Europeans have never used the internet Who are they? Mostly older people, or people on low incomes, the unemployed, immigrants, and the less educated and at risk of social exclusion in general In many cases their exclusion is due to a lack of user skills, such as digital and media literacy and competences.
So the lack of digital skills, the so-called digital divide will negatively affect: Productivity, growth, competitiveness, innovation, employment and social cohesion in Europe Unemployment and lack of working forces go together! In Europe we have a shortage of ICT practitioner skills Europe risks not being able to fill as many as 700,000 IT jobs by 2015. It is not about only the IT jobs, almost every jobs require certain kind of ICT knowledge: it is estimated that 90% of jobs will require e-skills by 2015. Improving the availability of e-skills involves actions: both at European and national level, in several areas, primarily education, training, industrial and labour market policies
European Level – Frameworks: Europe 2020flagship initiativesAn agenda for new skills and jobs This Agenda presents a set of concrete actions that will help: Stepping up reforms to improve flexibility and security in the labour market (flexicurity) Equipping people with the right skills for the jobs of today and tomorrow Improving the quality of jobs and ensuring better working conditions Improving the conditions for job creation
Youth on the move Goals: making education and training more relevant to young peoples needs encouraging more of them to take advantage of EU grants to study or train in another country encouraging EU countries to take measures simplifying the transition from education to work. See also: Youth on the Move website – provides more information and practical links for young people looking to study, train or work abroad. Youth Opportunities Initiative – actions to drive down youth unemployment.
Digital Agenda As part of the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) (19/10/2011) The European Commission has proposed to spend almost €9.2 billion from 2014 to 2020 on pan-European projects to give EU citizens and businesses access to high-speed broadband networks and the services that run on them The funding, part of the proposed Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), would take the form of both equity and debt instruments and grants It would complement private investment and public money at local, regional and national level and EU structural or cohesion funds. At least €7 billion would be available for investment in high-speed broadband infrastructure.
A coherent Employment package – tabled by my Commissioner Andor – has just been adopted referring explicitly to the huge needs for more ICT skilled employees and thus graduates It has a so-called Staff Working Document on ICT
Some interesting data and conclusions: There is a real "digital divide" in different Member States: % persons employed with ICT user skills 35.0 30.0 25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0 0.0 7 O R O K K Y E T U G R R R E E L E K S Z U T T L V T I I IS IE IT 2 S F N P M C A P U D C D L E S B S E G L H H F T N R L B U E And, strangely enough, the number of computer science graduates is decreasing in Europe since 2006 Surprisingly low interest of young people in a career as an ICT practitioner…
More general problem: as former HU Prime Minister Bajnai said, it is not healthy if more youngsters want to study psychology then engineering Computer science graduates in EU27 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
ICT staff retirement forecasts, EU27 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016It shows that more and more skilled people will leave the ICT staff
Virtually all young people now have at least basic ICT skills and are familiar with a number of internet applications BUT: the number of them who make the jump from ‘cool’ ICT (entertainment) to ‘boring’ ICT (such as entering a graduate ICT programme, a vocational ICT education, or creating their own web company) remains limited Despite the good employment prospects in the sector labour supply is scarce particularly among youngsters and this reticence to take a career in the field of ICT remains a serious challenge for policy-makers
Regular Internet use in the EU27 in 2010Sector chart: the amplitude of each sector represents the demographicweight of each age-education group in total EU27 population while itsheight represents the percentage of regular Internet use for that group
Reorientation of mid-career jobseekers - problem of mobility and cost of the training A major alternative source of skilled ICT workers are: unemployed mid-career workers from related fields such as engineering, mathematics or sciences, with adequate retraining, as they usually share the same basic bodies of knowledge important role of training centres and non-formal community groups
However there are ICT vacancies and persistent unemployment among workers in related fields in the same time Why? geographical immobility, as job vacancies and unemployed workers may be in different areas, training cost and adaptation period EU commitment is also shown through other numerous actions Member States are supported through the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) and Lifelong Learning Programme when embedding digital competences in their teaching, curricula, learning outcomes, and assessment
Greater use of computers for communicating between schools and multi-cultural dialogue is encouraged through the eTwinning of schools (action under the EUs Lifelong Learning Programme that creates online communities of teachers and schools across Europe) In the beginning of June 2012, the services of Commissioner Androulla Vassiliou will publish a call for proposals (“Creative Classrooms”) to support governments in undertaking policy experimentations for the development of new learning environments and of creative and innovative teaching through the use of ICT Later this year, the Commission will launch a supplement to EUROPASS on e-skills to enhance the recognition of digital competences of each individual
All of these actions and initiatives require good cooperation between education and business, governments, schools, companies, organisations and the European Union as a whole A collaborative effort - at Member States Level Delivering the right skills and competences to learners in the 21st century calls for radical pedagogical changes by education and training systems Changes must be learner-centered and focus on transversal skills such as collaboration skills, communication skills and ICT skills Learning e-skills at an early age will help them to find a good job and build and follow a successful career
Lets utilize the natural curiosity built in young children, within and outside the classroom, to help and enable them to take an active role with ICT The reform of curricula and pedagogical approaches is a Member State competence and the Commission is ready to work with you to make it happen
EU banner kép G&G - Grandparents and Grandchildren Europe The Pan-European Grandparents & Grandchildren (G&G) initiative is aimed to promote and facilitate digital active citizenship of elderly people The original aspect of the initiative is that the teachers of the elderly are young volunteer students in the role of “grandchildren” assisting on a one-to-one basis the “grandparents” in learning very basic internet browsing and e-mail skills
How? 1. A tutor trains the "grandchildren", the volunteer students in the schools 2. Each grandchild trains a "grandparent" - In each participating school an ICT laboratory connected with internet is made available for these adult learning classes 3. "Grandparents" practice in the laboratory – in the school It is not a new initiative, it was born in 1998 in Italy and since then it has spread into Estonia, Greece, Finland, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, Romania and Latvia, but it is a part of the Active Ageing initiatives
Q-AGEING: Quality ageing in urban environment Germany / Poland / Slovenia / Italy / HungaryAn important part of this project was providing computers and basic e-skills for very old (mostly over 75) , lonely people with slight mental disordersAfter one year of learning and using the internet, e-mailing and visiting the social media they were re-examined by other doctors, and their mental disorders HAVE DISAPPEARED
And lastly:Portuguese Platform of Age-Friendly CitiesPortugal / PortoAround 100 Portuguese municipalities as well as 14 universities andseveral civil society organisations committed to joining the project“cIDADES”in the 2nd phase of the project each municipality will evaluate their ownfriendliness for its citizens over 55 years of age by carrying out a localsurvey addressed to senior citizensToolkit “Towards and Age-Friendly world”:the Toolkit will include guidelines with practical examples and resources tothose who wish to become an age-friendly city