Tecnologie e Sistemi Per Le Reti Intelligenti Monizza

1,234 views

Published on

Quali saranno le tecnologie ed i sistemi per la generazione distribuita?

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,234
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
126
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tecnologie e Sistemi Per Le Reti Intelligenti Monizza

  1. 1. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 EU 20 20 20: “Smart Grids” Giuliano Monizza Tecnologie e Sistemi per le Reti Intelligenti
  2. 2. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 • • • The association About T&D Europe :
  3. 3. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 European national associations. • Members of T&D EUROPE are all relevant About T&D Europe : The Members !
  4. 4. The world in power T&D () * + $ ' % " , ( 1 " * & ' 6 * , .* ,,0 1 Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy " # 1) , $ % 2 % # - & ' #/ , , .# / + "/ , ,0 , , .# /,0 .34 +! ( 50 2 / "/ , , 6 Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  5. 5. Grid access for large scale renewables Use of hydro power in China Use of renewable energy in Europe Wind > 20...40 GW Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Hydro > 10..30 GW Hydro > 30...50 GW km 1800 2000 km 2000 km Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Load Centres Solar > 10..20 GW T&D Products and Solutions Worldwide most powerful wind energy plant mass-produced Integration of renewable energies via HVDC Complete solutions for on-shore and off-shore wind power Energy lines with UHVAC and UHVDC Highly-efficient turbines for solarthermal power generation Gas-insulated lines (GIL) Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  6. 6. US Energy flows- EFFICIENCY FOCUS LOST Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 USEFUL Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Source: University of California, Lawrence Livermore Ntl Labs, DoE. Units in quadrillion BTUs (“quads”); 1 quad = 1015 BTU = 1.055x1018J. Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  7. 7. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution 7 7 7 7 7 % 7 " 7 ! 6 > 4 =; " Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 # 8 > < = !: ! <= $ ; 3 -3 = 839: ; Power Generation $ ; 4 ;
  8. 8. Power Generation, Transmission & Distribution ? $ # %$ "" # && Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 = > ; / 6 > <= ; ' # ( % Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy * * , .* * , 0 * ( % .* ( % 08 @A = .( ) * B 0 C, D 8 -, # > E '% B E- - - 5 8 -, Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  9. 9. T&D Contributions to energy efficiency Process Plant Grid Process Drive & Building Transport automation automation operation automation motor Installa- systems systems systems systems systems systems tions Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 T&D Technology can cut waste by 20-30% net energy transport but will contribute by < 2% in total red line = efficientsituation Red line = existing system Blue line = efficient system blue line = existing system = 20-30% conversion line losses Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution efficiency G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy production process motor efficiency Trans- Primary Electrical Industrial Motors & Mission & Buildings energy energy Plant Drives Distribution Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 9
  10. 10. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution Sofia, 6-74+ 3 3F+ April 2009 Findings from ELECTRA report 2 * 3 25% … 30% saving potential in end-user sectors
  11. 11. The 3 pillars of a sustainable energy system Energy security Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Sustainable Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Energy System Economic efficiency Environmental impact Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 33
  12. 12. Smart Grids - why and what - From traditional to smart grids traditional grid • Centralized power generation • One-directional power flow • Generation follows load • Top-down operations planning Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 • Operation based on historical experience • Centralized and distributed power smart grids generation Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy • Multi-directional power flow • Consumption integrated in system operation • Operation based on real-time data Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  13. 13. Smart Grids The portfolio – all over the offering system! System operation: … Power transmission Network Manager and distribution: SCADA solutions for load SCADA/EMS flow control and Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 (incl. WAMS) power quality BMS improvement substation automation Power generation: Network Manager Network Mgr. SCADA/DMS SCADA/GMS distribution and System for feeder automation Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy thermal distribution hydro communication solar Power system communication Demand response optical communication smart metering radio communication advanced home appliances Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  14. 14. Smart Grids drivers Improving Grid Reliability S S S Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 M M M M M M M M • Goal: Automatic isolation and location of faults, very fast service restoration to customers • How: Using information from IEDs, sensors and meters to control switchgear and to pinpoint fault location • Financial drivers Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy – Improved customer satisfaction – Avoided penalties – Reduction of operational expenses (e.g. crew costs, tree trimming) • Solution areas – Improved coordination and integration – Utilization of advanced metering infrastructure – Outage support Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  15. 15. Smart Grids drivers Renewable and Distributed Generation • Goal: Ensuring reliable grid operation in systems with high share of generation based on volatile renewable energy (e.g. wind and solar) and Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 maybe economic storage • How (examples): – Wind and PV specific protection and control systems supporting – Wind and PV specific substations and power electronics Smart Grids – HVDC to connect remote wind and solar thermal plants Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy • Financial drivers – Emission reduction – Maintaining security of supply despite volatile generation • Solution areas – Improved coordination and integration • integrated communication infrastructure • distributed generation, energy storage and demand response – Outage support • restoration switching alternatives • peak load shifting to defer generation investments Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  16. 16. The need for more Transmission investment Development of a Pan-European transmission grid requires investments! Drivers •Rising electricity demand Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 •Integration and accommodation of renewable energies •More cross-border energy trade •High regional electricity prices •Energy security concerns •Stability Improvement Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy The ENTSO-e countries need to invest 22 to 24 Bil. EUR on their Transmission Network between 2010 -2014 Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 34
  17. 17. Structure of the current EU recovery program regarding Electricity and Wind Effect of EU T&D Industry recovery program Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 • 750 M for Transmission > 10 companies • A small portion of 500 M Transmission from Wind > 1000 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy companies Distribution 0 Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  18. 18. Structure of the Smart Grids Distributed Generation 2 Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 3 On-site Backup Renewable Storage Power Centralised Generation Residential Commercial Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Industrial Transportation Intelligent Transmission Intelligent Distribution Consumers 4 1 Intelligent Renewable Energy Generation Metering & Demand Response Sofia, 6-7 April 2009
  19. 19. 3 forces are needed to enable the future sustainable energy system Climate-compatible energy technologies Efficiency increase, CO2 sequestration, wind, solar thermal … Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 1 2 3 Legal basis and Technology push Market pull acceptance R&D funding for key Reliable long-term technologies investment incentives EU and national legislation for Funding for full-scale Global perspectives for demo projects equipment suppliers geological storage Public relations in an Fair risk sharing open dialogue Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy between suppliers, Grow public acceptance operators and the & awareness Cooperation of politics, public industry, NGOs Only through joint forces of politics, power sector and industry sustainable energy systems can become reality. Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 39
  20. 20. G. Monizza – Electra: Doing Business with Energy Anie – GIFI – 18 Giugno 2010 Efficiency – Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution Sofia, 6-7 April 2009 T&D EUROPE the voice that drives consensus on Transmission & Distribution Technologies

×