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The European Middle Ages
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The European Middle Ages

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The European Middle Ages

The European Middle Ages

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  • 1. CHAPTER 7 – THE RISE OF EUROPE 500 AD – 1500 AD
  • 2. New Germanic Kingdoms  The Roman Empire falls in 476 AD  Following the fall of Rome, Germanic people started to move in and overrun lands once occupied by the Roman Empire.  By 500 AD, the Western Roman Empire had been replaced by a number of German kingdoms.  Constant fighting disrupts trade and government; people abandon cities.  Marks the beginning of the Middle Ages — period from 500 to 1500
  • 3. The Decline of Learning  As cities are abandoned, level of learning declines  Knowledge of Greek language and culture is almost completely lost  Introduction of German language and mixing with Latin helps develop different dialects (Romance
  • 4. Upheaval in Europe  Germanic people were constantly at war  Wars continually change borders between kingdoms  During this time of upheaval, the Church continues to grow and offers security
  • 5. The Dark Ages  The Middle Ages are often times referred to as “the Dark Ages”.  Can you explain why this time period got this nickname?
  • 6. Kingdom of the Franks  Only one Germanic kingdom proved to be a lasting one – the kingdom of the Franks.  The kingdom was established by Clovis, a strong military leader around 500AD.  Clovis was able to unite the Franks as well as other Germanic tribes into one kingdom.  Clovis was also the first Germanic ruler to convert to Christianity.  His conversion gained him the support of a small, yet growing sect, the Roman Catholic Church, who was eager to have the friendship of a
  • 7. Clovis’ Conversion to Christianity  What is so important about Clovis converting to Christianity? Discuss.  Compare this to politicians nowadays.  What did his conversion do for the Catholic church?
  • 8. Kingdom of the Franks  Clovis had established a kingdom that stretched from the Pyrenees Mountains in the southwest, to German lands in the east. (Modern day France and West Germany.)
  • 9. Charles Martel  During the 600’s and 700’s, the Frankish kings started to lose power.  Islam was growing and spreading throughout the Middle East and Africa and into Europe.  The Church and Christian kingdoms became weary of these invaders.  In 732, a man named Charles Martel rallied Christian warriors to defeat Muslim armies who were
  • 10. The Carolingians  With his triumphant victory, Charles Martel took steps to assume the kingship for himself and his family.  This lays the foundation for a
  • 11. Europe in Turmoil  When Charles Martel, king of the Frank’s dies, Europe is thrust into turmoil.  At this time the Franks were falling back into barbarian ways, neglecting their education and religion.  Many people were still pagans.  The Church was also having its own struggles.  In 771, Martel’s grandson,
  • 12. Charlemagne  Charlemagne was raised to be a devout Christian.  Charlemagne was determined to strengthen his realm and to bring order to Europe.  His devotion to the Church became the driving force in his life.
  • 13. King of the Franks? Or King of the Burgers?
  • 14. Charlemagne the Warrior  In 772, he launched a military campaign that would last more than 30 years and included more than 50 military expeditions.  At 6’4, Charlemagne was a tall and a powerful warrior and often accompanied and fight along side his troops during these campaigns.  Charlemagne was an ambitious king, aggressive and ruthless.  He had the ability to
  • 15. Charlemagne Brings Order to Europe  By 800 Charlemagne was the undisputed ruler of Western Europe.  What had once been unified territory of the Roman Empire was once again under a new central authority, that of Charlemagne.  His vast realm encompassed what are now France, Switzerland, Belgium, and The Netherlands and included half of present-day Italy and Germany, and parts of Austria and Spain.  By establishing a central government over Western Europe, Charlemagne
  • 16. Did you know?  Despite his great military record and being the king of such as vast territory, Charlemagne was very uneducated in his younger years.  In fact, he was illiterate and could not read or write.  This did not stop him, he tried his best to learn himself and encouraged Here, can you read this? Looks like Chinese or something to me…
  • 17. Charlemagne and the Church  Devoutly Christian, Charlemagne would not only conquer his territories, he would convert the people as well. Sometimes, at the tip of a sword.  The Church also relied on Charlemagne for protection and leadership.  Charlemagne ruled and protected the Christian Kingdom, and since the Church was in Rome, it could be said that he had the
  • 18. Charlemagne’s Coronation  On Christmas Day in 800, while Charlemagne knelt in prayer in Saint Peter's in Rome, Pope Leo III placed a golden crown on the bowed head of the king, crowning him the first Holy Roman Emperor, the divinely appointed leader of the earthly Christian world.  His head was anointed with holy oil, and the Pope renamed Charlemagne as Emperor and Augustus.  Germanic power, the Church,
  • 19.  How important is Charlemagne to Europe? Discuss.  How did he help strengthen his realm?  How did he help the spread of Christianity?
  • 20. Charlemagne’s Legacy  Charlemagne unites western Europe and spreads Christianity.  He encourages learning and orders monasteries to open schools  Germanic power, Church, heritage of Roman Empire now joined together as one  Because of his actions as a ruler, Charlemagne is
  • 21. Following Charlemagne  Charlemagne dies in 814; his son, Louis, rules poorly  Charlemagne’s three grandsons fight for control of empire  In 843 they divide empire into three kingdoms  Europe once again, becomes unstable.

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