Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany
Essential Question: What key methods, techniques or strategies did Hitler and the Nazis use
to win over the loyalty of the German people to the policies, programs and agendas?
Historical Background: The peace and prosperity promised by the Treaty of Versailles was
short lived. Disappointment and despair grew over issues like new boundary disputes,
reparations payments, national pride and inflation until the American stock market crash sent
the European economy into a depression as well. Eventually, through well carefully planned
tactics, Adolf Hitler and the National Socialists Party gained power in 1933. Once in power,
Hitler had a goal in creating a fascist totalitarian state. The Nazis would use propaganda, mass
rallies, economic policies, organizations and terror to control the country. In a country of 70
million, there was only about 10 million registered Nazi Party members. While it can be said
most of the entire German population may not have been in agreement with Hitler's plans,
there was almost no large scale objection to him or Nazi policies.
Goals – The student will be able to…
Evaluate primary and secondary sources in order to answer critical thinking
questions regarding Nazi policies of the 1930’s.
Analyze and interpret documents to understand how Hitler and the Nazis controlled
Recognize the power of propaganda, mass rallies, economic policies, organizations
and terror used by the Nazis
Consider the impact these policies might have had on the actions and attitudes of
German men, women and children.
Next Generation Sunshine State Standards:
SS.912.W.7.5 Describe the rise of authoritarian governments in the Soviet Union,
Italy and Germany, and analyze the policies and main ideas of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph
Stalin, Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler
SS.912.W.7.6 Analyze the restriction of individual rights and the use of mass terror
against populations in the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and occupied territories
SS.912.W.7.8 Explain the causes, events, and effects of the Holocaust (1933-1945)
including its roots in the long tradition of anti-Semitism, 19th century ideas about
race and nation, and Nazi dehumanization of the Jews and other victims