Ap euro contact

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Ap euro contact

  1. 1. Contact withthe Americas
  2. 2. Who was first?• Asians and the Bering Strait land bridge 10-15,000 (or more) years ago, duh!• depends...• what is America?
  3. 3. The candidates China 1421 Leif 900s“Amteric” Cristobol Colon Portuguese 1460sPolynesians 1000 Giovanni Caboto 1497 Africa 1311
  4. 4. How will we know?• DNA testing• ocean currents• archeology• sunken ships
  5. 5. Why did they come? The Portuguese• initial leaders of exploration• trade outposts in Africa• route to the “Indies”• slaves and sugar--Brazil
  6. 6. Why did they come? Spain• trade route and resources• encounter with the indigenous people• different value systems• encomienda system• Cortes (1524) and divide and conquer• Bartolomé de las Casas
  7. 7. Why did they come? England• prolific in the NE of North America• pause: Reformation• resume: industrial revolution!• competition with Spain and France• religious fundamentalists
  8. 8. Why did they come? France• busy in the 15th c. with religious wars• vampire effect• compete with Spain and England• highest amount of toleration
  9. 9. Consequences of Euro Contact• Initial impressions• Americas estimated population total before Euro contact = 20 to 40,000,000• 90% of the population perishes from disease, warfare and suicide• New ethnic groups: mestizos and zambos• shift in land usage
  10. 10. Colombian Exchange• From Europe to the Americas
  11. 11. Colombian Exchange• From the Americas to Europe syphilis*

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