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Ap euro contact
 

Ap euro contact

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    Ap euro contact Ap euro contact Presentation Transcript

    • Contact withthe Americas
    • Who was first?• Asians and the Bering Strait land bridge 10-15,000 (or more) years ago, duh!• depends...• what is America?
    • The candidates China 1421 Leif 900s“Amteric” Cristobol Colon Portuguese 1460sPolynesians 1000 Giovanni Caboto 1497 Africa 1311
    • How will we know?• DNA testing• ocean currents• archeology• sunken ships
    • Why did they come? The Portuguese• initial leaders of exploration• trade outposts in Africa• route to the “Indies”• slaves and sugar--Brazil
    • Why did they come? Spain• trade route and resources• encounter with the indigenous people• different value systems• encomienda system• Cortes (1524) and divide and conquer• Bartolomé de las Casas
    • Why did they come? England• prolific in the NE of North America• pause: Reformation• resume: industrial revolution!• competition with Spain and France• religious fundamentalists
    • Why did they come? France• busy in the 15th c. with religious wars• vampire effect• compete with Spain and England• highest amount of toleration
    • Consequences of Euro Contact• Initial impressions• Americas estimated population total before Euro contact = 20 to 40,000,000• 90% of the population perishes from disease, warfare and suicide• New ethnic groups: mestizos and zambos• shift in land usage
    • Colombian Exchange• From Europe to the Americas
    • Colombian Exchange• From the Americas to Europe syphilis*