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Ch 20 Atlantic World

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Slides to accompany Chapter 20, The Atlantic World (1492-1800), from World History: Patterns of Interaction, from McDougal Littell.

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Ch 20 Atlantic World

  1. 1. 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? 5.What is the capital of the country marked E?
  2. 2. E C D B A 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? 5.What is the capital of the country marked E?
  3. 3. E C D B A 1.What is the capital of the country marked A? Buenos Aires 2.What is the capital of the country marked B? Brasilia 3.What is the capital of the country marked C? Algiers 4.What is the capital of the country marked D? Tehran 5.What is the capital of the country marked E? Ulaanbatar
  4. 4. The Atlantic World ch 20
  5. 5. 20.1 Spain Builds an American Empire
  6. 6. 1. Describe the voyages of Columbus and his contemporaries • Cabral, Vespucci, Magellan, Balboa 2. Describe the Spanish conquests of the Aztec and Inca • Cortes & Montezuma II • Pizarro & Atahualpa 3. Identify the effects of Spanish colonization on the Americas 4. Trace the level of resistance to Spanish rule by indigenous people
  7. 7. Columbus
  8. 8. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages?
  9. 9. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money?
  10. 10. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain?
  11. 11. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain? ❖ Why did Spain wait until 1492 to give Columbus money?
  12. 12. Columbus ❖ Columbus was Italian. Why didn’t any Italian monarch give him money for his voyages? ❖ And why didn’t the Portuguese give him money? ❖ Why did Spain? ❖ Why did Spain wait until 1492 to give Columbus money? ❖ If Leif Erickson and friends reached North America 500 years earlier than Columbus, why is he so famous and not Erickson?
  13. 13. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
  14. 14. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
  15. 15. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
  16. 16. Christopher Columbus 1451—1506
  17. 17. The Explorers Explorer Representing Feat Cabral Portugal Claimed Brazil Vespucci Portugal Explored S.A. Americas named after him Balboa Spain Reach the Pacific Magellan Portugal Circumnavigate the world Cabot England Northeast Cabrillo Spain 1st to California coast
  18. 18. The Conquistadores Name Area Cortes Mexico, Honduras Pizarro Peru Coronado American southwest Balboa Panama Orellana Amazon de Leon Puerto Rico & Florida
  19. 19. After the conquest ❖ mestizo ❖ encomienda system ❖ after the encomienda? ❖ Spanish silver & gold
  20. 20. 20.2
  21. 21. New France New Spain
  22. 22. ❖ Jamestown, 1607 ❖ Pilgrims, Plymouth, MA ❖ Puritans, Massachusetts Bay ❖ New Netherland ❖ French: Haiti, Guadeloupe, and Martinique ❖ English: Barbados & Jamaica ❖ Dutch: Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
  23. 23. ❖ French & Indian War ❖ Native Relations ❖ Dutch? ❖ French? ❖ English? ❖ Metacom?
  24. 24. 1750 Population North America 2,000 Latin America & 16,000 Caribbean World 791,000
  25. 25. 20.3
  26. 26. Objectives Students should be able to: ❖ Identify the causes of African slavery ❖ Trace the spread of slavery throughout the Americas ❖ Explain the triangular trade ❖ Describe the life of enslaved Africans in the colonies ❖ Identify the consequences of the Atlantic slave trade
  27. 27. Triangular Trade
  28. 28. 1. How was slavery in the Americas different from slavery in Africa? 2. What factors led European colonists to use Africans to resupply their labor force? 3. What were several ways in which enslaved Africans resisted their treatment in the Americas? 4. Why do you think the slave trade (1451-1870) lasted for so long?
  29. 29. Causes ❖ Slavery in Africa ❖ The Demand for Africans ❖ Spain and Portugal ★ By 1650, 300,000 slaves on Spanish plantations
  30. 30. Spread of Slavery ❖ England’s role ★ 1.7 million slaves traded ❖ African Cooperation and Resistance
  31. 31. 20.4
  32. 32. ❖ Explain the Columbian Exchange ❖ Identify factors that led to the development of global trade ❖ Describe the effects of new economic policies on European society
  33. 33. Columbian Exchange
  34. 34. Columbian Exchange
  35. 35. Columbian Exchange
  36. 36. Columbian Exchange
  37. 37. Columbian Exchange
  38. 38. Columbian Exchange
  39. 39. Columbian Exchange
  40. 40. Columbian Exchange
  41. 41. Columbian Exchange
  42. 42. Columbian Exchange
  43. 43. Columbian Exchange
  44. 44. Columbian Exchange
  45. 45. Columbian Exchange
  46. 46. Columbian Exchange
  47. 47. Columbian Exchange
  48. 48. Columbian Exchange
  49. 49. Columbian Exchange
  50. 50. Columbian Exchange
  51. 51. Columbian Exchange
  52. 52. Columbian Exchange
  53. 53. Columbian Exchange
  54. 54. Columbian Exchange
  55. 55. Columbian Exchange

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