Ideological Responses to the    Industrial Revolution
What is capitalism?• investing capital with the specific purpose of  making a profit• production = what people want = market...
How are prices determined?• labor• materials• demand• quantity
Socialism: What is it?• social and economic system• goal: success for everyone• production = what people need• work to eli...
Karl Marx• co-wrote The Communist     Manifesto in 1848• condemned exploitation     • extremely poor          • atheist  •...
Friedrich Engels    • co-wrote The Communist              Manifesto• wrote Conditions of the Working      Class in England...
The Communist Manifesto      • workers must unite!      • take over “means of            production”       • redistribute ...
Socialism vs Communism•   working to end social    •   NO social classes    classes (smaller gaps)                        ...
Worker Responses•   form unions    •   skilled vs unskilled•   “closed” shops•   *collective bargaining*
Extreme Response--Luddites • story of the weaver named Ned Ludd • modern meaning
Artistic Responses• realism                 • goals            • criticism
Evaluating the Industrial Revolution•   PROS                          •   CONS•   cheaper products              •   exploi...
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Responses to the indus rev

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ideological and artistic responses to the Industrial Revolution

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Responses to the indus rev

  1. 1. Ideological Responses to the Industrial Revolution
  2. 2. What is capitalism?• investing capital with the specific purpose of making a profit• production = what people want = market forces• emphasis on the individual• competition is important• wide gaps in social classes
  3. 3. How are prices determined?• labor• materials• demand• quantity
  4. 4. Socialism: What is it?• social and economic system• goal: success for everyone• production = what people need• work to eliminate social classes • How is that done?• pro modernization, but without competition
  5. 5. Karl Marx• co-wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848• condemned exploitation • extremely poor • atheist • free education for all
  6. 6. Friedrich Engels • co-wrote The Communist Manifesto• wrote Conditions of the Working Class in England (1848)• son of a wealthy factory owner • helped support Marx
  7. 7. The Communist Manifesto • workers must unite! • take over “means of production” • redistribute wealth • end social classes• did not have a big impact in the19th c., but that changed in 1917
  8. 8. Socialism vs Communism• working to end social • NO social classes classes (smaller gaps) • government controls ALL• government controls production = command some production economy• some private property • NO private property • True communism has NEVER EXISTED
  9. 9. Worker Responses• form unions • skilled vs unskilled• “closed” shops• *collective bargaining*
  10. 10. Extreme Response--Luddites • story of the weaver named Ned Ludd • modern meaning
  11. 11. Artistic Responses• realism • goals • criticism
  12. 12. Evaluating the Industrial Revolution• PROS • CONS• cheaper products • exploitation/ dehumanization of workers• eventually, higher standard of living • growth of slums• stable pay (middle class) • minimum wage• increased efficiency• new technology can improve life (phones, cars, • damage to environment and people computers)

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