Wwi Notes


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Wwi Notes

  1. 1. The Great War: World War I Chapter 19
  2. 2. Causes of the War Causes Nationalism Militarism Alliance System Imperialism
  3. 3. Causes of the War <ul><li>Nationalism : a person’s loyalty should be to their nation first </li></ul><ul><ul><li>many new nations were created in Eastern Europe prior to WWI </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of the War <ul><li>Imperialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does building empires create the conditions for major wars? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of the War <ul><li>Militarism : development of armed forces and uses them for “diplomacy” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes of the War <ul><li>Alliance System- pg. 581 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Entente (the “Allies”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Britain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance (“Central Powers”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Causes of the War <ul><li>The “powder keg of Europe” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Balkans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archduke Franz Ferdinand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A-H took Bosnia in 1878 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnian nationalists always resisting A-H rule </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Causes of the War <ul><li>The “powder keg of Europe” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Balkans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Archduke Franz Ferdinand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assassinated by Gavrilo Princip </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Serbian nationalist </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Causes of the War <ul><li>The assassination activates alliance system </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fighting the War <ul><li>A new kind of fighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First war to use modern weapons with major casualty capabilities </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. PARTICIPATION <ul><li>Look throughout Chapter 19. </li></ul><ul><li>List as many new WWI technologies/weapons as you can. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fighting the War <ul><li>A new kind of fighting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First war to use modern weapons with major casualty capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machine gun </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Airplane </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poison gas/gas masks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Submarines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barbed wire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trenches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Fighting the War <ul><li>Trench Warfare- pg. 582 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting style couldn’t keep up with weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dig in to avoid fire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No man’s land : barren, cratered land between enemy trenches </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>page 586 #1, 3-4 </li></ul>
  15. 16. America Joins the War <ul><li>Reasons for getting involved: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needed to help our Allies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sinking of the Lusitania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unrestricted submarine warfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Note </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. America During the War <ul><li>The army </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selective Service Act: draft </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War Industries Board: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate waste, encourage mass production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daylight Savings Time </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. America During the War <ul><li>Supplies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use mass production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. citizens cut back for the war effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ meatless and wheatless” days </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ lightless nights” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corsets for steel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. America During the War <ul><li>WWI Propaganda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committee on Public Information : made the war popular by influencing ppl’s thoughts and actions </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. America During the War <ul><li>National War Labor Board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Work or fight” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extremely effective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies to troops and refugees increased </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. America During the War <ul><li>Great Migration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large-scale movement of southern blacks to northern cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Escape racial discrimination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weevil infestation caused southern crops to fail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>looking for jobs in northern factories </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. America During the War <ul><li>War decreases individual freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-immigration mobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Especially against Germans, Russians, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Espionage and Sedition Acts : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person could be fined/jailed for saying anything disloyal to American government or undermining war effort </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 23. How the Allies Won <ul><li>American helps to win the war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convoy system : guard of destroyers escort merchant ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered fresh perspective and enthusiastic new troops </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. How the Allies Won <ul><li>Russia pulled out of the war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Revolution in 1917 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany made a mistake by going to France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. troops arrived just in time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary surrendered in 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>German sailors mutinied, kaiser gave up throne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany to weak to continue </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. How the Allies Won <ul><li>War ended on November 11, 1918 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany signed an armistice : agreement to end fighting </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Wilson’s Fourteen Points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No secret treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights of colonial people should be considered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations : a place for nations to discuss problems without war </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Allies rejected 14 Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Except the League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provisions of Treaty of Versailles: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nine new nations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany cannot keep an army </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Germany must pay $33 billion in war reparations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War-guilt clause : Germany had to take sole responsibility for causing WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ignored rights for colonized people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. PARTICIPATION <ul><li>What do you think are the biggest consequences of the war? (try to get at least 3) </li></ul>