Expanding Markets and Moving West 1800-1850 American History Chapter 9
Market Revolution <ul><li>Market revolution :  what happened when people began buying and selling goods rather than making...
 
Market Revolution <ul><li>Inventions and Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can turn out products in half the time </li></ul...
Market Revolution <ul><li>Communication:  Samuel B. Morse invents the telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Businessmen could co...
Market Revolution <ul><li>Transportation:  Robert Fulton invents the steamboat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipping costs drop d...
Market Revolution Erie Canal
Market Revolution <ul><li>The Railroad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used steam engine to increase transportation speed by even mo...
The First Photograph--1826 <ul><li>http:// www.hrc.utexas.edu/exhibitions/permanent/wfp / </li></ul>
 
Market Revolution <ul><li>The American System? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northeast:  shipping and manufacturing </li></ul></ul...
 
Market Revolution <ul><li>Encouraged people to move west! </li></ul>
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Manifest Destiny : belief that it was the inevitable destiny of the U.S. to expand across the con...
Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Settlers and Native Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some assimilated into white frontier communit...
Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Western Trails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Santa Fe Trail:  Independence, MO to Santa Fe, NM </li></ul>...
Expansion in Texas <ul><li>Spain had settled up through Oregon </li></ul>
<ul><li>Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to trade openly with the U.S. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Cultural difference between American and Mexican settlers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English language </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>War between Mexico and Texans </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Remember the Alamo!” </li></ul></ul></ul>Texas Independence
<ul><li>Mexican victory in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Texas declared itself independent and created its own constitution </li...
<ul><li>Santa Anna is captured and made to sign the Treaty of Velasco (1836), recognizing Texas’ independence </li></ul><u...
War with Mexico <ul><li>Obtaining Mexican lands </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery becomes an issue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul...
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Chapter 9 - American History

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Chapter 9 - American History

  1. 1. Expanding Markets and Moving West 1800-1850 American History Chapter 9
  2. 2. Market Revolution <ul><li>Market revolution : what happened when people began buying and selling goods rather than making them for themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farms began to specialize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specialization : raising one or two crops to sell </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalism : economic system where businessmen own the “means of production” (factories, land, etc.) and use them to make a profit </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Market Revolution <ul><li>Inventions and Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can turn out products in half the time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers costs of goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More people can buy, more items to sell </li></ul></ul></ul>Russian textile mill, loc.gov
  4. 5. Market Revolution <ul><li>Communication: Samuel B. Morse invents the telegraph </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Businessmen could communicate instantly </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Market Revolution <ul><li>Transportation: Robert Fulton invents the steamboat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipping costs drop dramatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erie Canal provides important link from Atlantic to inner country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I & M Canal in Illinois </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Market Revolution Erie Canal
  7. 8. Market Revolution <ul><li>The Railroad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used steam engine to increase transportation speed by even more </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The First Photograph--1826 <ul><li>http:// www.hrc.utexas.edu/exhibitions/permanent/wfp / </li></ul>
  9. 11. Market Revolution <ul><li>The American System? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northeast: shipping and manufacturing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Midwest: Farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Deere invents the steel plow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>McCormick’s mechanical reaper </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South: cotton, tobacco, rice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These regions were able to communicate and travel faster </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. Market Revolution <ul><li>Encouraged people to move west! </li></ul>
  11. 14. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Manifest Destiny : belief that it was the inevitable destiny of the U.S. to expand across the continent </li></ul>
  12. 15. Manifest Destiny
  13. 16. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Settlers and Native Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some assimilated into white frontier communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others fought for their right to the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Black Hawk War, began in Illinois </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>month rebellion, natives lost </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 17. Manifest Destiny <ul><li>Western Trails </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Santa Fe Trail: Independence, MO to Santa Fe, NM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon Trail: Independence to Portland, OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mormon Trail: to Salt Lake City, UT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Smith– moved west to Illinois because of persecution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brigham Young– moved Mormon community to Salt Lake City </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 18. Expansion in Texas <ul><li>Spain had settled up through Oregon </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began to trade openly with the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged U.S. farmers to settle in Texas as Mexican citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. attempted to buy Texas </li></ul>Expansion in Texas
  17. 20. <ul><li>Cultural difference between American and Mexican settlers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>English language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexican President Santa Anna refused to give Texas self-government </li></ul>Texas Independence
  18. 21. <ul><li>War between Mexico and Texans </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Remember the Alamo!” </li></ul></ul></ul>Texas Independence
  19. 22. <ul><li>Mexican victory in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Texas declared itself independent and created its own constitution </li></ul>Texas Independence
  20. 23. <ul><li>Santa Anna is captured and made to sign the Treaty of Velasco (1836), recognizing Texas’ independence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Lone Star Republic” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Annexed into the U.S. </li></ul></ul></ul>Texas Independence
  21. 24. War with Mexico <ul><li>Obtaining Mexican lands </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery becomes an issue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southern states want to extend slavery and gain more seats in Congress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northerners opposed a war with Mexico for that reason </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They believed it was a plot to expand slavery and to dominate U.S. government (which it was) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended the war with Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gained all western lands </li></ul></ul>

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