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The Lincoln Assassination


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The Lincoln Assassination

  1. 1. The Lincoln Assassination
  2. 2. Appomattox Court House, VA <ul><li>April 9, 1865 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General Robert E. Lee (Confederacy) surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant (Union) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Civil War is officially over, however, small battles still take place in the South </li></ul></ul></ul>Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant
  3. 3. Capturing Jefferson Davis <ul><li>The last order given to Union troops was to capture Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy </li></ul><ul><li>Davis fled farther south with his Cabinet </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ Our American Cousin” <ul><li>Five days after the surrender of General Lee Abraham Lincoln plans to attend a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Crook, do you know I believe there are men who want to take my life? And I have no doubt they will do it.....I know no one could do it and escape alive. But if it is to be done, it is impossible to prevent it.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln to bodyguard, William H. Crook, on April 14, 1865 </li></ul>
  5. 5. “ Our American Cousin” <ul><li>What Lincoln doesn’t realize is that a famous face at the theater will be the person who will take his life. </li></ul>
  6. 6. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>Booth was a Southern sympathizer. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many conspiracy theories surrounding his role in the assassination </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was he part of a secret service organization for the South? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was he working on direct orders of Jefferson Davis? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>All of the information we have says that Booth devised the assassination by himself, but with the help of a few friends. </li></ul>
  7. 7. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>Originally, Booth hoped to kidnap Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They would take him to Richmond and use him to bargain for Confederate prisoners of war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This plan never worked out for Booth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ For six months we had worked to capture. But, our cause being almost lost, something decisive and great must be done.“ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Arnold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helped Booth with his kidnapping scheme </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was arrested and sentenced to life for being a part of the Booth conspiracy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael O’Laughlen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conspired with Booth about the kidnapping of the President </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was in Washington, D.C. on the day of the assassination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No evidence connects him to the murder plot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntarily surrendered himself to the authorities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to life in prison </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edman Spangler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accused of aiding Booth’s escape from Ford’s Theater after the assassination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supposedly punched another theater worker in the face and told him not to inform the police about which way Booth went after leaving the theater </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lewis Powell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Involved in the kidnapping plot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned to kill Secretary of State, William Seward </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arrived at the boardinghouse of Mary Surratt, mother of John Surratt, just as the police also arrived to arrest her </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to death by hanging for his role in the conspiracy and attempted murder </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Herold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was to guide Lewis Powell to Seward’s house for the murder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did not stay to help Powell escape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Met up with Booth and aided his escape until they were both captured by Union troops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to death by hanging </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Samuel Mudd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced Booth to John Surratt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Set and splinted Booth’s broken left leg during his escape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed not to recognize his patient as Booth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sentenced to life in prison for conspiracy and aiding Booth </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Atzerodt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Was assigned to kill Vice- President Andrew Johnson </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most people think that he chickened out at the last minute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No attempt was made on Johnson’s life that night </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Found guilty for conspiracy and sentenced to death by hanging </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John and Mary Surratt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mother and son </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the conspirators had stayed at the Surratt boardinghouse in the days leading up to the assassination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Surratt escaped to Canada </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mary Surratt was arrested and found guilty for aiding the conspiracy– she was sentenced to death by hanging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She was the first woman to be executed by the U.S. government </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Had been to a Lincoln speech the day before the assassination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planned to shoot the President, then escape to the South where he thought he would be welcomed like a hero </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. John Wilkes Booth’s Plot <ul><li>The co-conspirators: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Wilkes Booth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Booth was on the run for almost two weeks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He was surrounded in a barn in Virginia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He refused to surrender, so Union troops tried to burn the barn down to force him out </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A soldier named Boston Corbett shot Booth in the neck and he was pulled from the barn </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Booth was paralyzed from the bullet-- just before he died, he looked at his hands and said “Useless, useless.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. The Booth Diary Conspiracy <ul><li>When Booth died, the Union soldiers found a red address book on him that had been used as a diary. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There are missing pages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere from 14-86 pages has been guessed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Booth’s last entry </li></ul>
  22. 22. Lincoln’s Funeral <ul><li>Lincoln’s body traveled across the country from Washington, D.C. to his hometown of Springfield, where he remains today </li></ul>
  23. 23. Jefferson Davis <ul><li>Nearly one month later, Davis was captured and the Confederate States of America were dissolved </li></ul>
  24. 24. Effects of the War <ul><li>Ended the threat of secession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Although states’ rights is still an issue today </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Income tax and National Bank Act </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery abolished– 13 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Great human and economic costs </li></ul><ul><li>Red Cross </li></ul><ul><li>Photojournalism </li></ul>