American History - Chapter 6
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American History - Chapter 6

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American History - Chapter 6 American History - Chapter 6 Presentation Transcript

  • The New Nation Chapter 6
  • Washington Takes the Lead
    • How the U.S. formed a new government
    • How the political ideas of Hamilton and Jefferson differed
    • How political differences evolved into a two-party system
  • Washington Takes the Lead
    • America was a “ bold experiment ”
      • First to be based on republican rule and individual rights
    • Issues to tackle:
      • Judicial Branch
      • Executive Branch
  • Washington Takes the Lead
    • Judicial Branch
      • How to work out the details
    • Judiciary Act of 1789:
      • Set up the court system and made it possible to appeal a ruling to a federal court
  • Washington Takes the Lead
    • Executive Branch
      • Washington chose men to fill new executive departments, his “ Cabinet ”
        • Secretary of State : Thomas Jefferson
        • Secretary of Treasury : Alexander Hamilton
        • Secretary of War : Henry Knox
        • Attorney General : Edmund Randolph
  • Washington Takes the Lead
    • Why do you think it is important for the president to have a cabinet?
  • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
    • Views of government
      • Hamilton:
        • Strong central govt. led by prosperous elite
        • Urban, industrial U.S.
          • - Jefferson:
          • Strong state/local govts. with the participation of the people
          • Rural, Agricultural U.S.
  • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
    • Hamilton’s plan for the economy:
        • Pay off foreign debt and buy state debt
        • Bank of the United States : funded by federal government and private investors, would issue paper money and other government funds
  • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
    • Controversy over the Bank:
      • Strict interpretation  reading the Constitution word for word
      • Loose interpretation  reading between the lines (elastic clause)
  • The First Political Parties
    • Federalists
        • Agreed with Hamilton’s view of a strong central government
    • Democratic-Republicans
        • Supported Jefferson’s view of strong state governments
  • The First Political Parties
    • Are political parties a danger to national unity?
  • The Nation’s First Test
    • Whiskey Rebellion :
      • Excise tax on whiskey caused farmer uprising on the frontier
      • Hamilton and Washington believed it was an opportunity to show the strength of the national govt.
  • ASSIGNMENT
    • Page 187
        • #3 and 4
    • Pages 188-189
        • What was the difference between a country and a city education?
        • How did schooling for girls differ from that of boys?
        • What types of work did young boys and young girls do?
        • How did many young people spend their leisure time?
        • What types of physical hardships were young people exposed to during this period in history?
  • Foreign Troubles
    • Summarize nation’s developing foreign policy
    • Explain how America dealt with Native Americans
    • Identify divisions between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
  • Foreign Troubles
    • The French Revolution
      • Americans were divided on whether to support the Revolution
        • Washington declared neutrality : supporting neither side
  • Foreign Troubles
    • Pinckney’s Treaty (1795):
        • Spain gave up all land east of the Mississippi River and allowed U.S. citizens and traders to use the river and its port
  • Native Americans Resist
    • Battle of Fallen Timbers:
        • American settlers clashed with remaining British troops and Native American tribes west of the Appalachians
        • In 1794, American troops defeated the Miami tribe in Ohio
        • They built a fort close to a nearby British fort in defiance
  • Ousting the British
    • Jay’s Treaty:
      • John Jay negotiated a treaty with Britain
        • British agreed to let America control western territory
        • British could continue fur trade in America
  • Looming War with France
    • X,Y,Z Affair
    • Alien and Sedition Acts
        • nullification
  • ASSIGNMENT
    • Read pg. 195 about the Alien and Sedition Acts. Write a ¾ page editorial about the Acts by choosing to write from one of these positions:
        • Federalist
        • An immigrant
        • Democratic-Republican
      • Discuss whether the Acts are good or bad and why.
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Significant changes during the early years of Jefferson’s presidency
    • Examples of the declining power of the Federalists
    • Importance of Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark expedition
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr (1800)
      • 12 th Amendment
        • Cast separate ballots for president and vice-president
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • How did Thomas Jefferson simplify the presidency and decentralize power? (p.198)
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Federalists (and the North) lose power
        • Southern Presidents
        • Refused to participate in political campaigns
        • Settlers in new states voted for D-R, who supported farmers
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • John Marshall (Federalist)
      • Increased power of the Supreme Court
    • Judiciary Act of 1801
        • Increased number of Sup. Crt. Judges by 16
        • Adams filled with Federalists, midnight judges
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Marbury v. Madison
      • found that a provision of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional ( judicial review )
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • The Louisiana Purchase
      • James Monroe and Robert Livingston doubled the size of the U.S. by buying the LA territory for $15 million
    I don’t know if this is constitutional…..
  • Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Lewis and Clark expedition
      • From St. Louis to Pacific Coast
      • Goals:
        • Collect information about plants and animals
        • Learn about Native American tribes
  • War of 1812
    • Four Causes
      • British blockade of French ports
        • America can’t trade with France
      • British policy of impressment
      • Tecumseh and Native Confederacies
        • Attempt to wipe “white” influence out of America
        • Some asked for British help
      • “ War hawks” ask Congress to declare war on Britain
  • War of 1812
    • Events of the War:
      • British burn the White House
      • Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” saves the Port of New Orleans
      • Treaty of Ghent
        • Peace agreement declaring an armistice
        • Re-confirmed American independence
  • ASSIGNMENT
    • Lewis and Clark map worksheet
        • In-class
    • Section 4 worksheet