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American History - Chapter 6

American History - Chapter 6






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    American History - Chapter 6 American History - Chapter 6 Presentation Transcript

    • The New Nation Chapter 6
    • Washington Takes the Lead
      • How the U.S. formed a new government
      • How the political ideas of Hamilton and Jefferson differed
      • How political differences evolved into a two-party system
    • Washington Takes the Lead
      • America was a “ bold experiment ”
        • First to be based on republican rule and individual rights
      • Issues to tackle:
        • Judicial Branch
        • Executive Branch
    • Washington Takes the Lead
      • Judicial Branch
        • How to work out the details
      • Judiciary Act of 1789:
        • Set up the court system and made it possible to appeal a ruling to a federal court
    • Washington Takes the Lead
      • Executive Branch
        • Washington chose men to fill new executive departments, his “ Cabinet ”
          • Secretary of State : Thomas Jefferson
          • Secretary of Treasury : Alexander Hamilton
          • Secretary of War : Henry Knox
          • Attorney General : Edmund Randolph
    • Washington Takes the Lead
      • Why do you think it is important for the president to have a cabinet?
    • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
      • Views of government
        • Hamilton:
          • Strong central govt. led by prosperous elite
          • Urban, industrial U.S.
            • - Jefferson:
            • Strong state/local govts. with the participation of the people
            • Rural, Agricultural U.S.
    • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
      • Hamilton’s plan for the economy:
          • Pay off foreign debt and buy state debt
          • Bank of the United States : funded by federal government and private investors, would issue paper money and other government funds
    • Jefferson vs. Hamilton
      • Controversy over the Bank:
        • Strict interpretation  reading the Constitution word for word
        • Loose interpretation  reading between the lines (elastic clause)
    • The First Political Parties
      • Federalists
          • Agreed with Hamilton’s view of a strong central government
      • Democratic-Republicans
          • Supported Jefferson’s view of strong state governments
    • The First Political Parties
      • Are political parties a danger to national unity?
    • The Nation’s First Test
      • Whiskey Rebellion :
        • Excise tax on whiskey caused farmer uprising on the frontier
        • Hamilton and Washington believed it was an opportunity to show the strength of the national govt.
      • Page 187
          • #3 and 4
      • Pages 188-189
          • What was the difference between a country and a city education?
          • How did schooling for girls differ from that of boys?
          • What types of work did young boys and young girls do?
          • How did many young people spend their leisure time?
          • What types of physical hardships were young people exposed to during this period in history?
    • Foreign Troubles
      • Summarize nation’s developing foreign policy
      • Explain how America dealt with Native Americans
      • Identify divisions between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans
    • Foreign Troubles
      • The French Revolution
        • Americans were divided on whether to support the Revolution
          • Washington declared neutrality : supporting neither side
    • Foreign Troubles
      • Pinckney’s Treaty (1795):
          • Spain gave up all land east of the Mississippi River and allowed U.S. citizens and traders to use the river and its port
    • Native Americans Resist
      • Battle of Fallen Timbers:
          • American settlers clashed with remaining British troops and Native American tribes west of the Appalachians
          • In 1794, American troops defeated the Miami tribe in Ohio
          • They built a fort close to a nearby British fort in defiance
    • Ousting the British
      • Jay’s Treaty:
        • John Jay negotiated a treaty with Britain
          • British agreed to let America control western territory
          • British could continue fur trade in America
    • Looming War with France
      • X,Y,Z Affair
      • Alien and Sedition Acts
          • nullification
      • Read pg. 195 about the Alien and Sedition Acts. Write a ¾ page editorial about the Acts by choosing to write from one of these positions:
          • Federalist
          • An immigrant
          • Democratic-Republican
        • Discuss whether the Acts are good or bad and why.
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • Significant changes during the early years of Jefferson’s presidency
      • Examples of the declining power of the Federalists
      • Importance of Louisiana Purchase and Lewis and Clark expedition
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr (1800)
        • 12 th Amendment
          • Cast separate ballots for president and vice-president
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • How did Thomas Jefferson simplify the presidency and decentralize power? (p.198)
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • Federalists (and the North) lose power
          • Southern Presidents
          • Refused to participate in political campaigns
          • Settlers in new states voted for D-R, who supported farmers
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • John Marshall (Federalist)
        • Increased power of the Supreme Court
      • Judiciary Act of 1801
          • Increased number of Sup. Crt. Judges by 16
          • Adams filled with Federalists, midnight judges
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • Marbury v. Madison
        • found that a provision of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional ( judicial review )
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • The Louisiana Purchase
        • James Monroe and Robert Livingston doubled the size of the U.S. by buying the LA territory for $15 million
      I don’t know if this is constitutional…..
    • Jefferson’s Presidency
      • Lewis and Clark expedition
        • From St. Louis to Pacific Coast
        • Goals:
          • Collect information about plants and animals
          • Learn about Native American tribes
    • War of 1812
      • Four Causes
        • British blockade of French ports
          • America can’t trade with France
        • British policy of impressment
        • Tecumseh and Native Confederacies
          • Attempt to wipe “white” influence out of America
          • Some asked for British help
        • “ War hawks” ask Congress to declare war on Britain
    • War of 1812
      • Events of the War:
        • British burn the White House
        • Andrew Jackson “Old Hickory” saves the Port of New Orleans
        • Treaty of Ghent
          • Peace agreement declaring an armistice
          • Re-confirmed American independence
      • Lewis and Clark map worksheet
          • In-class
      • Section 4 worksheet