Britain was looking for ways to save money it wanted to keep troops stationed in the Thirteen Colonies but decided to make the Thirteen Colonies pay for the troops to do this they raised the taxes placed on the 13 Colonies
students think-pair-share their thoughts- the colonists were very upset and protested the fact that Britain taxed them, yet they were not allowed to elect representatives to the government
- Descriptor words for conflict protest and rebellion discuss difference between protest and rebellion with the students
- 1776 the US declared itself independent of Britain and began a war
-draw on perspective taking and ask the students if they think that everyone in the 13 Colonies would support this war
The war deeply divided communities in the 13 ColoniesThose who supported the rebellion called themselves “Patriots” Those who wanted to remain united to the British empire (and loyal to Britain) called themselves Loyalists
-it is important now to make note of an important fact…. (option: have students look at and/or read the blurb above the illustration on page 169 and discuss)-back in 1775 (so the year before the US was declared a country) American soldiers attacked Quebec hoping to free it from British rule-the Americans thought that the Canadiens would welcome them as liberators they were wrong and the attack failed-What would Canada be like today if the people of Quebec had chosen differently?
-reiterate the rebellion taking place in the 13 Colonies, then pose this question
-most of these people called themselves Loyalists and most had British ancestors -however, this wave of people included 3,000 black Loyalists, 2,000 Haudenosaunee people (who became allies of Britain during the war), and 3,000 German Mennonites (who had not taken sides in the war)
-persecuted systematic mistreatment; subject someone (or a group of people) to hostility; harass persistentlypersecuted on account of race, religion, nationality, and/or political opinion
The United States Breaks Away
• After 1763Britain was deeply in debt because of the Seven Years’ War• Britain did not want to lose their influence in North America and therefore wanted to keep their troops stationed in the Thirteen Colonies
• To fund the troops Britain decided to raise the taxes in the Thirteen Colonies
The colonists felt that Britainhad no right to tax them, asBritain did not allow coloniststo elect representatives tothe British parliament
• In 1775 the protests in the colonies turned into rebellion• George Washington took command of an army raised in the Thirteen Colonies to fight British rule
• In 1776 the Thirteen Colonies decided to break away from Britain and become an independent country….
the American Revolution (which lasted from 1776-1783)
-supported -opposed the the rebellion rebellion and and desiredPatriots to be free Loyalists wanted to remain united from British and loyal to rule BritainDid they support breaking away from or remaining under British rule?
• Before we carry on discussing the Loyalists further, it is important to note of the fact that… the colonies of Quebec and Nova Scotia did notwant to join this war against British rule
Question: What do you think was theexperience of the Loyalists wholived in the Thirteen Colonies?
• During (and even after) the war, many people who supported British rule left the Thirteen Colonies (now called the United States) for the British colonies of Quebec and Nova Scotia• They were refugees escaping to territories that remained under British rule
• Question: What is a refugee? A refugee is a person who is outside their country of origin (or habitual residence) because they are a member of a persecuted social group.
- In groups of 4 you will now work to create a list on chart- paper of the challenges that the Loyalists faced because of relocating.- Use the profiles of the different Loyalists on pages . 175-178 to guide you.