*Image via BingPRESENTATION BY AMLAN ROY CHOWDHURY.CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
WHAT IS CONFLICT ???
   Wall & Callister, 1995, “process in which one    party perceives that its interests are being    opposed or negatively...
THEREFORE CONFLICT IS ????   1.WITHIN ( personal individualistic can lead to    frustration and depression if not managed...
CONFLICT BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS   People have differing styles of    communication, ambitions, political or    religious vie...
CONFLICT BETWEEN GROUP OF PEOPLE   Whenever people form groups, they tend to    emphasize the things that make their grou...
CONFLICT WITHIN A GROUP OF PEOPLE   Even within one organization or team, conflict    can arise from the individual diffe...
CAUSES OF CONFLICT……
*Image via Bing
THERE COULD BE N NUMBER OF CAUSES FOR CONFLICT scarcity of resources (finance, equipment,  facilities, etc) different at...
AND …. HOW TO CREATE CONFLICT.. Not being a Role Model. Take credit and no recognition. Be Judgemental. Send written m...
A CLASSIC CASE ….
THE FLOW CHART OF CONFLICT.               ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS                                       FELT CONFLICTPRECIEV...
ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS ?? Scares Resources Conflicting Attitude Ambiguous Jurisdiction Communication Barrier Need for ...
IDENTIFICATION OF CONFLICT.
INDIVIDUALS HAVE DIFFERENT OBJECTIVES   A successful team has to have a clear    objective so that everyone is working to...
THERE IS AN UNHEALTHY LEVEL OF COMPETITION   Competition can be a wonderful motivator, but    not if the team members in ...
THEIR ROLES ARE NOT CLEARLY DEFINED   When you first start a new project, it’s important    to make sure each member of t...
THE WORKFLOW HAS BEEN DISRUPTED   Sometimes one part of a project can not be    completed without another part being    f...
THERE WAS A BREAKDOWN IN COMMUNICATION   Sometimes pieces of information are relayed    incorrectly in error. In some cas...
TWO MAJOR TYPES OF CONFLICT   "DISPUTES OF RIGHT", where people or groups are    entitled by law, by contract, by previou...
EFFECTS OF CONFLICT IN AN ORGANIZATION
 STRESS ABSENTEEISM STAFF TURNOVER DEMOTIVATION NON-PRODUCTIVITY HINDRANCE TO THE GROWTH OR  PROPER FUNCTIONING OF A...
BUT CONFLICT IS NEEDED…..
 Helps to raise and address problems. Energizes work to be focused on the most  important priorities. Helps people “be ...
CONFLICT IS A POSITIVE TRAIT…..BUT…….   It is but natural trait of Human beings to have    differences of opinion and dif...
CONFLICT MANAGEMENT/ RESOLUTION
THE GRID.            I WIN         I LOSE            WIN--WIN    LOSE--WINYOU WIN            WIN--LOSE   LOSE--LOSEYOULOSE
RESOLUTION STYLES. COMPETETIVE     (    WIN—LOSE ) ACCOMODATIVE    (    WIN—WIN ) AVOIDANCE       (    LOSE—LOSE ) COM...
STYLE..1----COMPETETIVE (WIN—LOSE)   People who tend towards a competitive style take a    firm stand, and know what they...
STYLE..2– ACCOMODATIVE               ( WIN—WIN )   This style indicates a willingness to meet the needs of    others at t...
STYLE..3-- AVOIDANCE       ( LOSE—LOSE)  People tending towards this style seek to evade  the conflict entirely. This sty...
STYLE..4– COMPROMISE              ( LOSE—LOSE)   People who prefer a compromising style try    to find a solution that wi...
STYLE..5– COLLABORATIVE ( WIN—WIN)   People tending towards a collaborative style try    to meet the needs of all people ...
INTEREST BASED RELATION APPROACH ( IBR)
IBR APPROACH……   Interest-Based Relational (IBR) Approach".    This type of conflict resolution respects    individual di...
   Make sure that good relationships are the first    priority: As far as possible, make sure that you treat the    other...
   Listen first; talk second: To solve a problem    effectively you have to understand where the other    person is comin...
THE PROCESS……   Based on these approaches, a starting point    for dealing with conflict is to identify the    overriding...
STEP . 1 SET THE SCENE   If appropriate to the situation, agree the rules of    the IBR Approach (or at least consider us...
STEP. 2 GATHER INFORMATION Here you are trying to get to the underlying  interests, needs, and concerns. Ask for the  oth...
IMPORTANT….   Listen with empathy and see the conflict from    the other persons point of view.   Identify issues clearl...
STEP . 3 AGREE TO THE PROBLEM.   This sounds like an obvious step, but often different    underlying needs, interests and...
STEP.4      BRAINSTORM POSSIBLE SOLUTION   If everyone is going to feel satisfied with the    resolution, it will help if...
STEP. 5 NEGOTIATE A SOLUTION   By this stage, the conflict may be resolved: Both    sides may better understand the posit...
THE SALIENT POINTS
 Assure Privacy. Empathize and than Sympathize. Listen Actively. Maintain equity. Avoid Blame. Focus on issue not on...
NIP AT THE BUD… Allow your team to EXPRESS openly. Frequent meeting of your TEAM. Share Objectives. Having a clear and...
IN CONCLUSION…….
   Conflict is Human Nature and since society,    organizations and associations involves    more than one individual, co...
CONFLICT THEREFORE IS UNAVOIDABLE   Dependence of Workforce on One Another.   Interaction Among The Workforce.   Comple...
Poorly Managed Conflict:Unfavorable with counter productive ResultsProblems and Negative Attitude.  Professionally manage...
PRESENTATION BY AMLAN ROY               CHOWDHURYTHE END
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Conflict  management
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Conflict management

4,253

Published on

Conflict is Human Nature and since society, organizations and associations involves more than one individual, conflict is bound to happen and in most cases subconsciously individuals adjust, tune, and adapt to accommodate other’s point of view to reduce the conflict. This is Conflict Management which is a integral process and takes place without even us knowing about it.

Published in: Business, Education
1 Comment
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,253
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
393
Comments
1
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Conflict management"

  1. 1. *Image via BingPRESENTATION BY AMLAN ROY CHOWDHURY.CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. WHAT IS CONFLICT ???
  3. 3.  Wall & Callister, 1995, “process in which one party perceives that its interests are being opposed or negatively affected by another party". Rahim, 1992, “the interactive process manifested in incompatibility, disagreement, or dissonance within or between social entities”.
  4. 4. THEREFORE CONFLICT IS ???? 1.WITHIN ( personal individualistic can lead to frustration and depression if not managed well) 2. FAMILY, ( breakups, fights, and unhealthy atmosphere within, depression among the siblings and tendency to reach for psychological soothers like the drugs etc) 3.ORGANIZATION. ( this leads to industrial unrest loss of production and loss of employee morale and finally attrition
  5. 5. CONFLICT BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS People have differing styles of communication, ambitions, political or religious views and different cultural backgrounds. In our diverse society, the possibility of these differences leading to conflict between individuals is always there, and we must be alert to preventing and resolving situations where conflict arises.
  6. 6. CONFLICT BETWEEN GROUP OF PEOPLE Whenever people form groups, they tend to emphasize the things that make their group "better than" or "different from" other groups. This happens in the fields of sport, culture, religion and the workplace and can sometimes change from healthy competition to destructive
  7. 7. CONFLICT WITHIN A GROUP OF PEOPLE Even within one organization or team, conflict can arise from the individual differences or ambitions mentioned earlier; or from rivalry between sub-groups or factions. All leaders and members of the organization need to be alert to group dynamics that can spill over into conflict.
  8. 8. CAUSES OF CONFLICT……
  9. 9. *Image via Bing
  10. 10. THERE COULD BE N NUMBER OF CAUSES FOR CONFLICT scarcity of resources (finance, equipment, facilities, etc) different attitudes, values or perceptions disagreements about needs, goals, priorities and interests poor communication poor or inadequate organizational structure lack of teamwork lack of clarity in roles and responsibilities
  11. 11. AND …. HOW TO CREATE CONFLICT.. Not being a Role Model. Take credit and no recognition. Be Judgemental. Send written messages. Subordinate should come to see me. Make yourself inaccessible to the team. Telling them? Consulting Them? Deciding with them? Come tomorrow. Introduce change without consulting them.
  12. 12. A CLASSIC CASE ….
  13. 13. THE FLOW CHART OF CONFLICT. ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS FELT CONFLICTPRECIEVED CONFLICT MANIFEST BEHAVIOUR CONFLICT RESOLUTION/SUPPRESION RESOLUTION AFTERMATH
  14. 14. ANTECEDENT CONDITIONS ?? Scares Resources Conflicting Attitude Ambiguous Jurisdiction Communication Barrier Need for Consensus Unresolved prior Conflicts Knowledge of Self and Others
  15. 15. IDENTIFICATION OF CONFLICT.
  16. 16. INDIVIDUALS HAVE DIFFERENT OBJECTIVES A successful team has to have a clear objective so that everyone is working towards the same goal. Two different people working towards two different goals will have difficulty communicating with each other, as they’ll each believe themselves to be right
  17. 17. THERE IS AN UNHEALTHY LEVEL OF COMPETITION Competition can be a wonderful motivator, but not if the team members in competition are taking themselves too seriously, find themselves arguing over information, and suddenly become unproductive. Competition occurs on the corporate level as well, with different departments vying for resources as
  18. 18. THEIR ROLES ARE NOT CLEARLY DEFINED When you first start a new project, it’s important to make sure each member of the team understands his or her tasks and how they will contribute to the overall outcome. If these roles are not clearly identified, individuals will start to feel as though other members of the team aren’t pulling their weight, or they might perceive their teammates as being overly critical of the tasks they do perform
  19. 19. THE WORKFLOW HAS BEEN DISRUPTED Sometimes one part of a project can not be completed without another part being finished first. If the group completing the first tasks is late, or turns in shoddy work, the second group will be further delayed. This will almost always lead to resentment and a disgruntled, uncomfortable workplace.
  20. 20. THERE WAS A BREAKDOWN IN COMMUNICATION Sometimes pieces of information are relayed incorrectly in error. In some cases, an employee may withhold a piece of information to purposely sabotage another. Regardless, communication errors are a major cause of conflict in the workplace. It’s important to make sure all information is relayed as efficiently and effectively as possible so that no one person relies on another for critical data
  21. 21. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF CONFLICT "DISPUTES OF RIGHT", where people or groups are entitled by law, by contract, by previous agreement or by established practice to certain rights. Disputes of right will focus on conflict issues such as employment contracts, legally enforceable matters or unilateral changes in accepted or customary practices. A dispute of rights is, therefore, usually settled by legal decision or arbitration and not by negotiation. "DISPUTES OF INTEREST", where the conflict may be a matter of opinion, such as where a person or group is entitled to some resources or privileges (such as access to property, better working conditions, etc). Because there is no established law or right, a dispute of interest will usually be solved through collective bargaining or negotiation.
  22. 22. EFFECTS OF CONFLICT IN AN ORGANIZATION
  23. 23.  STRESS ABSENTEEISM STAFF TURNOVER DEMOTIVATION NON-PRODUCTIVITY HINDRANCE TO THE GROWTH OR PROPER FUNCTIONING OF ANY ORGANIZATION INCREASES ATTRITION CREATES UNMANAGEABLE BEHAVIOR RESULTING IN MOB FURY.
  24. 24. BUT CONFLICT IS NEEDED…..
  25. 25.  Helps to raise and address problems. Energizes work to be focused on the most important priorities. Helps people “be real” and motivates them to fully participate. Helps people learn how to recognize and benefit from their differences.
  26. 26. CONFLICT IS A POSITIVE TRAIT…..BUT……. It is but natural trait of Human beings to have differences of opinion and differences of ideas whenever there is a conglomeration and association in order to bring about the best strategy and the best work plan for the organization that the group or the association or the conglomeration is working for. Conflict therefore is but a natural phenomenon. Therefore Conflict is not a negative trait
  27. 27. CONFLICT MANAGEMENT/ RESOLUTION
  28. 28. THE GRID. I WIN I LOSE WIN--WIN LOSE--WINYOU WIN WIN--LOSE LOSE--LOSEYOULOSE
  29. 29. RESOLUTION STYLES. COMPETETIVE ( WIN—LOSE ) ACCOMODATIVE ( WIN—WIN ) AVOIDANCE ( LOSE—LOSE ) COMPROMISE ( LOSE—LOSE ) COLLABORATION ( WIN—WIN )
  30. 30. STYLE..1----COMPETETIVE (WIN—LOSE) People who tend towards a competitive style take a firm stand, and know what they want. They usually operate from a position of power, drawn from things like position, rank, expertise, or persuasive ability. This style can be useful when there is an emergency and a decision needs to be make fast; when the decision is unpopular; or when defending against someone who is trying to exploit the situation selfishly. However it can leave people feeling bruised,
  31. 31. STYLE..2– ACCOMODATIVE ( WIN—WIN ) This style indicates a willingness to meet the needs of others at the expense of the persons own needs. The accommodator often knows when to give in to others, but can be persuaded to surrender a position even when it is not warranted. This person is not assertive but is highly cooperative. Accommodation is appropriate when the issues matter more to the other party, when peace is more valuable than winning, or when you want to be in a position to collect on this "favor" you gave. However people may not return favors, and overall this approach is unlikely to give the best outcomes
  32. 32. STYLE..3-- AVOIDANCE ( LOSE—LOSE) People tending towards this style seek to evade the conflict entirely. This style is typified by delegating controversial decisions, accepting default decisions, and not wanting to hurt anyones feelings. It can be appropriate when victory is impossible, when the controversy is trivial, or when someone else is in a better position to solve the problem. However in many situations this is a weak
  33. 33. STYLE..4– COMPROMISE ( LOSE—LOSE) People who prefer a compromising style try to find a solution that will at least partially satisfy everyone. Everyone is expected to give up something, and the compromiser him- or herself also expects to relinquish something. Compromise is useful when the cost of conflict is higher than the cost of losing ground, when equal strength opponents are at a standstill and when there is a
  34. 34. STYLE..5– COLLABORATIVE ( WIN—WIN) People tending towards a collaborative style try to meet the needs of all people involved. These people can be highly assertive but unlike the competitor, they cooperate effectively and acknowledge that everyone is important. This style is useful when a you need to bring together a variety of viewpoints to get the best solution; when there have been previous conflicts in the group; or when the situation is too important for a simple trade-off.
  35. 35. INTEREST BASED RELATION APPROACH ( IBR)
  36. 36. IBR APPROACH…… Interest-Based Relational (IBR) Approach". This type of conflict resolution respects individual differences while helping people avoid becoming too entrenched in a fixed
  37. 37.  Make sure that good relationships are the first priority: As far as possible, make sure that you treat the other calmly and that you try to build mutual respect. Do your best to be courteous to one-another and remain constructive under pressure. Keep people and problems separate: Recognize that in many cases the other person is not just "being difficult" – real and valid differences can lie behind conflictive positions. By separating the problem from the person, real issues can be debated without damaging working relationships. Pay attention to the interests that are being presented: By listening carefully youll most-likely understand why the person is adopting his or her position.
  38. 38.  Listen first; talk second: To solve a problem effectively you have to understand where the other person is coming from before defending your own position. Set out the "Facts": Agree and establish the objective, observable elements that will have an impact on the decision. Explore options together: Be open to the idea that a third position may exist, and that you can get to this idea jointly. By following these rules, you can often keep contentious discussions positive and constructive. This helps to prevent the antagonism and dislike which so-often causes conflict to spin out of control
  39. 39. THE PROCESS…… Based on these approaches, a starting point for dealing with conflict is to identify the overriding conflict style employed by yourself, your team or your organization Look at the circumstances, and think about the style that may be appropriate
  40. 40. STEP . 1 SET THE SCENE If appropriate to the situation, agree the rules of the IBR Approach (or at least consider using the approach yourself.) Make sure that people understand that the conflict may be a mutual problem, which may be best resolved through discussion and negotiation rather than through raw aggression. If you are involved in the conflict, emphasize the fact that you are presenting your perception of the problem. Use active listening skills to ensure you hear and understand others positions and perceptions. Restate. Paraphrase. And make sure that when you talk, youre using an adult, assertive approach rather than a submissive
  41. 41. STEP. 2 GATHER INFORMATION Here you are trying to get to the underlying interests, needs, and concerns. Ask for the other persons viewpoint and confirm that you respect his or her opinion and need his or her cooperation to solve the problem. Try to understand his or her motivations and goals, and see how your actions may be affecting these. Also, try to understand the conflict in objective terms: Is it affecting work performance? damaging the delivery to the client? disrupting team work? hampering decision-making? or so on. Be sure to focus on work issues and
  42. 42. IMPORTANT…. Listen with empathy and see the conflict from the other persons point of view. Identify issues clearly and concisely. Use "I" statements. Remain flexible. Clarify feelings
  43. 43. STEP . 3 AGREE TO THE PROBLEM. This sounds like an obvious step, but often different underlying needs, interests and goals can cause people to perceive problems very differently. Youll need to agree the problems that you are trying to solve before youll find a mutually acceptable solution. Sometimes different people will see different but interlocking problems – if you cant reach a common perception of the problem, then at the very least, you need to understand what the other
  44. 44. STEP.4 BRAINSTORM POSSIBLE SOLUTION If everyone is going to feel satisfied with the resolution, it will help if everyone has had fair input in generating solutions. Brainstorm possible solutions, and be open to all ideas, including ones you never considered before
  45. 45. STEP. 5 NEGOTIATE A SOLUTION By this stage, the conflict may be resolved: Both sides may better understand the position of the other, and a mutually satisfactory solution may be clear to all. However you may also have uncovered real differences between your positions. This is where a technique like win-win negotiation can be useful to find a solution that, at least to some extent, satisfies everyone. There are three guiding principles here: Be Calm, Be Patient, Have Respect
  46. 46. THE SALIENT POINTS
  47. 47.  Assure Privacy. Empathize and than Sympathize. Listen Actively. Maintain equity. Avoid Blame. Focus on issue not on Personality. Encourage Feedback. Identify Alternate solutions. Give Your Positive Feedback. Agree On Action Plan.
  48. 48. NIP AT THE BUD… Allow your team to EXPRESS openly. Frequent meeting of your TEAM. Share Objectives. Having a clear and transparent job description. Distribute the task equally and fairly. NEVER CRITICISE TEAM MEMBERS PUBLICLY.
  49. 49. IN CONCLUSION…….
  50. 50.  Conflict is Human Nature and since society, organizations and associations involves more than one individual, conflict is bound to happen and in most cases subconsciously individuals adjust, tune, and adapt to accommodate other’s point of view to reduce the conflict. This is Conflict Management which is a integral process and takes place without even us knowing about it.
  51. 51. CONFLICT THEREFORE IS UNAVOIDABLE Dependence of Workforce on One Another. Interaction Among The Workforce. Complexity of organizational Relationship.
  52. 52. Poorly Managed Conflict:Unfavorable with counter productive ResultsProblems and Negative Attitude. Professionally managed conflictIdentify legitimate differences.Stimulates Competition.Motivates the workforce.
  53. 53. PRESENTATION BY AMLAN ROY CHOWDHURYTHE END
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×