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There is nothing much to say about meditation. This is the oldest practise by virtue of which one can control ones mind and the mind becomes the strongest tool for tackling any challenges that life may throw at us. Meditation is the tool described in the vedic scriptures and today it is accepted world wide as a potent and effective therapy.

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  1. 1. MEDITATION*Image via Bing
  2. 2. A SHORT HISTORY• The history of meditation goes back many thousands of years into antiquity itself. As part of the system of Yoga the principles were divinely received by the Rishis, (illumined sages of India) as a means of self salvation, allowing man a path back to union again with his divine creator, God.• According to Patanjali Yoga Sutra, MEDITATION is the seventh step towards spiritualism, and the eighth step being the samadhi—Union with the creator
  3. 3. SO… WHAT IS MEDITATION ?• Meditation is a practice of concentrated focus upon a sound, object, visualization, the breath, movement, or attention itself in order to increase awareness of the present moment, reduce stress, promote relaxation, and enhance personal and spiritual growth.
  4. 4. SO, IF YOU ARE WONDERING, WHY DO WE …………..?*Image via Bing
  5. 5. *Image via Bing
  6. 6. *Video by QuakerVille via YouTube
  7. 7. *Video by 101408blogspot via YouTube
  8. 8. BENEFITS OF MEDITATION• 1.Meditation benefits people with or without acute medical illness or stress• .2. People who meditate regularly have been shown to feel less anxiety and depression.• 3. They also report that they experience more enjoyment and appreciation of life and that their relationships with others are improved.
  9. 9. BENEFITS OF MEDITATION• 4. Meditation produces a state of deep relaxation and a sense of balance or equanimity.• According to Her Holiness MAA SHREE "Meditation cultivates an emotional stability that allows the meditator to experience intense emotions fully while simultaneously maintaining perspective on them." Out of this experience of emotional stability, one may gain greater insight and understanding about ones thoughts, feelings, and actions. This insight in turn offers the possibility to feel more confident and in control of life.• 5. Meditation facilitates a greater sense of calmness, empathy, and acceptance of self and others.
  10. 10. BENEFITS OF MEDITATION• Increases situational awareness• Reduces stress• Makes you more positive in attitude• Teaches to be more objective• One is more energetic, mental faculties are sharper,• Problems don’t seem problems anymore. Attitude changes.
  13. 13. TECHNIQUES OF MEDITATION*Image via Bing
  14. 14. *Image via Bing
  15. 15. 108 Meditation Techniques*Image via Bing
  16. 16. MANTRA MEDITATION• Mantra, literally meaning revealed sound, means a sound or combination of sounds which develop spontaneously. In mantra meditation, specific sounds are repeated (japa) to achieve a meditative state .• Transcendental Meditation (TM) introduced by Maharshi Mahesh Yogi is also a form of Mantra Meditation where the participants are provided their personal Mantra.• AUM, as a word, is a beautiful and wonderful mantra as it has a resonance which immediately transports oneself into a meditative state.
  17. 17. STEADY GAZE ( TRATAKA )MEDITATION• Trataka ( to gaze steadily) has been followed by most religious systems including Christianity and Sufism. In Trataka, a steady gaze is performed on an object. While, it strictly comes under the category of a yoga cleansing technique, effective trataka practice takes one to the shores of meditation..• .•
  18. 18. Method:In this a regular candle is used, however anyother object of choice can be used. The candle isset up at an arms distance, level with eyes, andsteady gazing is first done with the eyes open.After some time, the eyes are closed, and theafter image of the flame is gazed at with eyesclosed at the eye brow center. Try not to movethrough out the practice. Relax your breath , let itlengthen, deepen
  19. 19. VIPASANA MEDITATION• It is usually done in a course of 10 days, when the participants refrain from reading, writing, and even talking (except discussing difficulties faced during meditation with the teacher). Set aside 15 minutes. Find a quiet place. Sit down cross-legged on the floor or a chair with a straight back. Become aware of your breath. Take a mental note of whatever feeling you are experiencing. Open your eyes slowly after 10 or 15 minutes and get up gradually. Do not worry if you do not get any great insights in your first session. Try to be aware of your senses and emotions and their impact on you.
  20. 20. ZEN MEDITATION *Image via Bing
  21. 21. Sit on the forward third of a chair or a cushion on the floor.Arrange your legs in a position you can maintain comfortably. In the half-lotusposition, place your right leg on your left thigh.In the full lotus position, put your feet on opposite thighs. You may also sit simplywith your legs tucked in close to your body, but be sure that your weight isdistributed on three points: both of your knees on the ground and your buttocks onthe round cushion. On a chair, keep your knees apart about the width of yourshoulders, feet firmly planted on the floor.
  22. 22. Take a deep breath, exhale fully, and take another deep breath, exhaling fully.With proper physical posture, your breathing will flow naturally into your lowerabdomen. Breathe naturally, without judgement or trying to breathe a certainway.Keep your attention on your breath whilst practicing this zen meditation. Whenyour attention wanders, bring it back to the breath again and again -- as manytimes as necessary! Remain as still as possible, following your breath andreturning to it whenever thoughts arise.
  23. 23. Be fully, vitally present with yourself. Simply do your very best. At the end of yoursitting period, gently swing your body from right to left in increasing arcs. Stretchout your legs, and be sure they have feeling before standing.Practice easy Zen meditation every day for at least ten to fifteen minutes (orlonger) and you will discover for yourself the treasure house of the timelesslife of zazen -- your very life itself.
  24. 24. THE ACTUAL EASY PROCESS• First, Sit Upright• Relax the Body• Breathe Evenly Inhale slowly, counting to eight. Hold the breath for eight more counts, then exhale slowly to the same count. Without pausing, inhale again — hold — exhale, each to the count of eight. This is called the Measured Breathing Exercise. Repeat it three to six times. You can vary the count according to your lung capacity, but always keep it equal during inhalation, holding, and exhalation. Finish your practice by inhaling deeply, then exhaling completely.
  25. 25. The “AUM” Technique of ConcentrationNow wait for the next breath to come in of its own accord. When it does, mentallysay ”AUM” pronounced as OM. This time, don’t hold the breath, but exhale naturally. Asyou do, mentally say ”AUM” again“AUM” is an ancient Sanskrit mantra (a mantra is a word, syllable, or group of syllables,which can convey spiritual power when pronounced correctly, often with repetition).It isthe primordial sound signifying the universe. It means “I am He” or “I am Spirit.” Try tofeel that your breath itself is silently making the sounds of “AUM”
  26. 26. Make no attempt to control your breath. Simply observe it as it flows in and outnaturally.In the beginning you may be mostly aware of the physical manifestation of thebreathing process as your diaphragm and chest expand and contract.As your breath grows calmer, however, try to become aware of its flow in the nostrils,then gradually transfer your awareness higher and higher in the nasal passages.With the eyes closed, turn your gaze upward to the point midway between theeyebrows within your forehead. Concentrate there. This is the seat of spiritualconsciousness in the body, also called the spiritual eye, or Christ Center. In time, try tofeel the flow of the breath near the spiritual eye within your forehead.Keep your gaze steady at the point between the eyebrows throughout your practice.Don’t allow your eyes to follow the movement of the breath. If you find that your mindhas wandered, gently bring it back to an awareness of the breath and the mantra.
  27. 27. PRAY• Begin your meditation with a prayer. This will help you remember why you are meditating! You will also be inviting the Divine, or your Higher Self, to help you in your practice.
  28. 28. SIT PERFECTLY STILL• Moving your body even slightly sends the energy into the muscles. The purpose of yoga is to withdraw that energy inward and upward, to the brain. Thus, any physical movement during meditation will counteract your meditative effort.• To keep yourself from fidgeting, try to think of your body as a rock — solid and unmoving. Refuse to move for the first five minutes of meditation, and you will find that your body will grow calm of its own accord.• Your physical and mental restlessness will subside the longer you sit still. A glass of muddy water will become clear in time if it’s undisturbed. The same is true for us!
  29. 29. DO NOT CONTROL YOUR BREATH• After the preliminary breathing exercises, you should cease any effort to control the breath. Let it flow naturally. You may notice that the pauses between the inhalation and exhalation are gradually becoming longer.• Enjoy these pauses, for they are a glimpse of the deep state of advanced meditation. As you grow very calm, your breath may become so shallow, and the pauses so prolonged, that it hardly seems necessary to breathe at all.• Do not be alarmed. This is good!
  30. 30. HOW LONG TO MEDITATE• It is entirely up to you. Make sure, however, to allow enough time after the “aum” practice to sit still and enjoy the calm meditative state.
  31. 31. *Image via Bing
  32. 32. WHERE TO MEDITATE• If possible, set aside an area that is used exclusively for meditation. In time it will become saturated with spiritual vibrations. A small room, a corner of your bedroom, or even closet can suffice, as long as it is well ventilated.• Keep it simple. All you really need is a chair or small cushion to sit on, and perhaps a small altar. Face East if possible, and place a wool or silk blanket on the floor to insulate your body from the subtle magnetic currents of the earth.
  33. 33. PROPER MEDITATION POSTURE• In addition to sitting on a straight-backed chair, there are other ways of sitting that are appropriate for mediation. You can sit on the floor in any of the several poses: cross-legged, half-lotus pose, or full-lotus pose.• Two things, however, are essential: your spine must be straight, and you must be able to relax completely without slouching.
  34. 34. *Image via Bing
  36. 36. PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS• 1- It lowers oxygen consumption.• 2- It decreases respiratory rate.• 3- It increases blood flow and slows the heart rate.• 4- Increases exercise tolerance.• 5- Leads to a deeper level of physical relaxation.• 6- Reduces anxiety attacks by lowering the levels of blood lactate.• 7- Decreases muscle tension• 9- Helps in chronic diseases like allergies, arthritis etc.
  37. 37. PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS CON’T• 10- Reduces Pre-menstrual Syndrome symptoms.• 11- Helps in post-operative healing.• 12- Enhances the immune system.• 13- Reduces activity of viruses and emotional distress• 14- Enhances energy, strength and vigour.• 15- Helps with weight loss• 16- Reduction of free radicals, less tissue damage• 17- Higher skin resistance
  38. 38. PHYSIOLOGICAL…………….• 18- Drop in cholesterol levels, lowers risk of cardiovascular disease.• 19- Improved flow of air to the lungs resulting in easier breathing.• 20- Decreases the aging process.• 21- Higher levels of DHEAS (Dehydroepiandrosterone)• 22- prevented, slowed or controlled pain of chronic diseases• 23- Makes you sweat less• 24- Cure headaches & migraines• 25- Greater Orderliness of Brain Functioning
  39. 39. PHYSIOLOGICAL…………….• 26- Normalizes to your ideal weight• 27- harmonizes our endocrine system• 28- relaxes our nervous system• 29- produce lasting beneficial changes in brain electrical activity• 30- Cure infertility (the stresses of infertility can interfere with the release of hormones that regulate ovulation).
  40. 40. PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS• 31- Builds self-confidence.• 32- Increases serotonin level, influences mood and behaviour.• 33- Resolve phobias & fears• 34- Helps control own thoughts• 35- Helps with focus & concentration• 36- Increase creativity• 37- Increased brain wave coherence.• 38- Improved learning ability and memory.• 39- Increased feelings of vitality and rejuvenation.• 40- Increased emotional stability.• 41- improved relationships
  41. 41. PSYCHOLOGICAL……..• 42- Improved relations at home & at work• 43- Able to see the larger picture in a given situation• 44- Helps ignore petty issues• 45- Increased ability to solve complex problems• 46- Purifies your character• 47- Develop will power• 48- greater communication between the two brain hemispheres• 49- react more quickly and more effectively to a stressful event.• 50- increases one’s perceptual ability and motor performance• 51- higher intelligence growth rate• 52- Increased job satisfaction
  42. 42. PSYCHOLOGICAL……..• 53- increase in the capacity for intimate contact with loved ones• 54-decrease in potential mental illness• 55- Better, more sociable behaviour• 56- Less aggressiveness• 57- Helps in quitting smoking, alcohol addiction• 58- Reduces need and dependency on drugs, pills & pharmaceuticals• 59- Need less sleep to recover from sleep deprivation• 60- Require less time to fall asleep, helps cure insomnia
  43. 43. SPIRITUAL BENEFITS• 61- Helps keep things in perspective• 62- Provides peace of mind, happiness• 63- Helps you discover your purpose• 64- Increased self-actualization.• 65- Increased compassion• 66- Growing wisdom• 67- Deeper understanding of yourself and others• 68- Brings body, mind, spirit in harmony• 69- Deeper Level of spiritual relaxation• 70- Increased acceptance of oneself• 71- helps learn forgiveness
  44. 44. SPIRITUAL……….• 72- Changes attitude toward life• 73- Creates a deeper relationship with your God• 74- Attain enlightenment• 75- greater inner-directedness• 76- Helps living in the present moment• 77- Creates a widening, deepening capacity for love• 78- Discovery of the power and consciousness beyond the ego