Farming System, Types And Decisions And Distribution ApPresentation Transcript
THE FARMING SYSTEM
Farming is an industry and operates like other industries. It is a system with: INPUTS: These are what go into a farm and can be divided into physical, human and economic inputs. PROCESSES: These are the activities on the farm which turn the inputs into outputs. OUTPUTS: These are the products of the farm. If the farm is to make a profit the value of the outputs should be greater than that of the inputs.
Farming system Inputs labour capital seeds animals fertilisers pesticides Processes ploughing sowing spraying adding fertiliser harvesting grazing milking Outputs wheat potatoes barley seeds crop waste milk hides wool eggs profit
The Farmer is very important and is the DECISION-MAKER. Each individual farmers decision on what crops to grow or animals to rear, and which methods to use to maximise output, depends on an UNDERSTANDING of the most favourable physical and economic conditions for the farm. Sometimes, the farmer may have several choices and so the decision may depend upon individual likes and expertise. On other occasions the choice may be limited by extreme physical conditions or economic or political pressures.
What are the different types of farming? Concentrates on rearing of animals. Only grows crops e.g. arable farms in East Anglia. Mixed Farming: Grows crops and rears animals Producing food only to feed themselves and their families. In LEDC’s most farming is subsistence. Farmers grow crops and rear animals to sell in order to make a profit. In MEDC’s most farming is commercial. Arable Pastoral Commercial Subsistence
Where the farm size is very large compared with either the amount of money spent on it or the number of people working there. Where the farm is small in size compared to the numbers working there or the amount of money spent on it, ie have high inputs of labour or capital (money) in order to achieve high outputs per hectare or yield. SEDENTARY: Settlement is permanent and the landscape is farmed every year. NOMADIC Nomadic farmers move around to find fresh pasture for animals or new plots of land to cultivate. Extensive Intensive
Relief (shape of the land)
Accessibility to the market and labour supply
The main factors affecting the distribution of farming in the UK are: What effects the distribution of farming in the UK?
CASE STUDY : PRIMARY INDUSTRY IN UK (MEDC) VINE HOUSE FARM, LINCOLNSHIRE.
CASE STUDY : VINE HOUSE FARM, EAST ANGLIA (an arable farm)
Where is it ?
What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram)
How has it changed ?
CASE STUDY : VINE HOUSE FARM, EAST ANGLIA (an arable farm) Don’t forget to include KEYWORDS !! Include simple FACTS !! Remember to describe its LOCATION . Summarise- You can’t learn it all Answer the following questions in your booklets; 1. Where is it ? 2. What are the inputs, outputs, processes ? (systems diagram) 3. How has it changed ?