Radio nav and landing technique<br />Preparation for DACP2011 Jumpseat Flight<br />Yuuji Izumo, Gary Law<br />VATSIM Hong ...
How does a plane know where it is?<br />
Before our iron birds getting angry…<br />We must do SOMETHING!<br />
ANGRY NAVIGATION <br />
RADIO NAVIGATION <br />
NDB<br />Non-Directional Beacon<br />
On MF<br />Early navaids<br />Low cost<br />Simple<br />Reliable<br />
Needle in <br />ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) <br />will always point to the NDB<br />Only 1x NDB in Hong Kong Lam Chau...
VOR<br />VHF Omni-Directional Range<br />
On VHF<br />360 degree nav<br />Long distance<br />w/ DME<br />Reliable<br />
How to track VOR course?<br />1. Fly a intercepting heading to track a VOR course<br />2. Turn the knob to rotate the cour...
Instrument Landing System <br />
divided into two system – Localizerand Glideslope<br />= Horizontal guidance + Vertical guidancerespectively<br />
Glideslope (G/S) – An array for Vertical Guidance<br />3 degrees Glide path in Hong Kong.<br />
What are we going to <br />FLY?<br />
First - <br />ILS approach<br />
Flight parameters are displayed on Primary Flight Displays (PFD) while  navigation data is displayed on Navigation Display...
The selectors, with associated indication, are provided for:<br /><ul><li>Speed,
Heading,
Altitude.</li></ul>You will see how these selectors affect the EFIS displays in the modules that follow.<br />SPEED<br />H...
The ILS pb on the EFIS control panel enables the pilots to switch on an  ILS display.<br />
The ILS display includes indications for:<br /><ul><li>Localizer,
Front course,
Glide slope,
Information.</li></li></ul><li>ILS deviation information is displayed in the form of  Localizer and  Glideslope deviation ...
A magenta diamond represents the localizer.<br />When the  ILS front course is within the compass scale it is displayed as...
In the example shown the aircraft is established on the localizer and the Glideslope indication has appeared in the form o...
The aircraft is now fully established on the ILS approach.<br />Let’s look at the indications on the compass scale in deta...
With the aircraft established on the localizer;<br /><ul><li>the heading is 230 degrees
the track diamond is showing 3 degrees of left drift
The ILS front course dagger is beneath the track diamond.</li></ul>You will see how useful the track diamond can be to hel...
360<br />340<br />320<br />300<br />.636<br />During an FMGS computed (managed) descent  the single triangle is split into...
360<br />280<br />340<br />260<br />320<br />240<br />=<br />300<br />220<br />o<br />Following initial deceleration to 25...
280<br />240<br />=<br />260<br />220<br />o<br />240<br />200<br />=<br />220<br />180<br />o<br />140<br />A further dec...
240<br />220<br />S<br />=<br />220<br />200<br />=<br />o<br />200<br />180<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />Once...
220<br />S<br />200<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />Notice that at S speed the aircraft is below the limit speed fo...
220<br />220<br />S<br />F<br />200<br />200<br />=<br />=<br />180<br />180<br />160<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />As s...
220<br />F<br />200<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />Notice that the approach speed target, V Approach, has now appe...
220<br />200<br />F<br />F<br />200<br />180<br />=<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />120<br />As b...
200<br />160<br />F<br />180<br />=<br />140<br />160<br />120<br />140<br />100<br />120<br />The aircraft will eventuall...
120<br />100<br />080<br />060<br />Once the aircraft lands all additional speed indications are removed apart from the sp...
http://hk.vatsea.net  (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
A naughty monkey is on runway<br />
Climb<br />IDLE<br />TOGA<br />FLX / MCT<br />
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Preparation for A320 jumpseat flight

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  • Visual?Compass?
  • INS appeared in 50s
  • LOC = an array for keeping you’re a/c in the middle of runway
  • Three slot while pushing forwardIDLECL (no use while takeoff)FLX (Use this)TOGA (never push to this unless permitted)
  • Preparation for A320 jumpseat flight

    1. 1. Radio nav and landing technique<br />Preparation for DACP2011 Jumpseat Flight<br />Yuuji Izumo, Gary Law<br />VATSIM Hong KongStanding Committee on Aviation Resource and Education Development<br />
    2. 2. How does a plane know where it is?<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Before our iron birds getting angry…<br />We must do SOMETHING!<br />
    5. 5. ANGRY NAVIGATION <br />
    6. 6. RADIO NAVIGATION <br />
    7. 7. NDB<br />Non-Directional Beacon<br />
    8. 8. On MF<br />Early navaids<br />Low cost<br />Simple<br />Reliable<br />
    9. 9. Needle in <br />ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) <br />will always point to the NDB<br />Only 1x NDB in Hong Kong Lam Chau (LC 390 kHz) <br />Most NDB has been decommissioned, such as<br />HKG (Cape D’Aguilar) and SL (Sha Lo Wan)<br />
    10. 10. VOR<br />VHF Omni-Directional Range<br />
    11. 11. On VHF<br />360 degree nav<br />Long distance<br />w/ DME<br />Reliable<br />
    12. 12. How to track VOR course?<br />1. Fly a intercepting heading to track a VOR course<br />2. Turn the knob to rotate the course card. (to the course you want to intercept)3. Check the TO/FROM indicator.4. The Course Deviation Indicator will move slowly to the centre5. Turn your aircraft to the course heading6. Keep tracking the course with the Course Deviation Indicator.<br />VOR Simulator<br />
    13. 13. Instrument Landing System <br />
    14. 14. divided into two system – Localizerand Glideslope<br />= Horizontal guidance + Vertical guidancerespectively<br />
    15. 15. Glideslope (G/S) – An array for Vertical Guidance<br />3 degrees Glide path in Hong Kong.<br />
    16. 16. What are we going to <br />FLY?<br />
    17. 17. First - <br />ILS approach<br />
    18. 18.
    19. 19. Flight parameters are displayed on Primary Flight Displays (PFD) while navigation data is displayed on Navigation Displays (ND).<br />PFD1<br />PFD2<br />ND1<br />ND2<br />ELECTRONIC FLIGHT INSTRUMENT SYSTEM<br />
    20. 20. The selectors, with associated indication, are provided for:<br /><ul><li>Speed,
    21. 21. Heading,
    22. 22. Altitude.</li></ul>You will see how these selectors affect the EFIS displays in the modules that follow.<br />SPEED<br />HEADING<br />ALTITUDE<br />
    23. 23. The ILS pb on the EFIS control panel enables the pilots to switch on an ILS display.<br />
    24. 24. The ILS display includes indications for:<br /><ul><li>Localizer,
    25. 25. Front course,
    26. 26. Glide slope,
    27. 27. Information.</li></li></ul><li>ILS deviation information is displayed in the form of Localizer and Glideslope deviation scales.<br />The ILS front course will be displayed in magenta at the side of the compass scale if the figure is outside the visible scale. <br />
    28. 28. A magenta diamond represents the localizer.<br />When the ILS front course is within the compass scale it is displayed as a magenta dagger.<br />
    29. 29. In the example shown the aircraft is established on the localizer and the Glideslope indication has appeared in the form of a magenta diamond.<br />
    30. 30. The aircraft is now fully established on the ILS approach.<br />Let’s look at the indications on the compass scale in detail.<br />
    31. 31. With the aircraft established on the localizer;<br /><ul><li>the heading is 230 degrees
    32. 32. the track diamond is showing 3 degrees of left drift
    33. 33. The ILS front course dagger is beneath the track diamond.</li></ul>You will see how useful the track diamond can be to help you fly an accurate approach in the simulator phase.<br />
    34. 34. 360<br />340<br />320<br />300<br />.636<br />During an FMGS computed (managed) descent the single triangle is split into two to give a speed range. <br />A double magenta bar indicates the target speed. In the example shown the target speed is 325 knots. The speed will vary in between the two speed range indicators as the aircraft maintains the required descent profile.<br />Managed descent profiles will be studied in depth in the Autoflight modules.<br />Upper speed range<br />indication<br />Managed Target Airspeed<br />Lower speed range<br />indication<br />
    35. 35. 360<br />280<br />340<br />260<br />320<br />240<br />=<br />300<br />220<br />o<br />Following initial deceleration to 250 knots there is an indication of the next flap limiting speed, VFE Next. <br />In this case the next flap setting is 1 so an indication is shown at 230 knots. The VFE Next indication will be visible provided the aircraft is below 15,000 feet. <br />Green Dot Speed may also be visible.<br />VFE Next<br />Green Dot Speed<br />
    36. 36. 280<br />240<br />=<br />260<br />220<br />o<br />240<br />200<br />=<br />220<br />180<br />o<br />140<br />A further deceleration to Green Dot Speed takes the airspeed below the VFE for the first flap selection.<br />Flap 1 can now be selected.<br />Notice that a target speed of 140 knots has appeared. This represents the approach speed target.<br />VFE Next<br />
    37. 37. 240<br />220<br />S<br />=<br />220<br />200<br />=<br />o<br />200<br />180<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />Once the flap lever is in position 1, S Speed, VFE Next and the Flap limit speed indications will appear.<br />The speed will decrease towards S speed.<br />Flap Limit speed, VFE<br />VFE Next<br />S Speed<br />
    38. 38. 220<br />S<br />200<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />Notice that at S speed the aircraft is below the limit speed for the next flap setting, VFE Next.<br />Flap 2 can now be selected.<br />VFE Next<br />S Speed<br />
    39. 39. 220<br />220<br />S<br />F<br />200<br />200<br />=<br />=<br />180<br />180<br />160<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />As soon as the flap lever is in position 2 , S Speed is removed. <br />F Speed, and a new VFE Next indications will appear. The Flap limit speed will move to a new limit.<br />Flap Limit speed, VFE<br />VFE Next<br />F speed<br />
    40. 40. 220<br />F<br />200<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />140<br />Notice that the approach speed target, V Approach, has now appeared as a magenta triangle. <br />The aircraft will continue decelerating towards F speed.<br />By reducing towards F speed the aircraft will be below the VFE for the next flap setting.<br />Flap 3 can now be set.<br />Flap Limit speed, VFE<br />VFE Next<br />V Approach Speed<br />
    41. 41. 220<br />200<br />F<br />F<br />200<br />180<br />=<br />=<br />180<br />160<br />160<br />140<br />140<br />120<br />As before VFE Next and VFE move to reflect the new flap position.<br />Flap full can now be selected.<br />Flap Limit speed, VFE<br />VFE Next<br />
    42. 42. 200<br />160<br />F<br />180<br />=<br />140<br />160<br />120<br />140<br />100<br />120<br />The aircraft will eventually stabilize at V Approach and the VFE will be adjusted to reflect Full Flap.<br />There are indications associated with speed and angle of attack protections. <br />Protection speeds<br />
    43. 43. 120<br />100<br />080<br />060<br />Once the aircraft lands all additional speed indications are removed apart from the speed trend arrow.<br />Having thoroughly studied the Airspeed indications lets look at Altitude indications.<br />
    44. 44. http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
    45. 45. A naughty monkey is on runway<br />
    46. 46. Climb<br />IDLE<br />TOGA<br />FLX / MCT<br />
    47. 47.
    48. 48. Then - <br />VOR approach<br />
    49. 49.
    50. 50. Still have any questions?<br />
    51. 51. Chat with us online<br />Or talk to us <br />
    52. 52. Get me on Slideshare !<br />http://www.slideshare.net/Yuuji<br />
    53. 53. Thank you <br />

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