ATIS and ATC English

3,970 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,970
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
169
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ATIS and ATC English

  1. 1. ATC English andAutomatic Terminal Information Service<br />Yuuji Izumo<br />VATSIM Hong KongStanding Committee on Aviation Resource and Education Development<br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  2. 2. Objectives:<br />At the end of training, trainees should :<br /><ul><li>Understanding ATC communications
  3. 3. Understand message from ATIS and METAR</li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  4. 4. Website : http://hk.vatsea.net<br />E-mail: vatsim-hk@live.hk<br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  5. 5. Today’s Topics<br />Aerospace Simplified English <br />ATC Phases<br />3. METAR decoding<br />4. Automatic Terminal Information Service<br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  6. 6. Ablatives  <br />ATIS Automatic Terminal Information Service <br />ATC  Air Traffic Control <br />STEMG Simplified Technical English Maintenance Group <br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  7. 7. Aerospace Simplified English  <br /><ul><li>Simplified English is a controlled language developed for Aerospace
  8. 8. Now many professional aspect like Railway Industries using Simplified English</li></ul>- Maintain by the Simplified Technical English Maintenance Group (STEMG)<br />- Could be found in “Boeing Simplified English Checker”<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  9. 9. Rules of Aerospace Simplified English  <br />- Restrict sentence length to no more than 20 – 25 words<br />- Restrict paragraphs to no more than 6 sentences<br />- Avoid slang<br />- Make instructions as specific as possible (Like : GO or NO GO) <br />- Use simple verb tenses (past, present, and future)<br />- Use active voice<br />- Write sequential steps as separate sentences<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  10. 10. Comparison <br />- Reduce ambiguity<br />- Improve the clarity of technical writing, especially procedural writing<br />- Improve comprehension for people whose first language is not English<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  11. 11. Comparison <br /><ul><li>Reduce ambiguity </li></ul>To decrease doubt<br /><ul><li>Improve the clarity of technical writing, especially procedural writing </li></ul>Make reading faster<br /><ul><li>Improve comprehension for people whose first language is not English </li></ul>It can help understanding for people whose first language is not English<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  12. 12. Examples<br />Mr. Train Operator, do you want to isolate a wrong type of door with the number B5 in C801 carriage? <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  13. 13. Examples<br />Confirm isolating C801 B5 Door? <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  14. 14. Examples<br />If we don’t use Simplified English, it will become: <br />Wing anti-ice is not working. <br />Altitude alert aural warnings will not sound. <br />Pressure indication of hydraulic system no.1 is not reliable. <br />Auto ground spoilers malfunctioned …… <br />
  15. 15. ATC English <br /><ul><li>Base on Simplified English
  16. 16. Distribute every meaning by different phases
  17. 17. Issue command directly
  18. 18. Very short sentence to reduce radio occupied time
  19. 19. No concern of polite or not </li></li></ul><li>ATC Phases<br />
  20. 20. ATC Phases<br />- Request <br />Ask for permission / information<br />- Affirm / Negative / Say again<br />Yes / No / Repeat what you said <br />- Standby<br />Wait<br />- Cleared to …<br />Approved <br />-Taxi to runway __ by taxiway A, B, C, D…<br />Taxi your plane to specified runway via taxiway A, B, C, D<br />- Hold / Hold short / Hold your position<br />Stay at one place, Stop and don’t move<br />
  21. 21. ATC Phases<br />- Squawking <br />ATC ask you to adjust your transponder code <br />- Say intention<br />Tell ATC your intention of flight <br />- Vector<br />ATC guiding your plane by using radar vector method <br />- Climb FL170 / Descend to 3000ft<br />Climb to Flight Level 170 / Descend to 3000ft<br />- Contact _______ on 118 decimal 4 …<br />Switch your radio and contact a specified ATC<br />
  22. 22. ATC Conversation Sample<br />Pay attention to the Cathay Plane.<br />
  23. 23. ATC Conversation Sample<br />
  24. 24. ATC Conversation Sample<br />What did he said ?<br />
  25. 25. ATC Conversation Sample<br />“Good morning. Cathay 139 descending to 10000, with information X” <br />
  26. 26. Weather Report (METAR) <br />- METAR - METeorological Aerodrome Report<br />- A Format of weather information <br />- Initially introduced at 1, January 1968 <br />- Provided by weather observatory or automatic generated<br />Main information provided: <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  27. 27. METAR<br />Meaning<br />Decoding<br />VHHH<br />ICAO airport code <br />Hong Kong Airport <br />231830Z<br />Date / Hour / Minute (UTC)<br />Day of 2318:30Zulu time<br />06008KT<br />Wind Direction / Speed (Knots)<br />Wind heading 060 at 8 knots<br />7000<br />Visibility <br />The visibility was 7000 meters<br />FEW010<br />Few cloud<br />Few cloud layer at 1000 ft<br />SCT022<br />Scattered cloud<br />Scatter cloud layer at 2200ft<br />20/17<br />Temperature / Dew Point<br />20oC / 17oC<br />Q1017 <br />Atmospheric pressure<br />1017HPa<br />NOSIG<br />TREND Forecast <br />No significant changes <br />METAR meaning<br /> <br />METAR VHHH 231830Z 06008KT 7000 FEW010SCT022 20/17 Q1017 NOSIG<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  28. 28. Automatic Terminal Information System <br /><ul><li>Voice Transcript of METAR
  29. 29. Recording replays non-stop automatically
  30. 30. Pilots can access anytime, reduce communication
  31. 31. Now usually finished by computer generated voice
  32. 32. Additional information of airport will be added</li></ul>VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  33. 33. ATIS Sample – Easy  <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  34. 34. What was included inside ATIS ? <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  35. 35. ATIS Sample - Medium <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  36. 36. What was included inside ATIS ? <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  37. 37. ATIS Sample - Medium <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  38. 38. What was included inside ATIS ? <br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />
  39. 39. http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  40. 40. Get me on Slideshare !<br />http://www.slideshare.net/Yuuji<br />

×