Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation<br />Yuuji Izumo<br />VATSIM Hong KongStanding Committee on Aviation Resou...
Objectives:<br />At the end of training, trainees should to:<br />- Able to understanding different flying rules <br /><ul...
Able to identify different navigation aids </li></ul>12/25/2009<br />MTR Corporation<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />VATSIM Hon...
Website : http://hk.vatsea.net<br />E-mail: vatsim-hk@live.hk<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />12/25/2009<br />MTR Corporation<b...
Today’s Topics<br />Flying Rules<br />IFR / VFR <br />2. Aerodrome<br />Marking <br />Signs<br />Runway<br />Taxiway<br />...
 Understand how control surfaces working </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net  (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
Ablatives<br />DME – Distance Measure Equipment<br />RNP – Required Navigation Performance <br />r/w – Runway<br />ILS - I...
 Understand how control surfaces working </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net  (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
http://hk.vatsea.net  (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />Aerodrome layout <br />
Runway<br />Threshold Marking<br /><ul><li>Provides width of the runway, each stripe represents 5m wide
The runways at VHHH has 16 stripes on each end, which they are 16x5=80m wide -></li></ul>Displaced Threshold <br /><ul><li...
Landing is prohibited  </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
Runway<br />Touchdown Zone Marking [TD zone]<br /><ul><li>Two SOLID blocks of marking
A visual reference for pilots to perform touchdown nearby the marking</li></ul>Runway Designation <br /><ul><li>Consists o...
Aerodrome Signs<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
Critical Aerodrome Signs<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
Runway Boundary<br />Runway Boundary Sign (Holding Point)<br /><ul><li>A reference which separate between taxiway and Runways
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Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation

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Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation

  1. 1. Flying Rules, Aerodrome markings and navigation<br />Yuuji Izumo<br />VATSIM Hong KongStanding Committee on Aviation Resource and Education Development<br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  2. 2. Objectives:<br />At the end of training, trainees should to:<br />- Able to understanding different flying rules <br /><ul><li>Able to understanding aerodrome signs and layout
  3. 3. Able to identify different navigation aids </li></ul>12/25/2009<br />MTR Corporation<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  4. 4. Website : http://hk.vatsea.net<br />E-mail: vatsim-hk@live.hk<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />12/25/2009<br />MTR Corporation<br />http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />
  5. 5. Today’s Topics<br />Flying Rules<br />IFR / VFR <br />2. Aerodrome<br />Marking <br />Signs<br />Runway<br />Taxiway<br />Layout <br />3. Radio navigation<br />VOR<br />NDB<br />ILS/DME<br />4. Precise navigation<br />RNAV / RNP<br />Objects:<br />At the end of training, trainees should to:<br /><ul><li> Understand and identify foundation of an aircraft
  6. 6. Understand how control surfaces working </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  7. 7. Ablatives<br />DME – Distance Measure Equipment<br />RNP – Required Navigation Performance <br />r/w – Runway<br />ILS - Instrument Landing System<br />IFR – Instrument Flight Rules<br />NDB – Non-Directional Beacon<br />Txy – Taxiway<br />VFR – Visual Flight Rules<br />VOR – VHF Omni Range <br />Objects:<br />At the end of training, trainees should to:<br /><ul><li> Understand and identify foundation of an aircraft
  8. 8. Understand how control surfaces working </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  9. 9. http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />Aerodrome layout <br />
  10. 10. Runway<br />Threshold Marking<br /><ul><li>Provides width of the runway, each stripe represents 5m wide
  11. 11. The runways at VHHH has 16 stripes on each end, which they are 16x5=80m wide -></li></ul>Displaced Threshold <br /><ul><li>Can increase TORA
  12. 12. Landing is prohibited  </li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  13. 13. Runway<br />Touchdown Zone Marking [TD zone]<br /><ul><li>Two SOLID blocks of marking
  14. 14. A visual reference for pilots to perform touchdown nearby the marking</li></ul>Runway Designation <br /><ul><li>Consists of the a magnetic trackof the center-line</li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  15. 15. Aerodrome Signs<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  16. 16. Critical Aerodrome Signs<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  17. 17. Runway Boundary<br />Runway Boundary Sign (Holding Point)<br /><ul><li>A reference which separate between taxiway and Runways
  18. 18. The runway-side are dashed, non-runway-side are solid</li></ul>ILS Critical Area Boundary Sign<br /><ul><li>A line reference which notify the traffic is crossing the ILS gild slope path and may cause ILS signal distortion for Approaching traffics.
  19. 19. May also serve as Runway Boundary Sign for ILS CAI II / III runway.</li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  20. 20. Critical Markings<br />Blast Pad Marking<br /><ul><li>Denotes the area of Blast Pad
  21. 21. Take-off and landing are strictly prohibited</li></ul>Closed Marking<br /><ul><li>The 'X' Indicates that the taxiway/runway is not in service.
  22. 22. However runway with the “X” sign can also considered as taxiway.</li></ul>http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  23. 23. Taxiway markings<br />Taxiway center-line<br /><ul><li>Solid yellow</li></ul>Taxiway edge<br /><ul><li>Double dash yellow
  24. 24. Allowed to cross
  25. 25. Double solid yellow
  26. 26. Not allowed to cross</li></ul>Vehicle Roadway Markings<br />Mainly for ground crew <br />Roadway center-line<br /><ul><li>Dash white</li></ul>Roadway edge<br /><ul><li>Solid or zipper style white (same usage)</li></ul>Taxiways Marking<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  27. 27. PAPI Precision Approach Path Indicator<br />Precision Approach Path IndicatorPAPI <br /><ul><li>Consist of four lights visible from distance
  28. 28. Color pattern changes as aircraft's glide angle from touchdown zone
  29. 29. The steepness of the glide path shouldbe usually 3°
  30. 30. For visual reference, does not coincide with ILS during final</li></ul>What is a glide path?<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  31. 31. Aerodrome Lighting<br />Runway Centerline (White, with Red at the end)<br />Glide Slope<br />Runway Edge (White, with Yellow at the end)<br />PAPI (Red and White)<br />Threshold (Green bar)<br />Approach Lighting System (Varies)<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  32. 32. Aerodrome Lighting<br />Runway end<br />Taxiway Centerline (Green)<br />Taxiway Edge (Blue)<br />Intersecting taxiways<br />http://hk.vatsea.net/(+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />
  33. 33. http://hk.vatsea.net (+852) 35947770<br />VATSIM Hong Kong<br />

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