Animal Nutrition
Dr. Makhdoom
Abdul Jabbar
Executive Member Punjab Agri. Research Board,
Lahore
Mob. 0333-4568071
majabbar...
i. Classification of feed
resources
Summer Fodders
i. Green Roughages ---- Fodders
Winter Fodders
Roughages
ii. Dry Rougha...
ii. Classification of Feeds
Protein sources ----Cakes and meals
Concentrate
Energy sources ---- Grains, Oil. Fats
iii. Classification of Feeds

Macro-minerals- Ca, P, Mg, Na, K
Minerals
Micro-minerals Zn, Fe, Co, Se, I etc.
Bacteria and Protozoa present in the
rumen
FODDERS:
1)

Summer Fodders

2)

Winter Fodders

3)

Dry Fodders
Composition of Summer Fodders
Type of fodder

Production
/acre (Ton)

Dry matter
(%)

Protein
(%)

Maize

18-20

29.30

7....
Composition of Winter Fodders
Type of
fodder

Dry Matter
(%)

Protein
(%)

Yield
(Tons/acre)

Berseem

15.62

19.90

30-35...
Composition of dry fodders
Type of fodder
Wheat straw
Rice straw
Maize stovers
Sorghum stovers
Millet stovers
Corn cobs
Be...
Daily allowance







Fodder @ 10% of body weight ~ 40-60 kg
Ration ~ Half of milk production
More ration during sum...
Silage


Silage is a method of
preservation of fresh
fodder by which high
moisture fodder can be
stored for longer period...
Types of silos
Bag Silos
COMMON FEED
INGREDIENTS
For
FEED FORMULATION
COMPOSITION OF COMMON
FEED INGREDIENTS
Name of feed ingredient

Protein
(%)

TDN
(%)

Est. Price (Rs.
Per Kg)

Cotton seed...
Name of feed ingredient

Protein
(%)

TDN
(%)

Est. Price (Rs.
Per Kg)

Rice polishing
Wheat bran

12.36
14.99

89.9
71.0
...
MAIN PARTS OF A
RATION FORMULA
Vitamins
sources

Mineral
sources

Vitamins Salt, bone
A, D and E, meal, DCP
and
mineral
mi...
DIFFERENT FORMULAE
FOR
DAIRY ANIMALS
RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-1
Sr. No.

Feed Ingredients

Percentage

1
2

Cotton seed cake
Maize gluten 30%

15.0
20....
RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS2
Sr. No.
1

(When cotton seed meal isPercentage
not
Feed Ingredients
Soybean meal availab...
RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY
ANIMALS-3 (When molasses is not
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5
6

available)

Feed Ingredients
Rape seed cake
...
RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY
ANIMALS-4
( With Soybean )

Feed Ingredients

Percentage

Soybean meal
Sunflower meal

=
=

14
15...
CALF FEEDING
Milk Replacer


Protein 20%

Mainly of Animal origin like Dry milk powder,
whey milk powder etc.
 TDN 80%
Energy source ...
CALF STARTER RATION
Sr. No.
1

Feed Ingredients
Cotton seed meal/soybean meal

Percentage
30.0

2
3

Maize grains (ground)...
Mature low quality fodder
Urea molasses block
FEED SUPPLEMENTS
urea molasses blocks
Sr. No.
1

Feed Ingredients
Maize gluten 30%

Percentage
22.0

2
3

Urea
Rice polish...
MINERAL MIXTURE ?
MINERAL MIXTURE
Sr. No.

Feed Ingredients

Percentage

1

Di-calcium phosphate (DCP)

70.81 kg

2

Common salt

18.91 kg

...
BALES OF
MIXED

COMPLETE
RATION
REDUCTION IN VOLUME DUE TO DENSIFICATION
BALED RATION FOR DRY
ANIMALS

Sr. No.
1

Feed Ingredients
Wheat straw

Percentage
50.0

2
3

Sunflower cake
Cotton seed me...
BALED RATION FOR LACTATING
BUFFALOES WITH 10.0 LIT. DAILY MILK
Sr. No.

Feed Ingredients

Percentage

1

Wheat straw

43.0...
BALED RATION FOR 15 lit PRODUCTION
Sr. No.

Feed Ingredients

Percentage

1

Wheat straw

26.0

2

Rice polishing

15.0

3...
Monensin




First discovered 1967
Extensively used in dairy and beef animals
Prevents coccidiosis, increases propionic...
Energy concentrates
Protected fat



Berga fat
Megalac (fat)
HEALTH IS WEALTH !
American Soybean Association
&
Nutrionists Association of
Pakistan
Dairy Feeding Management
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Dairy Feeding Management

1,917

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,917
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
322
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Dairy Feeding Management

  1. 1. Animal Nutrition Dr. Makhdoom Abdul Jabbar Executive Member Punjab Agri. Research Board, Lahore Mob. 0333-4568071 majabbar@uvas.edu.pk
  2. 2. i. Classification of feed resources Summer Fodders i. Green Roughages ---- Fodders Winter Fodders Roughages ii. Dry Roughages ---- Straws, Stalks Cobs
  3. 3. ii. Classification of Feeds Protein sources ----Cakes and meals Concentrate Energy sources ---- Grains, Oil. Fats
  4. 4. iii. Classification of Feeds Macro-minerals- Ca, P, Mg, Na, K Minerals Micro-minerals Zn, Fe, Co, Se, I etc.
  5. 5. Bacteria and Protozoa present in the rumen
  6. 6. FODDERS: 1) Summer Fodders 2) Winter Fodders 3) Dry Fodders
  7. 7. Composition of Summer Fodders Type of fodder Production /acre (Ton) Dry matter (%) Protein (%) Maize 18-20 29.30 7.04 Sorghum 20-25 30.0 6.20 Sadabahar 50-60 27.59 6.98 Millet 20-22 29.50 6.08 Mott Grass 70-90 16.54 7.52 Guara 15-18 20.90 17.35
  8. 8. Composition of Winter Fodders Type of fodder Dry Matter (%) Protein (%) Yield (Tons/acre) Berseem 15.62 19.90 30-35 Lucerne 24.26 22.83 52-60 Rye grass 14.21 22.85 30-40 Oats 22.10 8.98 30-35
  9. 9. Composition of dry fodders Type of fodder Wheat straw Rice straw Maize stovers Sorghum stovers Millet stovers Corn cobs Berseem hay Lucerne hay Dry Matter (%) Protein (%) 92.75 2.59 92.82 3.06 82.50 5.45 80.50 3.74 85.00 4.00 90.50 1.66 85.60 18.46 87.50 18.86
  10. 10. Daily allowance      Fodder @ 10% of body weight ~ 40-60 kg Ration ~ Half of milk production More ration during summer season Water should be available all the time Mineral mixture @ 2% in the ration
  11. 11. Silage  Silage is a method of preservation of fresh fodder by which high moisture fodder can be stored for longer period without any deterioration.
  12. 12. Types of silos
  13. 13. Bag Silos
  14. 14. COMMON FEED INGREDIENTS For FEED FORMULATION
  15. 15. COMPOSITION OF COMMON FEED INGREDIENTS Name of feed ingredient Protein (%) TDN (%) Est. Price (Rs. Per Kg) Cotton seed cake Rape seed cake 23.04 37.10 63.4 79.8 10.00 9.00 Sunflower cake Cotton seed meal Soybean meal Maize gluten feed 20% 30.47 39.59 44 - 48 21.85 69.8 79.8 84.0 79.1 8.00 12.00 18.00 5.25 Maize gluten feed 30% Maize gluten feed 60% 30.70 64.70 83.6 94.6 5.50-6.0 16-18
  16. 16. Name of feed ingredient Protein (%) TDN (%) Est. Price (Rs. Per Kg) Rice polishing Wheat bran 12.36 14.99 89.9 71.0 6.50-7.0 6.70 Wheat grains Maize grains Sorghum Millet 12.80 9.80 15.75 10.55 78.9 81.2 78.5 77.2 10.00 10.0-11.50 15.00 15.00 Oats Oil Grams (black) 10.21 00.00 20.35 77.2 195.0 75.2 12.00 50.00 20.00 Urea Bone meal 287.50 20.05 57.7 10.00 11.50
  17. 17. MAIN PARTS OF A RATION FORMULA Vitamins sources Mineral sources Vitamins Salt, bone A, D and E, meal, DCP and mineral mixtures etc. Energy sources Protein sources Wheat bran Cotton seed cake Maize bran Cotton seed meal Rice bran Rape seed cake Rice Rape seed meal polishing, Sunflower cake grains, Sunflower meal molasses and Maize glutens, oils etc. Urea etc.
  18. 18. DIFFERENT FORMULAE FOR DAIRY ANIMALS
  19. 19. RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-1 Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 2 Cotton seed cake Maize gluten 30% 15.0 20.0 3 4 Sunflower meal Wheat bran 5.0 18.0 5 6 Rice polishing Maize ground 15.0 10.0 7 8 Molasses Mineral mixture 15.0 2.0 Total 100.0 Protein TDN (%) (%) = = 17.6 75.3
  20. 20. RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS2 Sr. No. 1 (When cotton seed meal isPercentage not Feed Ingredients Soybean meal available) 13.0 2 Canola meal 9.0 3 Cotton seed cake 12.0 4 Wheat bran 28.0 5 Maize grain 20.0 6 Molasses 15.0 7 Mineral mixture 2.5 8 Urea 0.5 Total 100.0 Protein (%) TDN (%) = = 16.90 73.66
  21. 21. RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-3 (When molasses is not Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 available) Feed Ingredients Rape seed cake Cotton seed cake Rice polishing Wheat bran Maize grain Mineral mixture Total Protein (%) TDN (%) = = 16.17 73.43 Percentage 15.0 15.0 20.0 28.0 20.0 2.0 100.0
  22. 22. RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-4 ( With Soybean ) Feed Ingredients Percentage Soybean meal Sunflower meal = = 14 15 Wheat bran Rice polishing Grains = = = 24 20 10 Molasses Mineral mixture Total = = = 15 2.0 100.00 Protein TDN = = 18.21% 77.81%
  23. 23. CALF FEEDING
  24. 24. Milk Replacer  Protein 20% Mainly of Animal origin like Dry milk powder, whey milk powder etc.  TDN 80% Energy source also of animal origin e.g. fat, lecithin etc.  This is usually imported
  25. 25. CALF STARTER RATION Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Cotton seed meal/soybean meal Percentage 30.0 2 3 Maize grains (ground) Wheat bran 45.0 8.6 4 5 Rice polish Molasses 5.0 10.0 6 7 Mineral mixture Vitamins 1.0 0.1 8 Calcium carbonate Total 0.3 100 Protein (%) TDN (%) Price per Kg = = = 18.51 75.00 15.00
  26. 26. Mature low quality fodder
  27. 27. Urea molasses block
  28. 28. FEED SUPPLEMENTS urea molasses blocks Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Maize gluten 30% Percentage 22.0 2 3 Urea Rice polishing/wheat bran 2.0 20.0 4 5 Canola/Cotton seed meal Bentonite 10.0 6.0 6 7 Calcium carbonate Molasses 2.0 36.0 8 Mineral mixture Total 2.0 100 Price per Kg = Rs. 7.75
  29. 29. MINERAL MIXTURE ?
  30. 30. MINERAL MIXTURE Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Di-calcium phosphate (DCP) 70.81 kg 2 Common salt 18.91 kg 3 Magnesium sulfate 8.64 kg 4 Ferrous sulfate 0.89 kg 5 Manganese sulfate 0.49 kg 6 Zinc sulfate 0.22 kg 7 Copper sulfate 0.03 kg 8 Potassium iodide 8.77 gm 9 Cobalt chloride 0.89 gm 10 Sodium selenate 1.50 gm Total 100.0 kg Price per Kg = Rs. 30.00
  31. 31. BALES OF MIXED COMPLETE RATION
  32. 32. REDUCTION IN VOLUME DUE TO DENSIFICATION
  33. 33. BALED RATION FOR DRY ANIMALS Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Wheat straw Percentage 50.0 2 3 Sunflower cake Cotton seed meal 20.0 10.0 4 5 Urea Molasses 1.0 18.0 6 Mineral mixture Total 1.0 100.0 Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) = = = = = 12.0 68.0 7.16 8.0 57.0
  34. 34. BALED RATION FOR LACTATING BUFFALOES WITH 10.0 LIT. DAILY MILK Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Wheat straw 43.0 2 Rice polishing 10.0 3 Cotton seed meal 10.0 4 Canola meal 15.0 5 Maize ground 9.0 6 Molasses 10.0 7 Mineral mixture 2.0 8 Vitamins (A,D,E & K) 0.1 Total Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) 100.0 = = = = = 12.0 68.0 8.80 12.5 110.0
  35. 35. BALED RATION FOR 15 lit PRODUCTION Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Wheat straw 26.0 2 Rice polishing 15.0 3 Cotton seed meal 08.0 4 Soybean meal 10.0 5 Canola meal 14.0 6 Maize ground 15.0 7 Molasses 9.9 8 Mineral mixture 2.0 9 Vitamins (A,D,E & K) 0.1   Total 100.0 Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) = = = = = 15.0 70.0 9.58 14.0 135.0
  36. 36. Monensin    First discovered 1967 Extensively used in dairy and beef animals Prevents coccidiosis, increases propionic acid  and prevents bloat Yeast Increases the efficiency of feed for milk and  meat production  
  37. 37. Energy concentrates Protected fat   Berga fat Megalac (fat)
  38. 38. HEALTH IS WEALTH !
  39. 39. American Soybean Association & Nutrionists Association of Pakistan
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×