Dairy Feeding Management
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Dairy Feeding Management

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Dairy Feeding Management Dairy Feeding Management Presentation Transcript

  • Animal Nutrition Dr. Makhdoom Abdul Jabbar Executive Member Punjab Agri. Research Board, Lahore Mob. 0333-4568071 majabbar@uvas.edu.pk
  • i. Classification of feed resources Summer Fodders i. Green Roughages ---- Fodders Winter Fodders Roughages ii. Dry Roughages ---- Straws, Stalks Cobs
  • ii. Classification of Feeds Protein sources ----Cakes and meals Concentrate Energy sources ---- Grains, Oil. Fats
  • iii. Classification of Feeds Macro-minerals- Ca, P, Mg, Na, K Minerals Micro-minerals Zn, Fe, Co, Se, I etc.
  • Bacteria and Protozoa present in the rumen
  • FODDERS: 1) Summer Fodders 2) Winter Fodders 3) Dry Fodders
  • Composition of Summer Fodders Type of fodder Production /acre (Ton) Dry matter (%) Protein (%) Maize 18-20 29.30 7.04 Sorghum 20-25 30.0 6.20 Sadabahar 50-60 27.59 6.98 Millet 20-22 29.50 6.08 Mott Grass 70-90 16.54 7.52 Guara 15-18 20.90 17.35
  • Composition of Winter Fodders Type of fodder Dry Matter (%) Protein (%) Yield (Tons/acre) Berseem 15.62 19.90 30-35 Lucerne 24.26 22.83 52-60 Rye grass 14.21 22.85 30-40 Oats 22.10 8.98 30-35
  • Composition of dry fodders Type of fodder Wheat straw Rice straw Maize stovers Sorghum stovers Millet stovers Corn cobs Berseem hay Lucerne hay Dry Matter (%) Protein (%) 92.75 2.59 92.82 3.06 82.50 5.45 80.50 3.74 85.00 4.00 90.50 1.66 85.60 18.46 87.50 18.86
  • Daily allowance      Fodder @ 10% of body weight ~ 40-60 kg Ration ~ Half of milk production More ration during summer season Water should be available all the time Mineral mixture @ 2% in the ration
  • Silage  Silage is a method of preservation of fresh fodder by which high moisture fodder can be stored for longer period without any deterioration.
  • Types of silos
  • Bag Silos
  • COMMON FEED INGREDIENTS For FEED FORMULATION
  • COMPOSITION OF COMMON FEED INGREDIENTS Name of feed ingredient Protein (%) TDN (%) Est. Price (Rs. Per Kg) Cotton seed cake Rape seed cake 23.04 37.10 63.4 79.8 10.00 9.00 Sunflower cake Cotton seed meal Soybean meal Maize gluten feed 20% 30.47 39.59 44 - 48 21.85 69.8 79.8 84.0 79.1 8.00 12.00 18.00 5.25 Maize gluten feed 30% Maize gluten feed 60% 30.70 64.70 83.6 94.6 5.50-6.0 16-18
  • Name of feed ingredient Protein (%) TDN (%) Est. Price (Rs. Per Kg) Rice polishing Wheat bran 12.36 14.99 89.9 71.0 6.50-7.0 6.70 Wheat grains Maize grains Sorghum Millet 12.80 9.80 15.75 10.55 78.9 81.2 78.5 77.2 10.00 10.0-11.50 15.00 15.00 Oats Oil Grams (black) 10.21 00.00 20.35 77.2 195.0 75.2 12.00 50.00 20.00 Urea Bone meal 287.50 20.05 57.7 10.00 11.50
  • MAIN PARTS OF A RATION FORMULA Vitamins sources Mineral sources Vitamins Salt, bone A, D and E, meal, DCP and mineral mixtures etc. Energy sources Protein sources Wheat bran Cotton seed cake Maize bran Cotton seed meal Rice bran Rape seed cake Rice Rape seed meal polishing, Sunflower cake grains, Sunflower meal molasses and Maize glutens, oils etc. Urea etc.
  • DIFFERENT FORMULAE FOR DAIRY ANIMALS
  • RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-1 Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 2 Cotton seed cake Maize gluten 30% 15.0 20.0 3 4 Sunflower meal Wheat bran 5.0 18.0 5 6 Rice polishing Maize ground 15.0 10.0 7 8 Molasses Mineral mixture 15.0 2.0 Total 100.0 Protein TDN (%) (%) = = 17.6 75.3
  • RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS2 Sr. No. 1 (When cotton seed meal isPercentage not Feed Ingredients Soybean meal available) 13.0 2 Canola meal 9.0 3 Cotton seed cake 12.0 4 Wheat bran 28.0 5 Maize grain 20.0 6 Molasses 15.0 7 Mineral mixture 2.5 8 Urea 0.5 Total 100.0 Protein (%) TDN (%) = = 16.90 73.66
  • RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-3 (When molasses is not Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 available) Feed Ingredients Rape seed cake Cotton seed cake Rice polishing Wheat bran Maize grain Mineral mixture Total Protein (%) TDN (%) = = 16.17 73.43 Percentage 15.0 15.0 20.0 28.0 20.0 2.0 100.0
  • RATION FORMULA FOR DAIRY ANIMALS-4 ( With Soybean ) Feed Ingredients Percentage Soybean meal Sunflower meal = = 14 15 Wheat bran Rice polishing Grains = = = 24 20 10 Molasses Mineral mixture Total = = = 15 2.0 100.00 Protein TDN = = 18.21% 77.81%
  • CALF FEEDING
  • Milk Replacer  Protein 20% Mainly of Animal origin like Dry milk powder, whey milk powder etc.  TDN 80% Energy source also of animal origin e.g. fat, lecithin etc.  This is usually imported
  • CALF STARTER RATION Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Cotton seed meal/soybean meal Percentage 30.0 2 3 Maize grains (ground) Wheat bran 45.0 8.6 4 5 Rice polish Molasses 5.0 10.0 6 7 Mineral mixture Vitamins 1.0 0.1 8 Calcium carbonate Total 0.3 100 Protein (%) TDN (%) Price per Kg = = = 18.51 75.00 15.00
  • Mature low quality fodder
  • Urea molasses block
  • FEED SUPPLEMENTS urea molasses blocks Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Maize gluten 30% Percentage 22.0 2 3 Urea Rice polishing/wheat bran 2.0 20.0 4 5 Canola/Cotton seed meal Bentonite 10.0 6.0 6 7 Calcium carbonate Molasses 2.0 36.0 8 Mineral mixture Total 2.0 100 Price per Kg = Rs. 7.75
  • MINERAL MIXTURE ?
  • MINERAL MIXTURE Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Di-calcium phosphate (DCP) 70.81 kg 2 Common salt 18.91 kg 3 Magnesium sulfate 8.64 kg 4 Ferrous sulfate 0.89 kg 5 Manganese sulfate 0.49 kg 6 Zinc sulfate 0.22 kg 7 Copper sulfate 0.03 kg 8 Potassium iodide 8.77 gm 9 Cobalt chloride 0.89 gm 10 Sodium selenate 1.50 gm Total 100.0 kg Price per Kg = Rs. 30.00
  • BALES OF MIXED COMPLETE RATION
  • REDUCTION IN VOLUME DUE TO DENSIFICATION
  • BALED RATION FOR DRY ANIMALS Sr. No. 1 Feed Ingredients Wheat straw Percentage 50.0 2 3 Sunflower cake Cotton seed meal 20.0 10.0 4 5 Urea Molasses 1.0 18.0 6 Mineral mixture Total 1.0 100.0 Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) = = = = = 12.0 68.0 7.16 8.0 57.0
  • BALED RATION FOR LACTATING BUFFALOES WITH 10.0 LIT. DAILY MILK Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Wheat straw 43.0 2 Rice polishing 10.0 3 Cotton seed meal 10.0 4 Canola meal 15.0 5 Maize ground 9.0 6 Molasses 10.0 7 Mineral mixture 2.0 8 Vitamins (A,D,E & K) 0.1 Total Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) 100.0 = = = = = 12.0 68.0 8.80 12.5 110.0
  • BALED RATION FOR 15 lit PRODUCTION Sr. No. Feed Ingredients Percentage 1 Wheat straw 26.0 2 Rice polishing 15.0 3 Cotton seed meal 08.0 4 Soybean meal 10.0 5 Canola meal 14.0 6 Maize ground 15.0 7 Molasses 9.9 8 Mineral mixture 2.0 9 Vitamins (A,D,E & K) 0.1   Total 100.0 Crude protein (%) TDN (%) Price per kg (Rs.) Daily feed required (Kg) Daily feed cost (Rs.) = = = = = 15.0 70.0 9.58 14.0 135.0
  • Monensin    First discovered 1967 Extensively used in dairy and beef animals Prevents coccidiosis, increases propionic acid  and prevents bloat Yeast Increases the efficiency of feed for milk and  meat production  
  • Energy concentrates Protected fat   Berga fat Megalac (fat)
  • HEALTH IS WEALTH !
  • American Soybean Association & Nutrionists Association of Pakistan