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  • 1. The Geography of Africa Ppt presentation by team-1
  • 2. Main Ideas
    • Fertile soil along the Nile River encouraged the rise of great civilizations (ex. Egypt)
    • Many geographic features in Africa have prevented contact, trade & unity among peoples
    • Many of these same features limit European knowledge of Africa “the Dark Continent”
  • 3. Physical Geography
    • PHYSICAL FEATURES
    • Sahara Desert
    • smooth coastline
    • lack of navigable rivers
    • Great Rift Valley
    • high plateau
    • RESULT
    • Groups are kept separate - -
    • 800 different languages are spoken in modern Africa
  • 4. Interesting Statistics
    • 2nd largest continent- - 11,700,000 square miles!
    • That’s 20.2% of the earth
    • And 3x the size of the USA
    • 778,000,000 people
    • 55 countries
  • 5. Topography
    • Deserts
      • 40% of the land surface of Africa
      • slows cultural diffusion - does not totally prevent it
    • Sahara -- North Africa
      • 1/3 of the continent (= to the USA!!)
      • majority is rock and gravel
    • Kalahari--Southwest Africa
  • 6. True desert spreads into semi-arid regions
  • 7. Mountains
    • East Africa-
      • caused by volcanic activity
      • section of the land sank - causing the Great Rift Valley
      • Atlas (NW)
      • Drakensberg (SE)
      • Ethiopian Highlands
      • Famous peaks - Mt. Kenya & Mt. Kilimanjaro
  • 8. Rivers
    • Depth varies depending on the season
    • Plateaus prevent easy navigation
    • Therefore, the interior of Africa remained largely unexplored
  • 9. NILE RIVER
    • 4,180 miles long (world’s longest!!)
    • flows NORTH
    • Source - - Lake Victoria
    • Delta - - Egypt
    • Floods annually
      • One of the most densely populated region in Africa
  • 10. CONGO ,NIGERIA AND ZAMBEZI RIVERS
    • Waterfalls and rapids prevent easy navigation
    • Congo - 3000 miles long
    • Niger - ancient civilizations flourished here
    • Zambezi - Victoria Falls, used for hydro-electric power
  • 11. Coastline
    • Smooth
    • Few natural harbors - hard to land ships
  • 12. Climate - determined by rainfall, latitude and elevation
    • Savanna - 40%, safari!!
    • Tropical Rainforest - 8%,
    • Desert - 40%
    • Mediterranean - 12%, good farm land
    • About 85% of the land is not suited to farming
  • 13. Natural Resources
    • Farming
      • peanuts, cotton, cocoa, coffee
    • Minerals
      • diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt
    • Water
      • hydroelectric power