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Geography of Africa


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Geography of Africa

  1. 1. The Geography of Africa
  2. 2. A Vast Continent <ul><li>2nd largest continent </li></ul><ul><li>3Xs larger than U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation routes important </li></ul>
  3. 3. North Africa
  4. 5. West Africa
  5. 7. East Africa
  6. 8. Masai
  7. 10. Masai Sheild
  8. 11. Central Africa
  9. 13. Pygmies, or Baca
  10. 14. Southern Africa
  11. 16. Plateau – Elevated plain <ul><li>Escarpments: steep cliffs that divide the plateau from the coastal plain </li></ul>
  12. 17. Cataract – rapids or a waterfall
  13. 18. Great Rift Valley <ul><li>Eastern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Two plates pulling apart </li></ul><ul><li>Origin of Humans </li></ul>
  14. 20. Rivers <ul><li>Hydroelectric power: energy produced by moving water </li></ul>
  15. 21. Nile River <ul><li>longest in world </li></ul><ul><li>Annual flooding in ancient times </li></ul><ul><li>Aswan High Dam </li></ul>
  16. 22. Congo River <ul><li>Central Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Hydroelectric Power </li></ul>
  17. 23. Niger River <ul><li>West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul>
  18. 24. Zambezi River <ul><li>Southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria Falls </li></ul>
  19. 25. Mineral Exports <ul><li>Copper </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Oil </li></ul>
  20. 26. Human Environment Interaction <ul><li>Humans adapt to conditions in the environment </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Humans change the environment </li></ul>
  21. 27. Resources are unevenly distributed
  22. 28. Question <ul><li>Why is it that people in Africa who live in areas with natural resources tend to be worse off than those who live in areas without natural resources? </li></ul>