Revised African Geo.

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Revised African Geo.

  1. 1. The Geography of Africa
  2. 2. A Satellite View
  3. 3. ESCARPMENTS A long steep slope or cliff at the edge of a plateau or ridge; usually formed by erosion...
  4. 4. Africa’s Size <ul><li>Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi. </li></ul><ul><li>10% of the world’s population. </li></ul><ul><li>2 ½ times the size of the U. S. </li></ul>5 0 0 0 M I L E S 4 6 0 0 M I L E S
  5. 5. Bodies Of Water Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden Know what bodies of water surround Africa. What ocean did the slave ships cross to reach the Americas??? Know lakes of Africa. What lake is the source of the White Nile???
  6. 6. Bodies Of Water Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea <--Gulf of Aden Know what bodies of water Africa’s Rivers flow into. What ocean does the Zambezi River empty into? What ocean does the Congo River empty into?
  7. 7. The Mighty Nile River: “Longest River in the World”
  8. 8. The Congo River Basin <ul><li>Covers 12% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 9 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,720 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>99% of the country of Zaire is in the Congo River basin. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Niger River Basin <ul><li>Covers 7.5% of the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Extends over 10 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>2,600 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>These rivers create what? </li></ul><ul><li>POPULATION CENTERS </li></ul>
  10. 10. Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Mountains & Peaks Atlas Mts. What mountain range is found on the Northwest side of the Sahara Dessert???
  11. 11. Mt. Kilimanjaro: Snow on the Equator ?
  12. 12. The African Plateau
  13. 13. Deserts Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert
  14. 14. The Sahara Desert Why is population so low here? Limited access to water!!!
  15. 15. The Sahel
  16. 16. In the Sahel, Overgrazing = Desertification
  17. 17. What is Desertification? A = The process which turns productive into non- productive desert as a result of poor land-management .
  18. 18. Desertification
  19. 19. Valleys & Plains Great Rift Valley
  20. 20. Great Rift Valley 3,000 miles long
  21. 21. Africa: The “Tropical” Continent Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °
  22. 22. West Africa: Home of our Hurricanes
  23. 23. Vegetation Zones
  24. 24. The African Savannah: 13 million sq. mi.
  25. 25. African Rain Forest <ul><li>Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft. </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid decomposition (very humid). </li></ul><ul><li>Covers 37 countries. </li></ul><ul><li>15% of the land surface of Africa. </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Complete Topography Of AFRICA Nile River Congo River Zambezi River Niger River Orange River Limpopo River Mediterranean Sea Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Red Sea L. Victoria L. Albert--> L. Chad--> L. Tanganyika-> <--Gulf of Aden Drajensburg Mts. Ruwenzori Mts. Δ Mt. Kenya Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro Sahara Desert Sahel Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Libyan Desert Great Rift Valley Atlas Mts. Tropic of Cancer 20 ° N Tropic of Capricorn 20 ° S Equator 0 °

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